Mushrooms Of Mexico

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  • Mushrooms Of Mexico

    1. 1. GENETICS RESOURCES OF VERACRUZ
    2. 4. Mejoramiento Genético Forestal Germoplasma Forestal Variación y Biosistemática Biotecnología Forestal Manejo integral, producción forestal y recursos naturales Detección y uso de Marcadores Moleculares
    3. 5. MUSHROOMS OF VERACRUZ Armando López R. Instituto de Genética Forestal UNIVERSIDAD VERACRUZANA
    4. 6. Foresters by definition grows trees
    5. 7. Fungi are not trees
    6. 8. Trees requiere Fungi to survive
    7. 9. Mycorrhiza is a symbiotic relationship between mushrooms and plants. mycelium roots
    8. 10. A forest without fungi Never!
    9. 11. All Fungi are important to tree farmers Wuahu!
    10. 12. If Fungi are important to trees How should they be managed?
    11. 13. Mycelium Fruiting bodies The mycelium grows underground grass soil
    12. 14. Big mycelium Many mycelia How many mycelia?
    13. 15. Ecosystem Services Conditions and processes through which natural ecosystems, and the species that are part of them, help sustain and fulfill human life.
    14. 16. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ecosystem services are essential to civilization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ecosystem services operate on such a grand scale and in such intrincate and little explored ways that most could not be replaced by technology. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 17. Environmental Services Ecosystem Goods Services Forest Ecosystems Food, Medicine, Chemical products Genetic Resources <ul><li>Cycle nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Generate soil </li></ul><ul><li>Provide employment </li></ul><ul><li>Provide human and wildlife habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute aesthetic beauty and provide recreation </li></ul>As printed in World Resources 2000-2001 Fungi
    16. 18. 1. Edible 2. Medicine 3. Micorrhizal 4. Fungal biodiversity
    17. 19. Edible Wild Mushrooms
    18. 20. Mushrooms harvesting is now a big business.
    19. 21. Wild Mushrooms Tricholoma magnivelare “ hongo blanco”
    20. 22. Few years ago the matsutake generated $ 20 millions in Oregon Some pickers gathered 230 pounds in one day, the price can be from $10 to $40 or even $600 USD In Mexico $15 USD by pound.
    21. 23. TRUFFLES Tuber spp. Associated with oaks
    22. 24. The most expensive fungus on earth. California produce in some areas between 300 to 1300 pounds of Tuber per acre per year. This amounts $ 60, 000 to $ 260, 000 USD per acre of fungi annually. Some 2 to 3 lbs. specimens cost $ 3,000 to $ 3, 600 USD. France produce 60, 000 pounds of truffles $ 200 to $ 400 USD per pound.
    23. 25. Duraznillo Cantharellus cibarius The golden Chanterelle Mid or old growth tree stands
    24. 26. Some specimens may weight 2 pounds each A commercial picker may collect 300 pounds a day they receive $5, $16 USD by pound In Germany Are canned And sold to USA at $16 per pound
    25. 27. Panzas Porcini Boletus edulis
    26. 28. Products
    27. 29. Porcini is italian for little pig also is called The king bolete. There are two flushes of fruitings each year pickers can harvest 250 pounds per day at $1, $5, $40 USD per pound.
    28. 30. MAZORQUITAS Morchella crassipes Morels
    29. 31. People pay $ 16 USD per pound of wild morels
    30. 32. There are two patents for morel cultivation. Now one factory In Texas is cultivating Morels for Domino’s Pizza.
    31. 33. Grifola frondosa Hen of the woods Could be 60 pounds even 86 $ 6 USD per pound.
    32. 34. These mushrooms have been used in China & Japan for centuries. Oriental mushrooms contain some very complex substances, which are the subject of much current research. Maitake for instance has powerful antioxidant capabilities and can help to maintain a healthy immune system Each tablets contains 500mg of active ingredient. Maitake(Grifola frondosa) Mushroom Powder Description: greyish white powder, 200 mesh. Shelf life: 24 months
    33. 35. Sparassis crispa Cauliflower mushroom
    34. 37. We know more than 200 edible species Of wild mushrooms in the Veracruz State.
    35. 38. Local people collect mushrooms, they knows very well the edibles, the poisonous and medicinal.
    36. 39. TECOMATE Amanita caesarea
    37. 41. Trompa Russula brevipes Russula brevipes “ borregas”
    38. 42. Queshque Lactarius indigo
    39. 43. Escobetas, Pechugas Ramaria botritys
    40. 44. Tsensos Lyophyllum decastes
    41. 45. Chivitos, pata de chivo Clitocybe clavipes
    42. 46. Gachupines, Chile seco Helvella lacunosa
    43. 47. Trompa enchilada Hypomyces lactifluorum
    44. 49. Cultivated
    45. 50. SETAS Pleurotus ostreatus Cultivados
    46. 51. Pleurotus ostreatus
    47. 53. Pleurotus amarillo Pleurotus citrinus
    48. 54. Pleurotus rosado Pleurotus ostreatoroseus
    49. 55. SHIITAKE Lentinula edodes Medicinal
    50. 56. SHIITAKE Old method
    51. 57. Sawdust method SHIITAKE
    52. 58. Enoki Flammulina velutipes
    53. 59. Nameko Pholiota nameko
    54. 60. Maitake Grifola frondosa
    55. 61. Cordyceps entomorrhiza
    56. 62. Ganoderma applanatum y G. lucidum Ling Shi, Reishi
    57. 64. The fly agaric Amanita muscaria
    58. 70. The FUNGA VERACRUZANA collection ilustrate the biodiversity Of fungal species who lives in the state of Veracruz.
    59. 71. The fungal biodiversity in the Veracruz state has been calculated in around of 36, 000 species. In 150 years of research has been recorded around 2, 000 species, and in my opinion could take us more than 300 years list the fungal biodiversity of our state superficially.
    60. 76. Mycology is fun
    61. 77. Ask the Students…

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