Camera formats


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Camera formats

  1. 1. Camera Formats
  2. 2. Pinhole Camera <ul><li>Basically a box with a hole </li></ul><ul><li>The hole is usually about the size of the tip of a straight pin </li></ul><ul><li>The most rudimentary camera </li></ul><ul><li>Can be made in any configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Some photographers have made an entire room into a pinhole camera </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pinhole Photograph
  4. 4. Pinhole Photograph
  5. 5. 35 mm <ul><li>Your run of the mill SLR(single lens reflex) </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to look through the lens using internal mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>Can be louder and heavier due to mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>Great portability </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to change lenses </li></ul><ul><li>35mm refers to the size of the film frame </li></ul>
  6. 7. Digital SLR <ul><li>Equivalent to 35mm SLR in digital form </li></ul><ul><li>Made basically the same as the 35mm but with digital processors and sensors instead of film </li></ul>
  7. 8. Medium Format SLR <ul><li>Works like a SLR but contains a larger sensor or allows for larger film </li></ul><ul><li>Film sizes are referred to as </li></ul><ul><li>- 465 a rectangle frame </li></ul><ul><li>- 4x4 or 2 1/4 square frame </li></ul><ul><li>You can choose which film ratio you want by changing film backs </li></ul><ul><li>Larger frame size allows for higher quality images </li></ul><ul><li>Can have a waist level viewfinder or a prism eye level viewfinder </li></ul><ul><li>Can be converted to digital with a digital back </li></ul>
  8. 9. Medium Format Twin Lens Reflex (TLR) <ul><li>Minimal internal mirror system </li></ul><ul><li>Waist level viewfinder </li></ul><ul><li>You are looking through the top lens, while the camera shoots through the bottom lens </li></ul><ul><li>No black out period (no waiting for the mirror to move like in a SLR) </li></ul><ul><li>Great for mildly confusing your subject </li></ul><ul><li>You are not able to choose your film ratio </li></ul>
  9. 10. Rangefinder <ul><li>No mirror system </li></ul><ul><li>You look through a hole in the camera while your camera shoots through the lens </li></ul><ul><li>Parallax issues when shooting up close </li></ul><ul><li>No blackout time </li></ul><ul><li>You focus the double image and the camera will give you the distance of your subject from the camera </li></ul><ul><li>Lightweight and quiet </li></ul>
  10. 11. Film Comparison Medium Format 35mm
  11. 12. Medium Format Film Ratios 645 rectangle 2 1/4 or 4x4 square
  12. 13. Medium Format Photograph
  13. 14. Large Format (4x5) <ul><li>Large and cumbersome </li></ul><ul><li>Very high quality images </li></ul><ul><li>Can shoot with a film back or a digital back </li></ul><ul><li>Can be swung and manipulated to give different effects to your photo (moving of the film plane and focal plane) </li></ul><ul><li>Most widely used format is 4x5, but other sizes are possible 8x10 16x20 </li></ul>
  14. 15. View Through Ground Glass <ul><li>Everything appears upside down </li></ul><ul><li>And backwards since there is no </li></ul><ul><li>Mirror </li></ul><ul><li>A dark cloth is needed to focus </li></ul><ul><li>Once you have focused and set </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set your camera you can no </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longer see your image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your film back will cover the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ground glass </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Large Format Film Ratio Van Dyke Print
  16. 17. Toy Cameras
  17. 18. The Diana
  18. 19. The Holga
  19. 20. Holga/Diana
  20. 21. Holga/Diana
  21. 22. Holga/Diana
  22. 23. Holga/Diana <ul><li>Beware of light leaks </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the camera body is not light tight </li></ul><ul><li>You can fix this by taping the seems with black masking tape or specialized black photo tape </li></ul>
  23. 24. Holga/Diana Double Exposure
  24. 25. Fisheye Camera
  25. 26. Sequential Cameras
  26. 27. Sequential Cameras