India-Flora and Fauna
vegetation and wild life of a country are
called flora and fauna respectively.
India there are about 47,000 plant species
and 81,000 animal species.
Some facts to Know
the larger animals in India, 79
species of mammals, 44 of birds, 15 of
reptiles and 3 of amphibians are threatened.
Nearly 1500 plant species are considered
The forest cover of India is estimated at
637,293 sq.kms or 19.39% which is far below
the normal requirement of 33%.
Some Facts About Species in India
Species:-These are in danger
of extinction such as-
Wild Asiatic Buffalo
Pink Head Duck
Causes of Depletion of Forests
Large scale development projects.
Grazing and fuelwood collection.
Habitat destruction, huntomg ,poaching,over –
exploitation,environmental pollution and forest fires
have led to decline of India’s biodiversity.
of India’s Natural forests are gone.
of its wetlands drained out.
of its surface waterbodies are polluted.
of its mangrooves wiped out.
Conservation of Forests and
WildLife in India.
Conservation preserves ecological diversity and our life support
It also preserves genetic diversity of plant and animals.
Measures:- 1.The Indian wildlife (protection) Act 1972.
2. Hunting and poaching banned.
3.Establishment of National parks and .WL sanctuaries.
4. Several projects for specific animals like-Project Tiger,Project
Rhino,kashmir stag, crocodiles, asiatic lion..
Community and Conservation
Sariskha Tiger reserve(RAJ) villagers have
fought against mining by citing wildlife
inhabitants of 5 villages in Alwar district
of Rajasthan have declared 1200 hectares of
forest as Bhairodev Dakar son churi declared
their own set of rules and regulations.
movements likeChipko movement ,
Beej bachao Andolan(Tehri) and Navadanya
are some examples.