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Breeds of poultry

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Important breeds of Poultry, Quail and Ducks with their importance and general characters.

Published in: Science
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Breeds of poultry

  1. 1. General Description with Breeds and Varieties of Poultry Dr. Alok Bharti S.M.S. (Vety. Sc.) Krishi Vigyan Kendra Bikramganj, Rohtas
  2. 2. 1. •CHICKEN 2. •QUAIL 3. •GUINEA FOWL4. •TURKEY
  3. 3. (Gallus domesticus)
  4. 4. (Anus platyrinchos)
  5. 5. (Coturnix coturnix)
  6. 6. (Maleagridis gallapova)
  7. 7. (Numida meleagris)
  8. 8. MAJOR CLASSES OF CHICKEN AMERICAN CLASS ENGLISH CLASS MEDITERRANEAN CLASS ASIATIC CLASS
  9. 9. OTHER CLASSES OF CHICKEN Bantams Indian Breeds of Chicken Red Jungle fowls (Ancestral Chicken)
  10. 10. American Class Rhode Island Red New Hampshire Wyandotte Plymouth Rock
  11. 11. Rhode Island Red
  12. 12. Varieties: Single Comb, and Rose Comb Standard Weights: 5 ½ lbs to 8 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Egg production Characteristics: Relatively hardy. The best egg layers of the dual purpose breeds. Reds handle marginal diets and poor housing conditions RHODE ISLAND RED
  13. 13. New Hampshire
  14. 14. Origin: Massachusetts and New Hampshire Standard Weights: 6 1/2 lbs to 8 1/2 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat production Characteristics: They possess a deep, broad body, grow feathers rapidly. The color is a medium to light red and often fades in the sunshine NEW HAMPSHIRE
  15. 15. Wyandotte
  16. 16. Origin: America Standard Weights: 6 1/2 lbs to 8 1/2 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: They are docile; normally will show broodiness; possess a long, broad back; a moderately deep, full breast and a single comb of moderate size. WYANDOTTE
  17. 17. Plymouth Rock
  18. 18. Origin: America Standard Weights: 7 ½ lbs to 9 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: Relatively hardy. The best egg layers of the dual purpose breeds. Reds handle marginal diets and poor housing conditions Plymouth Rock
  19. 19. English Class Australorp Cornish Orphington
  20. 20. Australorp
  21. 21. Origin: Australia Standard Weights: 6 ½ lbs to 8 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Egg production Characteristics: Australorps have intense beetle-green sheen on the black birds, dark eyes, deep bodies and are very active. They are one of the best dual-purpose fowls. Australorp
  22. 22. Cornish
  23. 23. Origin: England Standard Weights: 8 lbs to 10 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat production Characteristics: Broad, well muscled body. Its legs are of large diameter and widely spaced. The deep set eyes, projecting brows and strong, slightly curved beak give the Cornish a rather cruel expression. Cornish
  24. 24. Orpington
  25. 25. Origin: England Standard Weights: 10 lbs to 8 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: Heavily but loosely feathered, appearing massive. Their feathering allows them to endure cold temperatures better than some other breeds. Orpington
  26. 26. Mediterranean Class Leghorn Minorca Ancona
  27. 27. Leghorn
  28. 28. Origin: Italy Standard Weights: 4 ½ lbs to 6 lbs Egg Shell Color: White Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: Small & noisy bird with great style, Leghorns like to move about. They are good foragers and can get their diet from ranging over fields. Leghorns are capable of considerable flight and often roost in trees if given the opportunity Leghorn
  29. 29. Minorca
  30. 30. Origin: Spain (Mediterranean) Standard Weights: 7 ½ lbs to 9 lbs Egg Shell Color: White Use: Egg production Characteristics: Largest of the Mediterranean breeds, they are long, angular birds that appear larger than they are. Minorcas are stately, impressive birds and can give a fair return in eggs. Minorca
  31. 31. Ancona
  32. 32. Origin: America Standard Weights: 7 ½ lbs to 9 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: White Use:Egg production Characteristics: Active and busy birds, they are good foragers and said to be indifferent to climate. Ancona
  33. 33. Asiatic Class Brahma Cochin Langshan
  34. 34. Brahma
  35. 35. Origin: China Standard Weights: 12 ½ lbs to 9 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat production Characteristics: Beautiful, stately birds, large size and gentle nature. Their small comb and wattles, together with profuse feathering and well feathered shanks. Brahma
  36. 36. Cochin
  37. 37. Origin: China Standard Weights: 11 lbs to 8 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Ornamental/ Game Characteristics: Literally big, fluffy balls of feathers. They are mainly kept as an ornamental fowl and are well suited to close confinement Cochin
  38. 38. Langshan
  39. 39. Origin: China Standard Weights: 9 ½ lbs to 7 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat/Egg production Characteristics: They are active and quick. The black variety has.a deep greenish sheen when viewed in the proper light. Their feet and legs are feathered but not as fully as the Cochins or Brahmas. Langshan
  40. 40. Houdan
  41. 41. Polish
  42. 42. Other Standard Breeds • Araucana • Ameraucana • Cubalaya • Malay • Modern Game • Old English Game • Phoenix • Sultan • Turken • Yokohama
  43. 43. Araucana
  44. 44. Ameraucana Blue Green Eggs
  45. 45. Malay
  46. 46. Modern Game
  47. 47. Old English Game
  48. 48. Phoenix
  49. 49. Sultan
  50. 50. Bantam Chicken (Fancy breeds) • Booted Bantam • Japanese • Sebright • Silkie
  51. 51. Booted Bantam
  52. 52. Japanese
  53. 53. Sebright
  54. 54. Silkie
  55. 55. Silkies
  56. 56. Indian Chicken Breeds •Kadaknath •Aseel •Naked Neck •Punjab Brown •Ankaleswar •Chittagong
  57. 57. Kadaknath (Kalamasi)
  58. 58. Aseel
  59. 59. Naked Neck
  60. 60. Punjab Brown
  61. 61. Ankaleswar
  62. 62. Junglefowls (Ancestors)  Red Junglefowl  Grey Junglefowl  Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Junglefowl  Javan (Green) Junglefowl
  63. 63. Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
  64. 64. Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii)
  65. 65. Ceylon Junglefowl (Gallus lafayetii)
  66. 66. Javan Junglefowl (Green Junglefowl) (Gallus varius)
  67. 67. Facts  Like pheasants Quails have the ability to fly well over a short distance  But unlike pheasants they nest on the ground.  Quail often sit on large numbers of eggs.  When breeding, the female will lay around 6-12 eggs then sit on them.  If she cannot cover all the eggs often the male will join her on the nest.  The chicks are precocial - meaning that they are able to walk and feed themselves almost immediately after hatching.
  68. 68. Lightweight Breeds  Campbell  Welsh Harlequin  Runner ◦ High egg production ◦ Excellent foragers ◦ Poor to Fair mothers ◦ Flightier & Fliers
  69. 69. Campbell  250 – 340 eggs per year  White eggs  Campbells weigh 4 – 4 ½  Adaptable to a range of climates
  70. 70. Welsh Harlequin  250 – 340 eggs per year  White eggs  Campbells weigh 5 – 5 ½  Very adaptable to a range of climates
  71. 71. Indian Runner  Comes in many colors  Most active foragers  150 – 300 eggs per year  Adapted to harse conditions
  72. 72. Medium-weight Breeds  Ancona  Cayuga  Orpington  Swedish ◦ Dual purpose – eggs & meat ◦ Moderately fast growth rate ◦ Good foragers ◦ Fair to Good mothers
  73. 73. Ancona  210 – 290 eggs per year  Eggs white, tinted, blue, green or spotted  Magpie weighs 6 – 7 pounds  Best foragers and best layers of this group
  74. 74. Cayuga  American breed  Dual purpose farm duck  100 – 150 eggs per year  Eggs light grey, blue, green, or white  Weighs 7 – 8 pounds
  75. 75. Orpington  a.k.a “Buff”  Excellent dual purpose bird  150 – 220 eggs per year  Eggs white or tinted  Weighs 7 – 8 pounds
  76. 76. Swedish  100 – 150 eggs per year  Eggs white, tinted, blue, or green  Weighs 7 – 8 pounds
  77. 77. Heavy-weight Breeds  Appleyard  Aylesbury  Muscovy  Pekin  Rouen  Saxony – Meat production – Rapid weight gain – Moderate layers – Calm temperaments – Home bodies if well fed – Variable mothering ability
  78. 78. Silver Appleyard  Most active foragers and best layers of the Heavyweight breeds  Produce more flavored meat with less fat  200 – 270 eggs per year  Eggs white  Weighs 8 – 9 pounds
  79. 79. Aylesbury  35 – 125 eggs per year  Eggs white, tinted, or green  9 – 10 pounds  White skinned
  80. 80. Muscovy  50 – 125 eggs per year  Weight: 7 – 12  Fly and roost  Quiet breed – don’t quack  Broody  Aggressive in crowded conditions; claws.  Meat is lean; can resemble beef or ham  Living wild relatives, native to Mexico, Central & South America.
  81. 81. Pekin  125 – 225 eggs per year  9 – 10 pounds  Popular market duck since arriving from China  Hardy, rapid growth rate, high feed efficiency  Calm temperament
  82. 82. Rouen  35 – 125 eggs per year  9 – 10 pounds  Excellent roaster  Production & exhibition strains

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