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Therapeutic uses of ultrasound, infrared, electrostimulation

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Therapeutic uses of ultrasound, infrared, electrostimulation. these are the basis of confirmatory diagnosis in various complicated cases

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Therapeutic uses of ultrasound, infrared, electrostimulation

  1. 1. Therapeutic Uses of Ultrasound, Infrared, Electro stimulation.
  2. 2. Ultrasound Therapy <ul><li>Ultra high frequency sound waves having frequency >20000 cps. </li></ul><ul><li>Needs A medium for transmission – Coupling Gel </li></ul><ul><li>3 to 5 lakh cps generally used for therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Dosage- 0.25 – 2 W/cm ² </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>USES </li></ul><ul><li>Vasodilation & change in fluid permeability </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce pain </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal effect </li></ul><ul><li>Focused high-energy ultrasound pulses break calculi - lithotripsy . </li></ul><ul><li>Cleaning teeth in dental hygiene . </li></ul><ul><li>Focused ultrasound sources may be used for cataract treatment by phacoemulsification . </li></ul><ul><li>low-intensity ultrasound -stimulate bone-growth- in fresh fractures, delayed and non union fractures. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Caution </li></ul><ul><li>Should not be kept stationary at a point for more than 5-10sec </li></ul><ul><li>Donts </li></ul><ul><li>Donot use on eyes,ovaries,testicles,pregnant uterus, neoplasms, infections etc </li></ul>
  5. 5. Infra red rays <ul><li>Wave lengths between 7700 to 8800 A ° </li></ul><ul><li>They can heat up deep seated tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>Vasodilation,warmth and analgesic effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged exposure cause reactions due to overheating. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Indications </li></ul><ul><li>Sprains, arthritis, neuralgia, rheumatic conditions, paralysis. </li></ul><ul><li>Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Duration- 15 min to 1 hr. </li></ul><ul><li>Lamp can be as close as 1 foot. </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes should be protected. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Electro stimulation <ul><li>Negative electrode placed over region corresponding to the superficial part of nerve trunk and positive electrode is placed over the muscle were the nerve ramifies. </li></ul><ul><li>Voltage – 50 to 60 V. </li></ul><ul><li>3 – 20 milliamperes </li></ul><ul><li>5 – 20 min </li></ul><ul><li>Factors adjusted according to the area involved and individual tolerance. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Done for 5 min or 10 min daily on alternate days. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective for preventing muscle atrophy in nerve paralysis by facilitating muscle contraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase blood supply to the area. </li></ul>

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