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  1. 1. Urban Infrastructure Provision and Management Master’s Programme Week-3 Session-6 Strategic Principles of Infrastructure Institute of Urban Development Studies
  2. 2. Recap <ul><li>By Instructor </li></ul>
  3. 3. Session Objectives <ul><li>By the end of session Participants will be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Define sustainable use of renewable resources and increasing product or service value focusing on customer staisfaction. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Eco-Efficiency Criteria for Infrastructure……. <ul><li>Maximization </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Renewable Resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Product Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Service Intensity of Goods and Services. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Maximization of the Use of Renewable Resources <ul><li>Utilization of Renewable rather than Non-Renewable Resources </li></ul><ul><li>reduce the pressure on finite resources and </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to create less environmental impact over the entire lifecycle. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The most obvious source of </li></ul><ul><li>renewable energy is Solar Power </li></ul>
  7. 7. Renewable Energy Resources Solar Power Bio-Mass Wind Energy Wave Energy Geo-Thermal Energy
  8. 8. Maximization of the Use of Renewable Resources……. <ul><li>Solar Energy could be directly captured through Sunlight into-heat or electricity or </li></ul><ul><li>Indirectly through bio-mass, waves, winds and geo-thermal etc. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Maximization of the Use of Renewable Resources……. <ul><li>Care should be taken in the use of the renewable resources so that the natural environment is not compromised through overheating of bio-mass , degradation of soil quality, or high use of energy and materials in the extraction and refining of useful substances from Bio-Mass. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Maximize focusing on Product Durability <ul><li>Extension of the useful life of the products will result in less frequent replacements. </li></ul><ul><li>Above in turn can mean less waste and the use of fewer materials and energy resources. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Maximize focusing on Product Durability……. <ul><li>Product durability can generally be improved by </li></ul><ul><li>Robust (strong and healthy) product designs. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of appropriate materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Better Maintenance. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Maximize Service Intensity of Goods and Services. <ul><li>Increasing Service Intensity means creating additional value for customer while reducing or holding constant environmental impacts. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Maximize Service Intensity of Goods and Services. <ul><li>It can be achieved through various ways like; </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Use. </li></ul><ul><li>Multifunctional </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Upgrading </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reference figure: van Berkel, R. 2006. Cleaner Production and Eco-Efficiency. in D. Marinova (ed) Handbook on Environmental Technology Management. Edward Elgar Publications, Cheltenham, UK.
  15. 15. Case Study; Delhi Metro
  16. 16. Strategic Advantages of Delhi Metro <ul><li>Robust Design </li></ul><ul><li>Regenerative brake System </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate Material Use </li></ul><ul><li>Multifunctional </li></ul><ul><li>Parking Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Less Carbon Footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Earn Carbon Credits $9.5m (£6.1m) in carbon credits annually for seven years. </li></ul><ul><li>The transport system has helped reduce pollution levels in the city by 630,000 tonnes a year, a UN release said. </li></ul><ul><li>If not for the Metro, the 1.8 million people who use it daily would have travelled by cars, buses or motorbikes, </li></ul><ul><li>Better Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent Solid Waste Disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Upgrading </li></ul><ul><li>Feeder Services </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Cards </li></ul><ul><li>Many More </li></ul>
  17. 17. Regenerative brake System <ul><li>A regenerative brake is an energy recovery mechanism which slows a vehicle or object down by converting its kinetic energy into another form, which can be either used immediately or stored until needed. This contrasts with conventional braking systems, where the excess kinetic energy is converted to heat by friction in the brake linings and therefore wasted. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>By Participants </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank You