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Broiler poultry farming and backyard poultry management

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Broiler Poultry Farming and Backyard Poultry Management

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Broiler poultry farming and backyard poultry management

  1. 1. Broiler Poultry Farming and Backyard Poultry Management
  2. 2. TOPICS Houses Preparation and Biosecurity Management in Brooding Water Management Litter Management Vaccination Schedule Heat Stress and control Some Important Diseases Backyard Poultry Relevance
  3. 3. PLACE SELECTION  Poultry house should be dry, up ground & away from locality.  Ensure pure water & electricity supply.  Predators & others animal are not allowed in the farm.  Ensure good transport system for marketing of poultry.
  4. 4. Housing of Poultry
  5. 5. Important considerations House should be constructed in east- west direction Should have good transport system Ensure good ceiling system for summer system Should have proper ventilation system that remove excess heat
  6. 6. FLOOR SPACE First 2 week 0.5 sqft/chick should provided In summer season 1.2 sqft and winter 1 sqft place should be provided.
  7. 7. FLOOR SPACE
  8. 8. BIOSECURITY Farm Metarials: Feeder, waterer, fan, door, windows hover, net should washed following way: Detergent Washing Soda Disinfactant
  9. 9. BIOSECURITY Fumigation: (for 200 sqft) Potassium per menganate- 40 gm Formalin- 80 gm Note: Formalin should be putout over PPM
  10. 10. Brooding Management Chick Guard: For 1000 chicks, it should be 24 ft long & 12 ft width
  11. 11. MANAGEMENT IN BROODING
  12. 12. PREPARATION FOR CHICK ARRIVAL Litter material should be spread evenly to a depth of 3–4 in (7.5–10 cm) and then levelled and compacted in the brooding area. The necessary equipment must be assembled in the appropriate configuration as- Feeder- 30 inch long/ 50 chicks Waterer- 2 litre capacity/ 50 chicks
  13. 13. PREPARATION FOR CHICK ARRIVAL  Equipment in the house (i.e., feeders, drinkers, heaters and fans) should be arranged to allow chicks to maintain body temperature without dehydration and to find feed and water easily. Houses should be pre-heated for a sufficient period to achieve target house and litter temperatures prior to chick arrival.
  14. 14. AFTER ARRIVAL Firstly provide lukewarm water for 2-3 hrs then provide following solution- Glucose-50gm/ litre Multivitamine-1gm/4 litre Electrolytes- 1gm/ 2 litre Provide instant energy and restore normal body function. Note: feed should be supply after 3 hrs on arrival to avoid early enteritis in chicks
  15. 15. Brooding Temperature Degree ©DEGREE (F) AGE (WEEKS) 32-3590-951st 30-3385-902nd 27-3080-853rd 24-2775-804th
  16. 16. BROODING
  17. 17. Feeder management NO OF FEEDER/1000 chicks AGE GROUP As libido01 day 5002-12 days 25-3013- Marketing
  18. 18. Feeder management Feeder should keep neat & clean. To treat feeder by disinfactant regularly. Keep appropriate no. of feeder on basis of population Provide 24 hrs pure water at daily basis
  19. 19. Feeder management
  20. 20. LITTER MANAGEMENT In winter season litter should be 2-3 inch & for winter season 4-5 inch depth Daily spray with disinfactant Moisture level should be keep in minimum level Moist litter should dried in sun heat & treat with surface agent.
  21. 21. LITTER MANAGEMENT
  22. 22. Some Important Diseases Control/Treat ment Clinical SignDiseases Prevent by Vaccination Green diarrhoea, torticolitis, Anorexia Newcastle Disease Prevent by Vaccination Whitish diarrhoea, hyperthermia, dullness Infactious Bursal Disease Applied proper anticoccidial Bloody enteritis, dehydration, anorxia Coccidiosis Apply proper antibiotic eg tylosin Hacking cough, nasal discharge Mycoplasosis Apply properEnteritis, swollenColibacillosis
  23. 23. Vaccination ROUTEVACCINEAGE EYEND, ND+IB05-06 E/WIBD10-12 WaterIBD16-18 waterND Lassota strain 22-23
  24. 24. Vaccination Should maintain cool chain of vaccine Should be vaccinate at cool environment i.e morning or late night Diseased or weakness bird should be separate from normal one. Maintain appropriate route of administration For better efficacy vaccinate with non fat milk
  25. 25. VENTILATION Air quality is critical during the brooding period. Ventilation is required during the brooding period to maintain temperatures at the targeted level and to allow sufficient air exchange to prevent the accumulation of harmful gases such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and ammonia.
  26. 26. VENTILATION Establishing minimum ventilation rates from one day of age will ensure fresh air is supplied to chicks at frequent, regular intervals.  Stirring fans can be used to maintain evenness of air quality at chick level.
  27. 27. HUMIDITY Relative humidity (RH) in the hatcher, at the end of the incubation process will be high (approx. 80 percent).  Houses with whole house heating, especially where nipple drinkers are used, can have RH levels as low as 25 percent.
  28. 28. HUMIDITY Houses with more conventional equipment (i.e., spot brooders, which produce moisture as a byproduct of combustion and bell drinkers, which have open water surfaces) have a much higher RH (usually over 50 percent). To limit the shock to the chicks of transfer from the incubator RH levels in the first three days should be maintained near 70 percent.
  29. 29. HUMIDITY RH within the broiler house should be monitored daily. If it falls below 50 percent in the first week, chicks will begin to dehydrate, Causing negative effects on performance.  In such cases, action should be taken to increase RH.
  30. 30. HUMIDITY If the house is fitted with high-pressure spray nozzles (i.e.,foggers) for cooling in high temperatures, then these can be used to increase RH during brooding. Chicks kept at appropriate humidity levels are less prone to dehydration and generally make a better, more uniform start.
  31. 31. HUMIDITY As the chick grows, ideal RH falls.  High RH from 18 days onward can cause wet litter and its associated problems. As broilers increase in live weight, RH levels can be controlled using ventilation and heating systems.
  32. 32. HEAT STRESS Heat stress negatively affects growth rate and livability.  Effects of heat stress can be minimized by altering the environment to reduce the temperature experienced by the bird.
  33. 33. CONTROL OF HEAT STRESS Normal body temperature of a broiler chicken is 106ºF (41ºC). Broilers regulate their body temperature by two methods:  Radiation/convection of heat and  Evaporative cooling through respiration.  Within the temperature range 55–77ºF (13–25ºC), heat loss is mainly accomplished through physical radiation and convection to the cooler environment.
  34. 34. CONTROL OF HEAT STRESS  As the temperature rises above 86ºF (30ºC) the majority of heat loss is accomplished by evaporative cooling and panting, and increased respiration rate.  Panting allows the bird to control body temperature by evaporation of water from the respiratory surfaces and air sacs.  The process uses energy. In conditions of high humidity, panting is less effective.  Where high temperatures are maintained for long periods, or humidity is very high, panting may be insufficient to control body temperature and the bird may experience heat stress.
  35. 35. Significance of backyard Poultry in Jharkhand  70% of house holds rear backyard poultry  It is Rural poultry production technology  Low feeding cost technology  Production of Egg in the state ~ 127 crores/yr
  36. 36. Commonly used Backyard variety in Jharkhand  Gamapriya ◦ Good in Egg laying ~ 180-200 eggs per year  Vanaraja ◦ Goof in Meat Production  Jharsim ◦ Developed in Ranchi Veterinary College ◦ Highly adapted to the state Climatic conditions ◦ Good in Meat production
  37. 37. Benefits of Backyard Poultry  Hardy nature and adapted to the soil  Fights Malnutrition  Better Price because of colored nature  Minimum land, labour and capital  High skill not required  Regular source of income  Decreased Inbreeding by introduction of superior germplasm

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