Developmental goals


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Developmental goals

  1. 1. mint ECONOMY & POLITICS 21 THURSDAY, AUGUST 27, 2009, DELHI ° WWW.LIVEMINT.COM GOAL 4: Reduce child mortality GOAL 5: Improve maternal health Once a child has survived the first year of life, the chances of reaching the age of five are very good. Early There is still a high level of maternal mortality in many countries in the region, but deaths in childbirth are likely immunization against diseases such as measles can be particularly effective in reducing infant mortality, in to fall when a trained health worker is present during the birth. Adolescent births show that in many countries, conjunction with post-natal care and advice for mothers. young women are still poorly advised about reproductive health care. TARGET: TARGET: Births attended by skilled health personnel,  To reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.  Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, 1995 and 2006, or nearest years (in %) the maternal mortality ratio. Tuvalu Under-five mortality and infant mortality rates, Under-five mortality rate  Achieve, by 2015, universal access to Palau 2007 or latest year (per 1,000 live births) (per 1,000 live births) reproductive health. Uzbekistan 2007 1990 Maternal mortality ratio, Kazakhstan Singapore Singapore 3 8 2005 or latest year Turkmenistan South Korea South Korea 5 9 (per 100,000 live births) Mongolia Thailand Thailand 7 31 Brunei 9 11 Fiji Brunei Hong Kong Palau Palau 10 21 Brunei Chinese Taipei Malaysia Malaysia 11 22 Sri Lanka Brunei Vietnam Vietnam 15 56 Georgia Cook Islands 18 32 Singapore Fiji Cook Islands Fiji 18 22 South Korea Cook Islands Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 21 32 Uzbekistan Malaysia China China 22 45 China China Tonga Tonga 23 32 Mongolia Armenia Armenia Armenia 24 56 Sri Lanka Samoa Samoa 27 50 Kyrgyz Republic Malaysia Philippines Philippines 28 62 Thailand Georgia 30 47 Georgia Nauru Tonga Maldives Maldives 30 111 Armenia Nauru 30 … Azerbaijan Vanuatu Georgia Indonesia Indonesia 31 91 Thailand Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 32 60 Maldives Micronesia Vanuatu Vanuatu 34 62 Turkmenistan Vietnam Tuvalu Tuvalu 37 53 Kazakhstan Solomon Islands Kyrgyz Republic Kyrgyz Republic 38 74 Azerbaijan 39 98 Vietnam Kiribati Azerbaijan Micronesia Micronesia 40 58 Kyrgyz Republic Maldives Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 41 74 Tajikistan Tajikistan Mongolia Mongolia 43 98 Fiji Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 50 99 Solomon Islands Indonesia Marshall Islands Marshall Islands 54 92 Philippines Philippines Nepal Nepal 55 142 Myanmar Bangladesh 151 Pakistan Bangladesh 61 Kiribati 63 88 Timor-Leste Bhutan Kiribati Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 65 94 Myanmar India Tajikistan Tajikistan 67 117 Indonesia Cambodia Solomon Islands Laos 70 163 Bhutan Papua New Guinea Laos Solomon Islands 70 121 India India India 72 117 Pakistan Papua New Guinea Bhutan Bhutan 84 148 Laos Pakistan 90 132 Cambodia Pakistan Nepal Cambodia Cambodia 91 119 Bangladesh Infant mortality Laos Timor-Leste Timor-Leste Timor-Leste 97 184 Under-five mortality Myanmar 103 130 Nepal Bangladesh 1995 Myanmar Afghanistan Afghanistan 257 260 Afghanistan Afghanistan 2006 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 0 500 1000 1500 2000 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 GOAL 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Prevalence of tuberculosis, 1990 and 2007 (per 100,000 people) GOAL 7: Ensure environmental Per capita emissions of carbon dioxide, 1990 and 2006 or nearest year (in tonnes) malaria, and other diseases Cambodia sustainability Philippines Australia The prevalence of tuberculosis has been reduced in Deforestation and rising per capita emissions of carbon Brunei Papua New Guinea most economies. Many adults still live with HIV. The Kiribati dioxide continue to pose a threat to environmental Nauru incidence of HIV is heavily concentrated in six econo- Bangladesh sustainability. Although emissions by the five most Singapore mies and in most cases, those in need of them do not Timor-Leste populous economies in the Asia and Pacific region are still Kazakhstan Bhutan Japan currently have the necessary access to antiretroviral Tajikistan low compared to those in the industrialized countries, South Korea drugs. Laos rising living standards will inevitably increase global Turkmenistan India emissions with serious consequences for climate change New Zealand TARGET: Marshall Islands Indonesia unless this is offset by reductions in developed countries. Malaysia  Have halted, by 2015, and begun to reverse the spread of Palau HIV/AIDS. Nepal TARGET: Hong Kong  Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS Afghanistan  Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country Cook Islands Mongolia policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental for all those who need it. Pakistan China  Have halted, by 2015, and begun to reverse the incidence of resources. Thailand Vietnam  Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant malaria and other major diseases. Tuvalu Uzbekistan reduction in the rate of loss. Azerbaijan China Percentage of the population with advanced HIV infection with Thailand  Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable Mongolia access to antiretroviral drugs, 2006 and 2007 Solomon Islands access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. Maldives Myanmar  By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives Fiji Laos Uzbekistan of at least 100 million slum dwellers. Marshall Islands Cambodia Kazakhstan Indonesia Kyrgyz Republic Change in forest area between 1990 and 2005 Armenia Thailand (’000 sq. km) South Korea Tonga Papua New Guinea Malaysia India Malaysia Vanuatu China Georgia Philippines Micronesia India Vietnam Azerbaijan Vietnam Kyrgyz Republic Vietnam Georgia New Zealand Uzbekistan Tajikistan Armenia Sri Lanka Kazakhstan Pakistan Sri Lanka Bhutan Turkmenistan Samoa China Afghanistan Palau Solomon Islands Philippines Myanmar Papua New Guinea Brunei Pakistan Indonesia Hong Kong Laos Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Maldives Nepal Bhutan Armenia Nauru Mongolia Vanuatu Cook Islands Thailand Solomon Islands Nepal Malaysia Fiji Kiribati Bangladesh Papua New Guinea 2006 Tonga Cambodia Tajikistan Singapore 1990 Cambodia 2007 Bangladesh 2007 Philippines Pakistan Samoa Laos Australia 0 20 40 60 80 100 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 Myanmar Myanmar All economies Timor-Leste Nepal 1990 Indonesia 2006 Six major producers of tropical hardwood Afghanistan GOAL 8: Develop a global partnership for development -500 -400 -300 -200 -100 0 100 200 300 400 500 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 While the burden of debt has been falling for most countries in the region since 2000, less progress has been made in spreading the benefits of new technologies more widely. The digital divide still means that 50% or more of the population in eight economies have Internet access, while the rate is less than 20% in the majority of countries. TARGET: Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods Telephone lines and cellular subscriptions, 2008  Deal comprehen- And services, 2000 and 2007, or nearest years or latest year (per 100 population) sively with the debt 22 160 problems of Cellular subscriptions 2000 Telephone lines developing countries 20 2007 140 through national and 18 international 120 16 measures in order to make debt 14 100 sustainable in the 12 long term. 80  In cooperation 10 with pharmaceutical 8 60 companies, provide access to affordable 6 40 essential drugs in 4 developing countries. 20  In cooperation 2 with the private 0 0 sector, make Hong Kong Singapore Maldives Thailand Chinese Taipei New Zealand Australia Malaysia Kazakhstan South Korea Brunei Japan Vietnam Azerbaijan Philippines Fiji Armenia Indonesia Georgia Sri Lanka Palau Pakistan Cook Islands Tonga China Samoa Uzbekistan Kyrgyz Republic Tajikistan Mongolia India Cambodia Afghanistan Bangladesh Laos Micronesia Bhutan Tuvalu Nauru Nepal Vanuatu Turkmenistan Timor-Leste Papua New Guinea Solomon Islands Marshall Islands Myanmar Kiribati Papua New Guinea Solomon Islands Kyrgyz Republic Afghanistan Bangladesh Kazakhstan India Philippines Azerbaijan Cambodia Indonesia Tajikistan Myanmar Sri Lanka Mongolia Maldives Malaysia Pakistan Armenia Thailand Laos Vietnam Vanuatu Fiji China Georgia Samoa Tonga Nepal available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.