Africa, Oceania, and the Americas Chapter 19
Africa. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Africa <ul><li>North of the Saraha, art is mostly influenced by Egyptian, Roman, and Islamic traditions </li></ul><ul><li>...
Head . Nok culture, Nigeria. 500 B.C.E. – 200 C.E. Height 14-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Head, Nok Culture <ul><li>Made of terra cotta </li></ul><ul><li>Life-size </li></ul><ul><li>Dates from the time of the Gre...
Benin Head . ca. 1550. Height 9 1/4&quot; (23.5 cm). Width 8-5/8&quot;. Depth 9&quot;.  Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Pre...
Benin Head <ul><li>Bronze casting </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits of royalty or distinguished ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Ofte...
Pendant Mask  (Africa). Nigeria, Court of Benin. Early 16th Century. Height 9-3/8&quot; (23.4 cm). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 ...
Pendant Mask <ul><li>Carved ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Portrays a Queen Mother who gazes out with a serene expression </li></...
Olembe Alaye.  House Post . Yoruba, Nigeria. Mid-20th Century. Height 83&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Ha...
House Post by Olembe Alaye <ul><li>Literally a house post meant to hold up a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Also a meditation on t...
Tomb of Former Chief Lisa . Ondo, Nigeria. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Adire Cloth . Detail of  “Women's Wrapper with Human Hands and Proverbs.” Yoruba, Lagos, Nigeria. 1984. L 76&quot; × W 62&...
Adire Cloth <ul><li>Textile arts are highly developed in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Many patterns have specific uses or mean...
Oceania and Australia
Oceania and Australia. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Basic Beliefs <ul><li>The world was created by the union of Earth Mother and Sky Father </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestors are th...
Coconut Grater <ul><li>Highly finished wood artwork </li></ul><ul><li>One sits in the saddle and uses the blade to grate t...
Coconut Grater . Kapingamarangi, Caroline Islands. 1954. Height 19-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall...
Female Figure . Nukuoro Atoll, Central Carolines.19th century. Height 15-9/16&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prenti...
Moai . Easter Island. c. 1000–1500. Height 12'. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Moai <ul><li>There are around 600 of these large stone sculptures on Easter Island </li></ul><ul><li>They were discovered ...
Aumakua . Wooden image from Forbes Cave, Hawaii. Height 29&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Aumakua <ul><li>Aumakua- ancestral deity </li></ul><ul><li>Found in a burial cave of a chief </li></ul><ul><li>Human hair ...
Americas. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Jar . Ácoma Pueblo. c. 1850–1900. Height 12-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Jar <ul><li>Pueblo pottery  </li></ul><ul><li>Each Pueblo has its own style, this jar is Acoma </li></ul><ul><li>Made from...
Marshall Lomakema.  Hopi Kachina. Humis Katsina Figure . 1971. Shungopovi, Arizona. 1971. Height: 86.36 cm, 34&quot;. Copy...
Hopi Kachina <ul><li>A kachina doll is made by fathers and given to sons to teach and pass on traditions </li></ul>
Tlingit Community House . Ketchikan, Alaska. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Tlingit Community House <ul><li>Abstracted animals  depict their mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Totem-animal or plant that se...
Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Teotihuacan <ul><li>Pyramid of the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Among the largest of the pyramids in the world </li></ul><ul><li>...
Detail of Temple of the Feathered Serpent Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Temple of the Feathered Serpent <ul><li>Shows the storm god with goggle eyes and scaly face </li></ul><ul><li>Feathered se...
Temple I . Maya. Tikal, Guatemala. c. 300–900 C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Lintel 24. Yaxchilan, Maya. 709 C.E. Height: 43&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
Lintel <ul><li>From Yaxchilan </li></ul><ul><li>Written symbols around the edges help us to understand the meaning </li></...
Machu Picchu . Inca. Peru. 16th Century. Kero Cup . Peru. Late 16th–17th Century. 7-3/8&quot; × 6-15/16&quot;. Copyright ©...
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Art Appreciation-Chapter 19

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Art Appreciation-Chapter 19

  1. 1. Africa, Oceania, and the Americas Chapter 19
  2. 2. Africa. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  3. 3. Africa <ul><li>North of the Saraha, art is mostly influenced by Egyptian, Roman, and Islamic traditions </li></ul><ul><li>We will be focusing on Sub-Saharan Africa in this chapter </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the art was made of parishable materials, so little is still remaining of this art </li></ul>
  4. 4. Head . Nok culture, Nigeria. 500 B.C.E. – 200 C.E. Height 14-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  5. 5. Head, Nok Culture <ul><li>Made of terra cotta </li></ul><ul><li>Life-size </li></ul><ul><li>Dates from the time of the Greeks and Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful detail on the hair ornaments </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracted eyes and nose </li></ul>
  6. 6. Benin Head . ca. 1550. Height 9 1/4&quot; (23.5 cm). Width 8-5/8&quot;. Depth 9&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  7. 7. Benin Head <ul><li>Bronze casting </li></ul><ul><li>Portraits of royalty or distinguished ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Often placed in altars </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pendant Mask (Africa). Nigeria, Court of Benin. Early 16th Century. Height 9-3/8&quot; (23.4 cm). Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  9. 9. Pendant Mask <ul><li>Carved ivory </li></ul><ul><li>Portrays a Queen Mother who gazes out with a serene expression </li></ul><ul><li>Her crown has alternating human heads and salamanders </li></ul><ul><li>The salamanders represent immortality </li></ul><ul><li>The slots on her brow held consecrated ointments during ceremonies </li></ul>
  10. 10. Olembe Alaye. House Post . Yoruba, Nigeria. Mid-20th Century. Height 83&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  11. 11. House Post by Olembe Alaye <ul><li>Literally a house post meant to hold up a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Also a meditation on the idea of support </li></ul><ul><li>The top figure is an elder seated in a chair, the second figure is a woman holding a baby on her back, and last is a woman holding her breasts in a traditional gesture of welcoming </li></ul><ul><li>All three of the figures represent the backbone of the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom, nurturing, and hospitality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This post was used on the tomb of a Chief </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tomb of Former Chief Lisa . Ondo, Nigeria. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  13. 13. Adire Cloth . Detail of “Women's Wrapper with Human Hands and Proverbs.” Yoruba, Lagos, Nigeria. 1984. L 76&quot; × W 62&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  14. 14. Adire Cloth <ul><li>Textile arts are highly developed in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Many patterns have specific uses or meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Adire cloth is made by using stencils made from tin on the cloth and then pressing flour and water into the stencil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The flour and water resists the dye that is then used on the fabric </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Oceania and Australia
  16. 16. Oceania and Australia. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  17. 17. Basic Beliefs <ul><li>The world was created by the union of Earth Mother and Sky Father </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestors are the intermediaries between people and the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Mana-spiritual power that resides within a person </li></ul>
  18. 18. Coconut Grater <ul><li>Highly finished wood artwork </li></ul><ul><li>One sits in the saddle and uses the blade to grate the coconut </li></ul>
  19. 19. Coconut Grater . Kapingamarangi, Caroline Islands. 1954. Height 19-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  20. 20. Female Figure . Nukuoro Atoll, Central Carolines.19th century. Height 15-9/16&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  21. 21. Moai . Easter Island. c. 1000–1500. Height 12'. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  22. 22. Moai <ul><li>There are around 600 of these large stone sculptures on Easter Island </li></ul><ul><li>They were discovered by explorers in 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Many are up to 32 feet tall </li></ul><ul><li>They are head and torso carved from one stone and a hat or topknot carved from a different stone </li></ul><ul><li>They represent ancestors that protect and oversee </li></ul>
  23. 23. Aumakua . Wooden image from Forbes Cave, Hawaii. Height 29&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  24. 24. Aumakua <ul><li>Aumakua- ancestral deity </li></ul><ul><li>Found in a burial cave of a chief </li></ul><ul><li>Human hair and bones are used in this small sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Highly refined wood carving </li></ul><ul><li>Exaggeration the the female form and roundness </li></ul>
  25. 25. Americas. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  26. 26. Jar . Ácoma Pueblo. c. 1850–1900. Height 12-1/2&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  27. 27. Jar <ul><li>Pueblo pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Each Pueblo has its own style, this jar is Acoma </li></ul><ul><li>Made from local clay and shaped without a wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Pigments are made from earthen powders </li></ul><ul><li>The patterns refer the the forces of nature </li></ul>
  28. 28. Marshall Lomakema. Hopi Kachina. Humis Katsina Figure . 1971. Shungopovi, Arizona. 1971. Height: 86.36 cm, 34&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  29. 29. Hopi Kachina <ul><li>A kachina doll is made by fathers and given to sons to teach and pass on traditions </li></ul>
  30. 30. Tlingit Community House . Ketchikan, Alaska. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  31. 31. Tlingit Community House <ul><li>Abstracted animals depict their mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Totem-animal or plant that serves as an emblem of a family or clan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They often symbolize prehuman ancestors </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  33. 33. Teotihuacan <ul><li>Pyramid of the Sun </li></ul><ul><li>Among the largest of the pyramids in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Many Mexican cultures believe that humanity emerged from a hole in the ground and this pyramid may mark the spot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It sits over a deep cave </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The pyramid is aligned to face the sun on August 12, the first day of the Maya calendar </li></ul>
  34. 34. Detail of Temple of the Feathered Serpent Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  35. 35. Temple of the Feathered Serpent <ul><li>Shows the storm god with goggle eyes and scaly face </li></ul><ul><li>Feathered serpent is portrayed with it ’s head emerging from a plume of feathers </li></ul>
  36. 36. Temple I . Maya. Tikal, Guatemala. c. 300–900 C.E. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  37. 37. Lintel 24. Yaxchilan, Maya. 709 C.E. Height: 43&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.
  38. 38. Lintel <ul><li>From Yaxchilan </li></ul><ul><li>Written symbols around the edges help us to understand the meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The king is standing holding a flaming torch </li></ul><ul><li>His wife, Lady Xoc has pierced her tongue and will use the blood on sheets of paper in the basket in front of her </li></ul>
  39. 39. Machu Picchu . Inca. Peru. 16th Century. Kero Cup . Peru. Late 16th–17th Century. 7-3/8&quot; × 6-15/16&quot;. Copyright ©2011, ©2009 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc.

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