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Natural vegetation. ch 5rege mon

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Natural vegetation. ch 5rege mon

  1. 1. • Natural vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time • Wildlife refers to all non-domesticated plants, animals, and other organisms
  2. 2. • • • • • • Land Soil Climate : Temperature photoperiod (sun light) precipitation
  3. 3. A system which comprises the physical environment and organisms living there in
  4. 4. Tropical Rain Forests Tropical Deciduous Forests Tropical Thorn Forests and scrubs Montane Forests MANGROVE VEGETATION
  5. 5. • Found in areas having more than 200cm rain fall with a short dry seasons • The trees reach great heights up to 60 m • There is no definite time for trees to shed their leaves • Ebony,mahogany,rose • wood,rubber, cinchona are examples of important trees
  6. 6. Most wide spread forests in India They are also called monsoon forests Spread over the region receiving rain fall between 200cm and 70cm. 0n the basis of the availability of water these forests are classified in to MOIST DECIDUOUS FORESTS & DRY DECIDUOUS FORESTS
  7. 7. MOIST DECIDUOUS FORESTS & DRY DECIDUOUS FORESTS • • • • MOIST Rainfall 200 to 100cm Eastern part of india Teak,Bamboo,sal,peep al,shisham,sandal wood etc are important trees • DRY • Rainfall 100 to 70cm • Rainier part of peninsular plateau,UP and Bihar
  8. 8. • Consists of thorny trees and bushes • Spread in the regions less than 70cm rain • Found in the north western parts of india including the semi arid areas of Gujarat, Rajastan,MP,UP,Chhat tisgarh and Haryana • Acacias,palms,euphor bias and cacti are the main
  9. 9. ALPINE VEGETATION 4000 3000 2000 1500 1000 SILVER FIR Temperate forests containing coniferous trees like pine deodar etc found(15oo to 3000 m) Wet temperate forests (1000to2000 m) ever green trees such as oaks & chestnuts prominent
  10. 10. Mangrove forests • forests • The Found in the areas of coasts influenced by tides • The deltas of the Ganga, the krishna, the godavari and the kaveri are covered by mangrove Ganga-Brahmaputra delta is also called as sundarban delta
  11. 11. Wildlife • India has more than 89000 of animal species • India has more than 1200 of species of birds (13%) • 2500 species of fish (12%)
  12. 12. 14 BIO RESERVES OF INDIA 2001 1701 km 383551 km Kerala tamilnadu Chatisgharh MP