graphic elements Chapter 3
A Single Point <ul><li>A point is a small part of your image that must contrast with its setting </li></ul><ul><li>At this...
point
point
 
 
Several Points <ul><li>Two dominant points create distance </li></ul><ul><li>The eye travels from point to point creating ...
several points
 
 
 
 
Horizontal Lines <ul><li>In photography lines are usually implied (less obvious) </li></ul><ul><li>Lines in photography ar...
 
 
 
 
Horizontal From Perspective <ul><li>Even random groupings can become horizontal lines with perspective </li></ul>
horizontal lines
horizontal lines and viewpoint
Vertical Lines <ul><li>Naturally sits more comfortably in a vertical format </li></ul><ul><li>Has a  sense of speed, movem...
 
 
 
 
vertical lines/continuation
vertical lines/foreshortening A 400 mm lens compresses  diminishing  perspective
vertical/horizontal frame
vertical/horizontal frame
Diagonal Lines <ul><li>Diagonal lines don ’t need to be aligned a certain way in the frame, so you have more freedom </li>...
 
 
 
zig-zag
diagonal with movement
single diagonal
diagonal/wide angle
diagonals/perspective
 
Curves <ul><li>Curves avoid direct comparison with the edges of the frame </li></ul><ul><li>The progressive change of dire...
 
 
curve/gesture
concentric curves
implied curve
Eye Lines <ul><li>One of the most valuable implied lines </li></ul><ul><li>We naturally go first to the human face and if ...
diagonal eye-line
eye-line
Eye lines Eugene Richards
Triangles <ul><li>One of the most useful shapes in photography </li></ul><ul><li>Triangles can be made by lines, three poi...
triangle/vertical convergence
triangle closure
triangle/three elements
inverted triangle/focus
inverted triangle
 
Circles and Rectangles <ul><li>Circles occur more in nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they have an enclosing effect </li></ul>...
circle/fish eye lens
rectangles/order
Vectors <ul><li>Vectors are graphic elements that have movement giving dynamic energy to the image </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
 
 
converging diagonals
directing attention
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Photo Design-Chapter 3-Graphic Elements

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Photo Design-Chapter 3-Graphic Elements

  1. 1. graphic elements Chapter 3
  2. 2. A Single Point <ul><li>A point is a small part of your image that must contrast with its setting </li></ul><ul><li>At this point you have to decide where to place this point </li></ul>
  3. 3. point
  4. 4. point
  5. 7. Several Points <ul><li>Two dominant points create distance </li></ul><ul><li>The eye travels from point to point creating an implied line </li></ul><ul><li>The direction of the line usually leads from the stronger point to the weaker point </li></ul><ul><li>Points can also create shapes based on how they are arranged </li></ul><ul><li>When objects have to be arranged it can be very demanding </li></ul>
  6. 8. several points
  7. 13. Horizontal Lines <ul><li>In photography lines are usually implied (less obvious) </li></ul><ul><li>Lines in photography are often edges or rows of points </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a strong graphic quality </li></ul><ul><li>They can contain directionality and movement along their length </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical, Horizontal, Diagonal </li></ul>
  8. 18. Horizontal From Perspective <ul><li>Even random groupings can become horizontal lines with perspective </li></ul>
  9. 19. horizontal lines
  10. 20. horizontal lines and viewpoint
  11. 21. Vertical Lines <ul><li>Naturally sits more comfortably in a vertical format </li></ul><ul><li>Has a sense of speed, movement up/down, or can act as a barrier like posts as well as a sense of strength </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical lines are immediately compared with the frame edges, so any misalignment will be very noticeable </li></ul>
  12. 26. vertical lines/continuation
  13. 27. vertical lines/foreshortening A 400 mm lens compresses diminishing perspective
  14. 28. vertical/horizontal frame
  15. 29. vertical/horizontal frame
  16. 30. Diagonal Lines <ul><li>Diagonal lines don ’t need to be aligned a certain way in the frame, so you have more freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Creates more dynamic frame with faster motion and unresolved tension(the feeling of falling) </li></ul><ul><li>Diagonals can be formed by perspective </li></ul><ul><li>You can manipulate perspective with the degree of your diagonal line </li></ul><ul><li>Wide angle lenses emphasize distance while a longer lens can show a specific part of a diagonal line </li></ul>
  17. 34. zig-zag
  18. 35. diagonal with movement
  19. 36. single diagonal
  20. 37. diagonal/wide angle
  21. 38. diagonals/perspective
  22. 40. Curves <ul><li>Curves avoid direct comparison with the edges of the frame </li></ul><ul><li>The progressive change of direction can give the feeling of rhythm and acceleration </li></ul><ul><li>Curves can also be seen as gentle and flowing </li></ul><ul><li>Curves can ’t be created as easily by the photographer unless they are really there or they use a fisheye lens </li></ul>
  23. 43. curve/gesture
  24. 44. concentric curves
  25. 45. implied curve
  26. 46. Eye Lines <ul><li>One of the most valuable implied lines </li></ul><ul><li>We naturally go first to the human face and if they are looking at something we automatically follow their gaze </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is called the eye line </li></ul></ul>
  27. 47. diagonal eye-line
  28. 48. eye-line
  29. 49. Eye lines Eugene Richards
  30. 50. Triangles <ul><li>One of the most useful shapes in photography </li></ul><ul><li>Triangles can be made by lines, three points, or convergence made by perspective </li></ul><ul><li>They are dynamic because they have two diagonal lines and stable if one side is a level base </li></ul>
  31. 51. triangle/vertical convergence
  32. 52. triangle closure
  33. 53. triangle/three elements
  34. 54. inverted triangle/focus
  35. 55. inverted triangle
  36. 57. Circles and Rectangles <ul><li>Circles occur more in nature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they have an enclosing effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They contain things that are within them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The draw the eye inward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can also imply motion around the circumference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rectangles happen more in man made structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use to subdivide the frame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large correspondence to the edges of the frame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal and static </li></ul></ul>
  37. 58. circle/fish eye lens
  38. 59. rectangles/order
  39. 60. Vectors <ul><li>Vectors are graphic elements that have movement giving dynamic energy to the image </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They provide a route for the eye to travel </li></ul></ul>
  40. 63. converging diagonals
  41. 64. directing attention

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