By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez                                                                          Autodesk Land Desktop Tu...
By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez                                                                   Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials...
By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez                                                                             Autodesk Land Desktop...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                     ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬      ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                       ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬    ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                          ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                      ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬     ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                      ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬     ...
By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez                                               Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials                    ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                            ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬               ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                   ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬        ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                   ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬        ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                        ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬   ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                    ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬       ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                            ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                             ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                   ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬        ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                      ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬     ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                   ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬        ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                           ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                            ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                           ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                       ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬    ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                              ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorial...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                 ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬          ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                       ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬    ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                           ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                        ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫آ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                   ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬        ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                           ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                               ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬            ...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                           ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                             ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials...
‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬                                                        ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬   ...
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Autodesk land desktop_tutorials
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Autodesk land desktop_tutorials

1,409 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,409
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
154
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Autodesk land desktop_tutorials

  1. 1. By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials Table of Contents ‫ﻓﻬﺮس اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﻳﺎت‬7 ............................................................ Lesson 1: Working with Projects ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻷول: اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳﻊ‬7 ......................................................... Creating a New Drawing and Project ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺸﺮوع و رﺳﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬8 .....................................................................Setting Up the Point Database ‫ﺿﺒﻂ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬9 .................................................................................. Setting Up the New Drawing ‫إﻋﺪاد رﺳﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬14 ............................................. Reviewing the Project Directory Structure ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺮاض ﻣﺠﻠﺪات اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬15 ............................................. Lesson 2: Changing Project Settings ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ: ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع‬15 ..... Copying a Project and Re-associating the Current Drawing ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﻣﺸﺮوع و إﻋﺎدة رﺑﻂ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ‬17 ................................................... Changing Drawing Setup Parameters ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺿﻮاﺑﻂ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬20 ................................................................................ Editing Drawing Settings ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬22 ..................................................... Lesson 3: Working with Point Objects ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ: اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬22 ........................................................................................... Listing Point Objects ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺮاض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬23 ........................................ Inserting Points from the Point Database ‫إدراج ﻧﻘﺎط ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬25 .............................................................................. Changing Point Elevations ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬27 ....................................................... Changing Point Display Properties ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬28 .......................................................... Changing Point Markers and Text ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و اﻟﻨﺺ‬31 ........................................ Controlling Point Display by Layer ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎت‬32 .............................................................................. Lesson 4:Creating Points ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ: إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط‬32 ................................................................................... Creating Points Manually ‫إﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻳﺪوﻳﺎ‬33 .............................. Specifying Automatic Elevations and Descriptions ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب و وﺻﻒ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻲ‬34 ............................................... Creating Points in the Points Database ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط داﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت‬36 ........................................................................... Placing Points on an Object ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ آﺎﺋﻦ‬36 ................................................... Placing Points Along an Alignment ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻮل ﺧﻂ اﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬37 .......................................................................... Placing Points on a Surface ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ‬39 ............................................................................ Lesson5: Editing Points ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ: ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬39 ................................................................................... Selecting Points to Edit ‫اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ‬41 .......................................................................................... Unlocking Points ‫إزاﻟﺔ اﻟﺤﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬42 ..........................................................................Editing Point Datum ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﻘﺎرﻧﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬43 ............................ Editing Points with AutoCAD Commands AutoCAD ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام أواﻣﺮ اﻟـ‬44 .............................................................................................Using Check Points ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬46 ....................................... Lesson 6: Working with Point Groups ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺴﺎدس: اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬46 ..................................................................................... Creating a Point Group ‫ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻧﻘﺎط‬ Creating a Point Group Using the Raw Desc ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻧﻘﺎط ﺟﺪﻳﺪة ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ﺗﻄﺎﺑﻖ اﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬47 .......................................................................................................................... Matching Tab49 .............................................. Applying Overrides to Point Groups ‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ اﻟﻬﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬51 ............................................................................... Updating Point Groups ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬53 ................................................... Organizing Points by Descriptions ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ: ﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬53 .................................................................. Creating a Description Key File ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻠﻒ ﻣﻔﺘﺎح وﺻﻒ‬55 ................................................................................ Creating Description Keys ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﻔﺘﺎح وﺻﻒ‬57 ....................................................................................... Creating a Label Style ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﺴﻖ اﻟﻌﻨﻮان‬59 ......................................................Inserting Points with Description Keys ‫إدراج ﻧﻘﺎط ﺑﻤﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ وﺻﻒ‬60 ...... Lesson 8: Importing Points from an ASCII Text File ‫ اﻟﻨﺼﻲ‬ASCII ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ: اﺳﺘﻴﺮاد ﻧﻘﺎط ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻒ‬60 .......................................................................... Creating a Point File Format ‫إﻧﺸﺎء هﻴﺌﺔ ﻟﻤﻠﻒ ﻧﻘﺎط‬63 ................................................... Importing an ASCII Text Point File ‫ ﻧﺼﻲ‬ASCII ‫اﺳﺘﻴﺮاد ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﻘﺎط‬ Lesson 9: Labeling Lines, Curves, Spirals ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ: ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﺨﻄﻮط و اﻟﻤﻨﺤﻨﻴﺎت و اﻷﺷﻜﺎل اﻟﺤﻠﺰوﻧﻴﺔ و اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬66 .................................................................................................................................. and Points66 ............................................................................... Changing Label Settings ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻌﻨﻮﻧﺔ‬68 ........................................................................... Labeling Lines and Points ‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﺨﻄﻮط و اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬71 ................................................ Changing a Label Attached to an Object ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ اﻟﻌﻨﻮان اﻟﻤﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﻜﺎﺋﻦ‬73 ... Lesson 10: Creating Label Styles for Lines and Points ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ: إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﺴﻖ اﻟﻌﻨﻮﻧﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻄﻮط و اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬73 ........................................................ Creating a New Line Label Style ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﺴﻖ ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻠﺨﻄﻮط‬76 ........................................................................................................... Labeling a Line ‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ ﺧﻂ‬ -3-
  2. 2. By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials77 ..........................................................Creating a New Point Label Style ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﺴﻖ ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎط‬79 ........................................................................................................ Labeling a Point ‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‬82 Lesson 11: Creating Tag Labels and Object Tables ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺤﺎدي ﻋﺸﺮ: إﻧﺸﺎء ﺑﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ و ﺟﺪاول ﻟﻠﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎت‬82 .................................................................... Creating a New Tag Style ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﺴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﺒﻄﺎﻗﺔ اﻟﻌﻨﻮﻧﺔ‬83 .................................................................... Labeling Objects with Tags ‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎت ﺑﺒﻄﺎﻗﺔ ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ‬84 ..................................................................................... Creating a Line Table ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﺟﺪول ﻟﻠﺨﻄﻮط‬87 ...................................................................................... Creating a Point Table ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﺟﺪول ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎط‬91 ........................................... Updating (Re-drawing) an Object Table ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺚ )إﻋﺎدة ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ( ﺟﺪول‬92 ............................................................................ Understanding Table Objects ‫ﻓﻬﻢ اﻟﺠﺪول آﻜﺎﺋﻦ‬96 ... Lesson 12: Working with the Terrain Model Explorer‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﺸﺮ: اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺴﺘﻜﺸﻒ ﻧﻤﻮذج اﻷرض‬96 .................................................................... Creating a New Surface Folder ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ﻟﺴﻄﺢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬97 ........................................................................................Adding Point Data ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬98 .......................................................................... Adding Contour Data ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺧﻄﻮط آﻨﺘﻮر‬99 .................................................. Adding Breakline Data from Points ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺧﻂ اﻧﻜﺴﺎر ﻣﻦ ﻧﻘﺎط‬102 ............. Adding Breakline Data from 3D Polylines ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺧﻂ اﻧﻜﺴﺎر ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻌﺪد ﺧﻄﻮط ﺛﻼﺛﻲ اﻷﺑﻌﺎد‬103 ..................... Adding Breakline Data from 2D Polylines ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺧﻂ اﻧﻜﺴﺎر ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻌﺪد ﺧﻄﻮط ﺛﻨﺎﺋﻲ اﻷﺑﻌﺎد‬105 ............................................................. Adding Surface Boundary Data ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺣﺪود اﻟﺴﻄﺢ‬106 .....................................................................................................Building a Surface ‫ﺑﻨﺎء ﺳﻄﺢ‬108 ............................................................ Lesson 13: Editing Surfaces ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻋﺸﺮ: ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻷﺳﻄﺢ‬108 ................................................................ Identifying Triangulation Problems ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺸﺎآﻞ اﻟﺘﺜﻠﻴﺚ‬109 .......................................................................... Adding Points to the Surface ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﻧﻘﺎط ﻟﻠﺴﻄﺢ‬110 .............................................. Adding and Deleting TIN Lines ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺔ أو ﺣﺬف ﺧﻄﻮط ﻣﻦ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ اﻟﻤﺜﻠﺜﺎت‬111 ................................................................................... Flipping TIN Faces ‫ﻗﻠﺐ أوﺟﻪ ﺷﺒﻜﺔ اﻟﻤﺜﻠﺜﺎت‬113 ................................................................. Applying Surface Edit History ‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﺳﺠﻞ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻟﺴﻄﺢ‬114 .......................................................... Lesson 14: Creating Contours ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ: إﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮر‬114 ................................................................................................. Creating Contours ‫إﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮر‬115 .................................................................. Creating a New Contour Style ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﺴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻠﻜﻨﺘﻮر‬118 ................................................................. Applying a New Contour Style ‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻧﺴﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﻠﻜﻨﺘﻮر‬119 ........................................................................... Labeling Contours (‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮر )إدراج اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ‬121 .......................................................................... Converting Contour Objects ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻞ آﺎﺋﻦ اﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮر‬122 ................................................................................................... Editing Contours ‫ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ اﻟﻜﻨﺘﻮر‬124 ................................................... Lesson 15: Generating Sections ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ ﻋﺸﺮ: ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬124 ...... Defining and Processing Sections From Single Surface ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ و ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ واﺣﺪ‬125 ........................................ Importing Sections From Single Surface ‫اﺳﺘﻴﺮاد اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺳﻄﺢ واﺣﺪ‬126 .. Creating and Processing Sections from Multiple Surfaces ‫إﻧﺸﺎء و ﻣﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﻦ أﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة‬127 ..................................Importing Sections From Multiple Surfaces ‫اﺳﺘﻴﺮاد اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت ﻣﻦ أﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة‬127 .................................................................... Viewing Dynamic Sections ‫ﻣﺸﺎهﺪة اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺮآﺔ‬130 ..................................................... Lesson 16: Visualizing Surfaces ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺴﺎدس ﻋﺸﺮ: ﺗﺼﻮر اﻟﺴﻄﺢ‬130 ........................................................................ Creating Elevation Banding ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻄﺎﻗﺎت اﻻرﺗﻔﺎع‬132 ......................................... Viewing Surfaces in the Object Viewer ‫ﻣﺸﺎهﺪة اﻷﺳﻄﺢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺎهﺪ اﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎت‬133 ................................. Using Object Viewer Navigation Tools ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام أدوات اﻟﻤﻼﺣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺎهﺪ اﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎت‬134 ............................................................ Delineating Watershed Areas ‫ﺗﺨﻄﻴﻂ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺎت ﻣﺠﺎري اﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ‬138 .........................................Lesson 17: Calculating Site Volumes ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ: ﺣﺴﺎب آﻤﻴﺎت ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬138 .................................................................... Defining a Stratum and a Site ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ و اﻟﻤﻮﻗﻊ‬141 ................................................................... Calculating Grid Volumes ‫ﺣﺴﺎب اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ‬144 ..................................................... Calculating Composite Volumes ‫ﺣﺴﺎب اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻤﺮآﺒﺎت‬146 ............................................. Calculating Section Method Volumes ‫ﺣﺴﺎب اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ اﻟﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت‬148 .........................................................................Viewing the Volume Report ‫ﻣﺸﺎهﺪة ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮ اﻟﻜﻤﻴﺎت‬149 ..................................................................... Calculating Parcel Volumes ‫ﺣﺴﺎب آﻤﻴﺔ ﻗﻄﻌﺔ أرض‬151 ................................................... Generating Cut and Fill Contours ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻄﻮط آﻨﺘﻮر ﻟﻠﺤﻔﺮ و اﻟﺮدم‬153 ..................................................... Generating Grid Ticks and Labels ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ و اﻟﻌﻨﻮﻧﺔ‬155 . Lesson 18: Drawing Tangents, Curves, and Spirals ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﺸﺮ: رﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻤﺎس و اﻟﻤﻨﺤﻨﻰ و اﻟﺤﻠﺰون‬155 ................................................................................................... Drawing Tangents ‫رﺳﻢ ﻣﻤﺎس‬ -4-
  3. 3. By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials156 .................................................................................................... Drawing Curves ‫رﺳﻢ ﻣﻨﺤﻨﻴﺎت‬157 ...................................................................................................... Drawing Spirals ‫رﺳﻢ ﺣﻠﺰون‬158 ........................................................................ Working with Speed Tables ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﺠﺪاول اﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ‬162 ................................................ Attaching Multiple Alignment Objects ‫رﺑﻂ ﻋﺪة آﺎﺋﻨﺎت ﺧﻄﻮط اﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬164 ............... Lesson 19: Defining and Editing Alignments ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ: ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ و ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺧﻄﻮط اﻻﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬164 ........................................ Defining an Alignment from a Polyline ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺧﻂ اﻧﺤﻴﺎز ﻣﻦ ﻣﺘﻌﺪد ﺧﻄﻮط‬165 .............................................. Defining an Alignment from Objects ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺧﻂ اﻧﺤﻴﺎز ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪة آﺎﺋﻨﺎت‬167 ........................................... Viewing and Editing Alignment Data ‫ﻣﺸﺎهﺪة و ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺧﻂ اﻻﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬169 ................................................................Generating Alignment Reports ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺗﻘﺎرﻳﺮ ﻟﺨﻂ اﻻﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬ Lesson 20: Creating Alignment Stationing and Offsets ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﻌﺸﺮون: إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺤﻄﺎت و إزاﺣﺔ ﻟﺨﻂ اﻻﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬171 .................................................................................................................................................171 .......................................................................... Changing Station Settings ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻤﺤﻄﺔ‬173 ........................................................... Generating Alignment Stationing ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﺤﻄﺎت ﺧﻂ اﻻﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬176 ..................................................................................................... Creating Offsets ‫إﻧﺸﺎء إزاﺣﺔ‬ -5-
  4. 4. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ هﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎت اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺪروس و اﻟﺘﻲ هﻲ ﻣﺮﻓﻘﺔ ﻣﻊ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺗﺘﻌﺮض ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ اﻟﺪروس و ﻓﻲ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺎدة اﻟﻨﺴﺨﺔ اﻻﺣﺘﻴﺎﻃﻴﺔ و ﻧﺴﺨﻬﺎ إﻟﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳﻊ و هﻲ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺎر اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ:‬ ‫‪C:Program FilesLand Desktop 2006Landtut‬‬ ‫ﻓﺈذا آﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ أﺟﺮﻳﺖ درس ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ و ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﺗﻄﺒـﻴـﻘﻪ ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﻨﺴﺦ ﻣﻠﻔﺎﺗﻪ إﻟﻲ هﺬا اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ 6002 ‪Land Projects‬‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻲ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺗﺘﺎﺑﻊ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ إﺟﺮاء اﻟﺪرس ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ.‬ ‫-6-‬
  5. 5. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻷول: اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳﻊ ‪Lesson 1: Working with Projects‬‬ ‫أول ﻣﺎ ﻳﺠﺐ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻪ هﻮ أن اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪ Drawings‬ﻳﺠﺐ أن ﻳﻜﻮن ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﻤﺸﺮوع ‪ Project‬و اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻟﺤﻔﻆ اﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻜﻮن رﺳﻮﻣﺎت أو ﻧﻘﺎط أو أﺳﻄﺢ أو ﺧﻂ أﻧﺎﺑﻴﺐ أو أرﺻﺎد ﻣﺴﺎﺣﻴﺔ.‬ ‫إن ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﻻ ﺗﺤﻔﻆ داﺧﻞ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪ Drawing‬و ﻟﻜﻦ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺪات ‪ Folders‬ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ داﺧﻞ اﻟﻨﻈﺎم.‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس:‬ ‫1- ﻗﻢ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Workspaces‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Land Desktop‬ﻟﺘﻌﺮض ﻗﻮاﺋﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺸﺮوع و رﺳﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪Creating a New Drawing and Project‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ آﻴﻔﻴﺔ إﻧﺸﺎء رﺳﻢ ‪ Drawing‬و ﻣﺸﺮوع ‪ Project‬ﺟﺪﻳﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﻴﻦ ﺑﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﻟﺤﻔﻆ اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ File‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.New‬‬ ‫2- أدﺧﻞ 1_‪ Lesson‬أﻣﺎم اﻻﺳﻢ ‪) Name‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 1(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 1‬‫ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟـ ‪ Project and Drawing Location‬ﺗﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ أن اﻟﻤﺴﺎر هﻮ 6002 ‪) Land Projects‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 1( ﺛﻢ‬ ‫3-‬‫أﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Create Project‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Project Details‬ﻹدﺧﺎل ﺗﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 2(.‬‫ﻣﻦ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Initial Settings for New Drawings‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر )‪ Default (Meters‬ﻣﻦ أﻣﺎم ‪) Prototype‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫4-‬ ‫2(.‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Project Information‬ادﺧﻞ 1_‪ Project‬أﻣﺎم ‪ Name‬آﺎﺳﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 2(.‬ ‫5-‬ ‫ادﺧﻞ ‪ Project for Exploring Land Desktop Startup‬أﻣﺎم ‪ Description‬آﻮﺻﻒ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع و ادﺧﻞ‬ ‫6-‬ ‫‪ Training‬أﻣﺎم ‪ Keywords‬آﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺸﺮوع )أﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 2(.‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Drawing Path for this Project‬ﺗﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪) Project "DWG" Folder‬أﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 2(.‬ ‫7-‬ ‫-7-‬
  6. 6. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 2‬ ‫8- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﺘﺮﺟﻊ إﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.New Drawing: Project Based‬‬ ‫9- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Select Drawing Template‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ Browse‬و اذهﺐ إﻟﻰ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ اﻟﻘﻮاﻟﺐ ‪ Template folder‬و‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎرﻩ اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻲ هﻮ:‬‫‪C:Program FilesLand Desktop 2006Template‬‬ ‫و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻘﻮاﻟﺐ ‪ Template list‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪) aec_m.dwt‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 1(.‬ ‫01- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Project and Drawing Location‬ﺗﺄآﺪ أن ‪ Project Name‬ﺗﻌﺮض 1_‪ Project‬و أن ‪Drawing‬‬ ‫‪ Path‬هﻮ ‪) Land Projects 2006 Project_1dwg‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 1(.‬ ‫11- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ OK‬ﻹﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ.‬ ‫ﺿﺒﻂ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Setting Up the Point Database‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ آﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﻀﻮاﺑﻂ ‪ Parameters‬ﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط.‬ ‫1- ﺑﻌﺪ إﻧﺸﺎء ﻣﺸﺮوع ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﻮف ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Create Point Database‬ﻹﻧﺸﺎء ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺟﺪﻳﺪة، ﺗﺄآﺪ أن‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ أﻣﺎم ‪ Point Description Field Size‬هﻲ 23 ﺣﺮف )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 3(.‬ ‫2- ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪ Use Point Names‬ﺛﻢ ﺗﺄآﺪ أن اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ أﻣﺎم ‪ Point Name Field Size‬هﻲ 61 ﺣﺮف )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 3(.‬ ‫3- أﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻤﺮار.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 3‬ ‫-8-‬
  7. 7. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫إﻋﺪاد رﺳﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ‪Setting Up the New Drawing‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻢ آﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ اﻟﻀﻮاﺑﻂ ‪ Parameters‬ﻟﺘﻨﺴﻴﻖ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ.‬‫1- ﺑﻌﺪ ﺿﺒﻂ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﻧﻘﺎط اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺳﻮف ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮاري ﻟﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ اﻹﻋﺪادات ‪ Load Settings‬ﻓﺘﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ أن اﻟﻤﺴﺎر‬ ‫‪ Path‬هﻮ ‪) Program FilesLand Desktop 2006DataSetup‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 4(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 4‬ ‫2- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Load a Drawing Setup Profile‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Profile Name‬اﺧﺘﺮ )005:1 ,‪m500.set (Metric‬‬ ‫)اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 4( ﺛﻢ أﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪ View‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪) View Drawing Setup Profile‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 5(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 5‬ ‫-9-‬
  8. 8. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﻻﺣﻆ ﻓﻲ )ﺷﻜﻞ 5( أن ‪ Coordinate Zone‬و ‪ Text Style‬و ‪ Drawing Border‬ﻳﺤﺘﺎﺟﻮا ﻟﻠﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻟﻬﺬا اﻟﺮﺳﻢ آﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ.‬ ‫3- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻠﺮﺟﻮع إﻟﻰ ‪ Load Settings‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Load‬ﻟﻜﻲ ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﺤﻤﻴﻞ ‪.m500 Profile‬‬ ‫4- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Next‬ﻟﻜﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻟﻮﺣﺪات ‪ Units‬و ﺗﺘﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺿﺒﻂ اﻟﻮﺣﺪات )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 6(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 6‬ ‫5- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Next‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎس ‪ Scale‬و اﻟﺘﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺿﺒﻂ اﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎس )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 7(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 7‬‫ﻣﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻷﻓﻘﻲ ‪ Horizontal Scale‬ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻲ إدراج اﻟﻜﺘﻞ اﻟﺮﺳﻮﻣﻴﺔ ‪ (Block Insertion) Drawing Block‬و ﻣﻘﺎس اﻟﻨﺺ‬‫‪ Text Size‬اﻟﺬي ﻳﻨﺸﺄ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ، أﻣﺎ اﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﺮأﺳﻲ ‪ Vertical Scale‬ﻳﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺪار اﻟﻤﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻲ ‪Default Vertical‬‬ ‫‪ Exaggeration‬ﻟﻠﻘﻄﺎﻋﺎت اﻟﻌﺮﺿﻴﺔ و اﻟﻄﻮﻟﻴﺔ ‪ Profiles and Cross Sections‬اﻟﻤﻨﺸﺄة ﺑﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Civil Design‬‬ ‫6- اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Next‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻟﻨﻄﺎق ‪) Zone‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 8(.‬ ‫- 01 -‬
  9. 9. By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials 8 ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ اﺧﺘﺮ‬Available Coordinate Systems ‫ ﺛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬UTM, NAD 83 Datum ‫ اﺧﺘﺮ‬Categories ‫7- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬ .(8 ‫ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ‬UTM with NAD 83 Datum, Zone 11, Meter; Central Meridian 117d W .(9 ‫ و اﻟﺘﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺿﺒﻂ إﻋﺪاداﺗﻪ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ‬Orientation ‫ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻟﺘﻮﺟﻴﻪ‬Next ‫8- اﺿﻐﻂ‬ 9 ‫ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫ اﺧﺘﺮ‬Style Set Name ‫، ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ‬Text Style ‫ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار ﻧﺴﻖ اﻟﻨﺺ‬Next ‫9- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ .(10 ‫ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ‬mleroy ‫ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﻤﻴﻞ ﻧﺴﻖ اﻟﻨﺺ‬Load ‫ ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬mleroy.stp - 11 -
  10. 10. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 01‬ ‫01- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Select Current Style‬اﺧﺘﺮ 001‪) L‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 01(.‬ ‫11- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Next‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻹﻃﺎر ‪) Border‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 11(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 11‬‫21- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Border Selection‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Scaled Block‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Browse‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪Select a‬‬ ‫‪) Custom Block‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 11(.‬ ‫31- ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ أﺧﺘﺮ ‪) pm_841x594.dwg‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 21( ﺛﻢ أﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Open‬ﻟﻠﺮﺟﻮع إﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻹﻃﺎر‬ ‫‪.Border‬‬ ‫- 21 -‬
  11. 11. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 21‬ ‫41- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Next‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار ﺣﻔﻆ اﻹﻋﺪادات ‪.Save Settings‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 31‬ ‫إذا آﻨﺖ ﺗﻮد ﺣﻔﻆ اﻹﻋﺪادات ﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻼ ﻓﻲ رﺳﻮﻣﺎت ‪ Drawings‬أﺧﺮى، ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺈدﺧﺎل اﺳﻢ أﻣﺎم ‪ Profile Name‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) Save‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 31(.‬ ‫51- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Finish‬ﻟﺘﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ إﻋﺪاد اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪.Drawing Setup‬‬ ‫61- ﺳﻮف ﺗﻈﻬﺮ أﻣﺎﻣﻚ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﻹﻋﺪادات اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎرهﺎ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎ.‬ ‫- 31 -‬
  12. 12. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 41‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺮاض ﻣﺠﻠﺪات اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ‪Reviewing the Project Directory Structure‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﻣﺠﻠﺪات اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ‪ Directory Structure‬ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ ® ‪.Windows Explorer‬‬ ‫1- ﻗﻢ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ® ‪ Windows Explorer‬و اذهﺐ إﻟﻲ 6002 ‪.Land Projects‬‬ ‫2- أﻓﺘﺢ اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ 6002 ‪ Land Projects‬و اﺳﺘﻌﺮض ﻣﺠﻠﺪات اﻟﻤﺸﺎرﻳﻊ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﺪاﺧﻠﻪ.‬ ‫3- أﻓﺘﺢ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع 1_‪ Project‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪات ﺑﺪاﺧﻠﻪ و اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺤﻔﻆ آﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻋﻦ اﻷﺧﺮ.‬‫آﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺗﺤﻔﻆ داﺧﻞ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ اﻟـ ‪ COGO‬ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻠﻔﺎت )‪ Microsoft® database (.mdb‬و اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺤﻮي ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Point‬‬ ‫‪ Groups‬و ﻣﻔﺎﺗﻴﺢ اﻟﻮﺻﻒ ‪.Description Keys‬‬ ‫أﻣﺎ ﻣﺠﻠﺪ ‪ DWG‬ﻓﻴﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻮﻣﺎت ‪ Drawing‬و اﻟﺘﻲ هﻲ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺔ ﺑﻬﺬا اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع و أﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﻠﻔﺎت ‪ .dfm‬و اﻟﺘﻲ هﻲ ﻣﻠﻔﺎت ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮع ‪ ASCII text‬و ﺗﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻰ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻴﺔ ‪.Default Drawing Settings‬‬ ‫ﻣﺠﻠﺪ اﻟـ ‪ SURVEY‬ﻳﺤﺘﻮي ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻠﻔﺎت اﻟـ ‪ Raw‬اﻟﻤﺤﻤﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻷﺟﻬﺰة اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﻴﺔ ‪ Data Collectors‬و ‪ Field Book‬و‬ ‫‪ Observation Database‬و ‪ ، Traverse Adjustment Files‬و ﻳﺒﻘﻰ هﺬا اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ﻓﺎرﻏﺎ إﻟﻰ أن ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫‪.Autodesk Survey‬‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪات ‪ Folders‬ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ‪ Autodesk Land Desktop‬ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻷﺳﻄﺢ ‪ Surfaces‬ﻓﻴﺘﻢ إﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ DTM‬و اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ALIGN‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟـ ‪ Alignments‬و اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ Lots‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟـ ‪ Parcels‬و اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ ER‬ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟـ ‪.Volumes‬‬ ‫و اﻟﻤﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪات ‪ Folders‬ﺗﻨﺸﺄ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم ‪ Autodesk Civil Design‬ﻓﻴﻨﺸﺄ اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ PIPEWKS‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟـ ‪ Pipes‬و اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ HD‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟـ ‪ Hydrology‬و اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪ ‪ CD‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟـ ‪.Sheet Manager‬‬ ‫- 41 -‬
  13. 13. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ: ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ‪Lesson 2: Changing Project Settings‬‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس ﺑﻨﺴﺦ ﻣﺸﺮوع ﻻﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎل ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺗﻪ ﻣﻊ رﺳﻮﻣﺎت أﺧﺮى ﺛﻢ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﺘﺤﺪد ﺣﻮاﺷﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة و آﻴﻔﻴﺔ إﻧﺸﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎت و اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﺎت اﻟﺤﺴﺎﺑﻴﺔ.‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس:‬ ‫1- ﻗﻢ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Workspaces‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Land Desktop‬ﻟﺘﻌﺮض ﻗﻮاﺋﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺦ ﻣﺸﺮوع و إﻋﺎدة رﺑﻂ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ ‪Copying a Project and Re-associating the Current Drawing‬‬‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﻨﺴﺦ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع إﻟﻰ ﻣﺸﺮوع ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺣﻴﺚ أن ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻬﺎﻣﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ و ﻟﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﻔﻆ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻣﻠﻔﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع و ﻟﺬا ﻳﺠﺐ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻧﺴﺨﺔ أﺧﺮي ﻣﻦ هﺬا اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع.‬ ‫أﻳﻀﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻧﺴﺦ أي ﻣﺸﺮوع ﻧﺸﻂ أو اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ و ﻟﻨﺴﺦ ﻣﺸﺮوع ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺸﻐﻴﻞ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ Land Desktop‬و ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺸﺮوع ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ رﺳﻢ أو ﻣﺸﺮوع ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ …‪ Project Mgr‬و اﺳﺘﺨﺪم ﺧﻴﺎر اﻟﻨﺴﺦ ‪.Copy Option‬‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Project Manager‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Project Management‬‬ ‫2- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Project‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Name‬أﺧﺘﺮ 1‪ Tutorial‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Copy‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪) Copy‬اﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 51(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 51‬ ‫3- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Copy Project To‬أدﺧﻞ ‪ TutorialC‬أﻣﺎم ‪) Name‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 61(.‬ ‫- 51 -‬
  14. 14. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 61‬ ‫4- ادﺧﻞ ‪ Building site - Northwest corner‬أﻣﺎم ‪ Description‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 61(.‬ ‫إن اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮخ ﻟﻪ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﻤﺠﻠﺪات و اﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎت آﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع اﻷﺻﻠﻲ.‬ ‫5- ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ أﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Yes‬ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ رواﺑﻂ اﻟﺮﺳﻮﻣﺎت إﻟﻰ اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 71(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 71‬ ‫6- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Close‬ﻟﺘﻐﻠﻖ ﺻﻨﺪوق ﺣﻮار اﻟـ ‪.Project Management‬‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻣﻠﻒ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪.Lesson-2.dwg‬‬ ‫7- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ ،File‬اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Open‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Open Drawing: Project Based‬‬ ‫8- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Project Name‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ ،TutorialC‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Select Project Drawing‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Lesson-2.dwg‬ﺛﻢ‬ ‫اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 81(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 81‬ ‫- 61 -‬
  15. 15. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺿﻮاﺑﻂ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪Changing Drawing Setup Parameters‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﻘـﻴﺎس اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻷﻓﻘﻲ و ﺳﺘﺮى آﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﺮ ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﻨﺺ، ﻓﻲ هــﺬﻩ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﻘـﻴﺎس اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻷﻓــــﻘﻲ هـــﻮ‬‫005:1، و وﺣﺪة ارﺗﻔﺎع اﻟﻨﺺ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺴﻖ ‪ 2MM‬ﺗﺴﺎوي 1 ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ، و ﻣﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻟﻤﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﺮﺳﻢ 005:1 هﻮ 2 و وﺣﺪات اﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻠﻠﻴﻤﺘﺮ، و ﻳﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ هﺬا أن ﻧﺴﻖ اﻟﻨﺺ ‪ 2MM‬ﺳﻴﺘﻢ ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﺑﺎرﺗﻔﺎع 2 ﻣﻢ.‬ ‫1- ﻓﻲ ﺳﻄﺮ اﻷواﻣﺮ ‪ Command Line‬اآﺘﺐ ‪ ST‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Text Style‬‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Style Name‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ 2MM‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟـ ‪ Font‬أدﺧﻞ 1 أﻣﺎم اﻟـ ‪ Height‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Apply‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪Close‬‬ ‫ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻤﺮار )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 91(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 91‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﺮﺳﻢ إﻟﻰ 0001:1.‬ ‫3- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺧﺘﺮ‪ Drawing Setup‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Drawing Setup‬‬‫4- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Scale‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Drawing Scale‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Horizontal‬اﺧﺘﺮ 0001:1 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪OK‬‬ ‫)اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 02(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 02‬ ‫- 71 -‬
  16. 16. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫5- ﻓﻲ ﺳﻄﺮ اﻷواﻣﺮ ‪ Command Line‬اآﺘﺐ ‪ ST‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Text Style‬ﻣﺮة‬ ‫أﺧﺮى.‬ ‫6- ﺗﺄآﺪ أن اﻟـ ‪ Height‬ﻟﻠﻨﺴﻖ ‪ 2MM‬هﻮ 2 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Cancel‬ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻤﺮار )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 12(.‬ ‫إن ﻣﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﻘﻴﺎس 0001:1 هﻮ 1 و وﺣﺪات اﻟﻄﺒﺎﻋﺔ هﻲ اﻟﻤﻠﻠﻴﻤﺘﺮ، ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﺳﻴﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ هﺬا ﻃﺒﺎﻋﺔ اﻟﻨﺴﻖ ‪ 2MM‬ﺑﺎرﺗﻔﺎع‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺺ ﻣﻘﺪارﻩ 2، ﻣﻘﻴﺎس اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﻤﻌﻴﻦ ﻟﻨﺴﻖ اﻟﻨﺺ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻣﻊ آﻞ أﻧﺴﺎق اﻟﺨﻄﻮط اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪Land‬‬ ‫‪.Desktop‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 12‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ دﻗﺔ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ إﻟﻲ 1.‬ ‫7- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Drawing Setup‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Drawing Setup‬‬ ‫8- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ ،Units‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Display Precision‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Elevation‬اﺧﺘﺮ 1، ﺛﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪Samples‬‬ ‫ﺗﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﻤﻮذج اﻟﻤﻌﺮوض )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 22(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 22‬ ‫إن هﺬا اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻳﺘﻢ إدﺧﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ إﺟﺮاؤﻩ و ﻻ ﻳﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ اﻟﻤﺪﺧﻠﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ.‬ ‫- 81 -‬
  17. 17. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ اﻷﺻﻞ و زاوﻳﺔ اﻟﺪوران ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ.‬ ‫9- ﻣﻦ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻣﺮﺑﻊ اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Drawing Setup‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ ،Orientation‬ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Base Point‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫>>‪ Pick‬و اﺳﺘﺨﺪم ‪ Node Osnap‬ﻟﺘﺨﺘﺎر اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 01.‬ ‫01- ﺑﻌﺪ اﻟﺘﻘﺎط اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 01 ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺳﻴﻈﻬﺮ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Drawing Setup‬ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى، ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪Northing and‬‬ ‫‪ Easting‬ادﺧﻞ 0005 ﻟﻠـ ‪ Northing‬و 0005 ﻟﻠـ ‪.Easting‬‬ ‫11- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ North Rotation‬ادﺧﻞ 0542.31 أﻣﺎم ‪ Angle‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 32(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 32‬ ‫21- ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ، اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻤﺮار.‬ ‫31- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Utilities‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Symbol Manager‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Symbol Manager‬‬ ‫41- ﺗﺄآﺪ ﻣﻦ أن اﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪ COGO Metric Symbols‬ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ ،Symbol Set‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Palette‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Details‬ﺛﻢ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﺮ ‪) North Arrow‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 42( ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 42‬ ‫51- ﺣﺪد ﻣﻜﺎن ﻟﻌﺮض اﺗﺠﺎﻩ اﻟﺸﻤﺎل ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﻟﺘﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻴﺔ ‪ Magnetic‬آﻮﺻﻒ ‪.Description‬‬ ‫- 91 -‬
  18. 18. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 52‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ‪Editing Drawing Settings‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﻐﻴﺮ اﻹﻋﺪادات ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ، و ﺗﺤﻔﻆ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮات إﻟﻰ ﻧﻤﻮذج ‪ Prototype‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻊ اﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮة‬ ‫ﻓﻲ رﺳﻮﻣﺎت أﺧﺮى ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Edit Drawing Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Edit Settings‬‬ ‫2- ﺗﺄآﺪ أن ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Program‬ﺗﻌﺮض ‪) Autodesk Land Desktop‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 62(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 62‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Settings‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Geodetic Labels‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) Edit Settings‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 62( ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق‬ ‫3-‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻮار ‪) Geodetic Annotation Settings‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 72(.‬ ‫ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Line Annotation‬ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻮد ‪ Az‬أزل ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر ﻣﻦ أﻣﺎم ‪ Grid‬و ‪) Ground‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 72(.‬ ‫4-‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻮد ‪ Suffix‬أدﺧﻞ ‪ m‬أﻣﺎم ‪ Grid‬و ‪ Ground‬و ‪) Geodetic‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 72(.‬ ‫5-‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﻌﻤﻮد ‪ Distance Unit‬أﺧﺘﺮ ‪ METERS‬أﻣﺎم ‪ Grid‬و ‪ Ground‬و ‪) Geodetic‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 72(.‬ ‫6-‬ ‫- 02 -‬
  19. 19. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 72‬ ‫7- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﺘﺮﺟﻊ إﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Edit Settings‬‬ ‫هﺬﻩ اﻹﻋﺪادات ‪ Settings‬ﺗﻄﺒﻖ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ، ﻓﻘﻢ ﺑﺤﻔﻈﻬﺎ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻠﻒ ﻧﻤﻮذج ‪ Prototype‬ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ اﺳﺘﺨﺪاﻣﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ‬ ‫رﺳﻮﻣﺎت أﺧﺮى ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺒﻠﻴﺔ.‬ ‫8- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Selected Item‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) Save to Prototype‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 62( ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪Select‬‬ ‫‪) Prototype‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 82(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 82‬ ‫9- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Select Prototype‬أﺧﺘﺮ )‪) DEFAULT (METERS‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 82( ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﺘﺮﺟﻊ إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Edit Settings‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.Close‬‬ ‫- 12 -‬
  20. 20. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ: اﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Lesson 3: Working with Point Objects‬‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪ ،Land Desktop‬ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ أو ﻧﻘﺎط ﻣﻘﺘﺮﺣﺔ، و ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻞ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬ ‫ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ و آﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺗﻔﺎﻋﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻊ أواﻣﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟـ ‪ AutoCAD‬ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻓﻲ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ:‬ ‫• ﻳﻤﻜﻦ إﻇﻬﺎر اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﻤﻨﺎﺳﻴﺒﻬﺎ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻴﺔ أو ﻳﻤﻜﻦ إﻇﻬﺎرهﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب ﻣﺤﺪد و ﺛﺎﺑﺖ.‬ ‫• ﻳﺘﻢ ﺣﻔﻆ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط إﻟﻰ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت ﺧﺎرﺟﻴﺔ ‪ External Database‬و ﻟﻴﺲ داﺧﻞ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ.‬ ‫• ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎط ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺗﺤﺪدهﺎ ‪ Markers‬و ﻧﺺ ‪ Text‬و آﻼهﻤﺎ ﻟﻪ ﻧﺴﻘـﻪ اﻟﺨﺎص ﺑﻪ و اﻟﺬي ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻪ، و ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أﻳﻀﺎ إﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻮﻧﺔ ‪ Label‬ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟـ ‪.Label Style‬‬‫• ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻘﺎس ﻇﻬﻮر ﻋﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪ Markers‬و اﻟﻨﺺ ‪ Text‬داﺧﻞ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﻧﺴﺒﻴﺔ ‪ Relative‬أو ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺔ أو ﺛﺎﺑﺘﺔ ‪.Absolute‬‬ ‫• ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻨﺺ ‪ Text‬و اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ‪ Marker‬اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎﺑﺾ ‪ ،Grip Editing‬و‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻳﻨﺸﺄ ﺳﻬﻢ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ آﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻳﺸﻴﺮ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 92 و ﻻﺣﻆ اﻟﻔﺮق ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ 1 و ﻧﻘﻄﺔ 2(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 92‬ ‫وﺻﻒ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪ Point Descriptions‬ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮن ﺧﺎم ‪ Raw‬أو ﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮن آﺎﻣﻼ ‪ ) Full‬آﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻲ اﻟـ‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪ Description Key‬ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎ(.‬ ‫إن اﻟﻨﺺ ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﻔﺲ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ ‪ Layer‬آﻤﺎ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت ‪ Marker‬و ﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﻋﺪادات ‪Settings‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺮدة.‬ ‫إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻓﻲ ﺻﻨﺎدﻳﻖ اﻟﺤﻮار داﺧﻞ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪهﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ هﻴﺌﺔ ‪ Northing/Easting‬أو‬ ‫•‬ ‫‪ Easting/Northing‬أو ‪ X,Y‬أو ‪.Y,X‬‬ ‫أﻣﺮ ‪ UNDO‬و هﻮ إﺣﺪى أواﻣﺮ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟـ ‪ AutoCAD‬ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط.‬ ‫•‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺗﻨﺤﺎز أو ﺗﺼﻄﻒ ﻣﻊ ﻧﻈﺎم ‪.World UCS‬‬ ‫•‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس:‬ ‫1- ﻗﻢ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ File‬أﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Open‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Open Drawing: Project Based‬‬ ‫إن اﻟﻤﺴﺎر اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻲ ﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎت اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺎر 6002 ‪ C:Land Projects‬ﻓﺈن آﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ ﻏﻴﺮت هﺬا اﻟﻤﺴﺎر أﺛﻨﺎء ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻓﻴﺠﺐ أن ﺗﻀﻊ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ اﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎر.‬ ‫3- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Project Name‬اﺧﺘﺮ 2‪ TUTORIAL‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Select Project Drawing‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪Lesson-3.dwg‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫4- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Workspaces‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Land Desktop‬ﻟﺘﻌﺮض ﻗﻮاﺋﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬ ‫اﺳﺘﻌﺮاض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Listing Point Objects‬‬ ‫إن اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺳﻢ هﻤﺎ 742 و 857، اﺳﺘﺨﺪم أﻣﺮ ‪ List‬و هﻮ إﺣﺪى أواﻣﺮ اﻟـ ‪ AutoCAD‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 742.‬ ‫- 22 -‬
  21. 21. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫1- ادﺧﻞ ‪ List‬ﻓﻲ ﺳﻄﺮ اﻷواﻣﺮ ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 742 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪) Enter‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 03(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 03‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻼﺣﻆ أن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﺒﺎرة ﻋﻦ آﺎﺋﻦ ‪ AECC_POINT‬و ﻟﻴﺴﺖ آﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ اﻟـ ‪ ،AutoCAD‬و إن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻤﻨﺴﻮﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ، آﻤﺎ أن إﺣﺪاﺛﻴﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و وﺻﻔﻬﺎ و رﻗﻤﻬﺎ و اﺳﻤﻬﺎ ﻣﺤﻔﻮﻇﻴﻦ داﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت.‬ ‫2- أﻏﻠﻖ اﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬة.‬ ‫إدراج ﻧﻘﺎط ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Inserting Points from the Point Database‬‬‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﻣﺴﺢ أو إزاﻟﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ و ﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺗﻈﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﻮدة داﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت، ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﻤﺴﺢ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ 742 و 857 و إﻋﺎدة إدراﺟﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى إﻟﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ.‬‫1- اآﺘﺐ ‪ Erase‬ﻓﻲ ﺳﻄﺮ اﻷواﻣﺮ ‪ Command Line‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ 742 و 857 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪ Enter‬ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى.‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Utilities‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Quick View‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 13‬ ‫3- ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻼﻣﺎت ‪ X‬ﻓﻲ أﻣﺎآﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﻤﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻢ إزاﻟﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 13(.‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض آﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط داﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت.‬ ‫4- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ List Points‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.List Points‬‬ ‫5- اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.List All Points‬‬ ‫6- اﺳﺘﻌﺮض اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻟﺘﺸﺎهﺪ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ 742 و 857.‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻼﺣﻆ أن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 742 ﻣﻌﺮوﺿﺔ آـ ‪ 247L‬ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ أﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻐﻠﻘﺔ أو ﻣﺤﻤﻴﺔ ‪ Locked‬و ﻓﻲ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﺔ ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺗﻌﺪﻳﻠﻬﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﺮهﺎ ‪) Unlocked‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 23(.‬ ‫- 32 -‬
  22. 22. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 23‬ ‫7- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻤﺮار.‬‫8- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ View‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Named Views‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ View‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ 1 ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ Named‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪ Set Current‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 33(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 33‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪم اﻟﺨﻄﻮة اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻹدراج اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت.‬ ‫9- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Insert Points to Drawing‬ﺛﻢ اآﺘﺐ ‪ W‬ﻟﻠﺨﻴﺎر ‪ Window‬ﺛﻢ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﺑﻬﺎ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﺎن ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ )ﺗﻘﻊ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﺎن ﻓﻲ اﻟﻨﺼﻒ اﻷﻳﻤﻦ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻨﻈﺮ اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ(.‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻼﺣﻆ ﻇﻬﻮر اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﺎن ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 43(.‬ ‫- 42 -‬
  23. 23. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 43‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Changing Point Elevations‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ إﻟﻰ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﻤﺪرﺟﺔ.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬‫2- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Insert‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Insertion Elevation‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Fixed elevation‬و ﺗﺄآﺪ أن اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ أﻣﺎم ‪Fixed‬‬ ‫‪ Elevation‬هﻲ 0 )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 53(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 53‬ ‫3- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ ،Text‬و اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Automatic Leaders‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 63(.‬ ‫- 52 -‬
  24. 24. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 63‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮة اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﺮض ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب.‬ ‫4- ادﺧﻞ ‪ List‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 857 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Enter‬ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى.‬ ‫آﻤﺎ ﺗﺮى ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ 73 ﻓﻤﺎزال اﻟـ ‪ Marker Location‬ﻳﻌﺮض .‪ ،245.51 m‬ﻓﺈﻋﺪادات اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺘﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺣﺎﻟﻴﺎ و ﻟﻜﻦ ﻳﺠﺐ إﻋﺎدة إدراج هﺬﻩ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط أو إﺟﺮاء اﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻟﻴﺘﻢ اﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 73‬ ‫5- أﻏﻠﻖ اﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬة.‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻹدراج اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﺎن ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى.‬ ‫6- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Insert Points to Drawing‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Enter‬ﻟﺘﻘﺒﻞ اﻟﺨﻴﺎر اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻲ ‪ Window‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ 742 و 857 ﻹﻋﺎدة إدراﺟﻬﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ.‬ ‫7- ﺳﺘﻈﻬﺮ رﺳﺎﻟﺔ ‪ Point in Drawing‬اﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ‪) Replace All‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 83(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 83‬ ‫- 62 -‬
  25. 25. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫8- ادﺧﻞ ‪ List‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 857 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪ Enter‬ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى.‬ ‫آﻤﺎ ﺗﺮى ﻓﻲ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ 93 ﻓﺎﻟـ ‪ Marker Location‬اﻵن ﻳﻌﺮض .‪.0 m‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 93‬ ‫9- أﻏﻠﻖ اﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬة.‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪Changing Point Display Properties‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس ﺳﻮف ﻧﻠﻘﻲ ﻧﻈﺮة ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط.‬ ‫1- اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 857، ﻗﻢ ﺑﻀﻐﻄﺔ ﻳﻤﻨﻰ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺄرة )‪ (Right click with the mouse‬و اﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪Display‬‬ ‫‪ Properties‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Display Properties‬‬ ‫2- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Reset‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Point Elevation‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Reset Point Elevation in Drawing‬و أﻳﻀﺎ‬ ‫اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Actual Elevation‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 04(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 04‬ ‫3- ادﺧﻞ ‪ List‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ آﻼ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﻴﻦ ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Enter‬ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 14(.‬ ‫- 72 -‬
  26. 26. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 14‬‫ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﻜﻞ 14 ﺳﺘﻼﺣﻆ أن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 857 أﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب ﻋﻼﻣﺘﻬﺎ ‪ The Marker‬هﻮ اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب اﻟﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﻄﺔ و هﻮ .‪ 245.51 m‬و أن‬‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 742 ﻣﺎزال ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺑﻬﺎ .‪ ،0 m‬إن اﻟﺘﻐﻴﺮات اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺘﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ اﻟﻌﺮض ﻟﻜﻞ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻟﻬﺎ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﻮري و ﻻ ﻳﻠﺰم إﻋﺎدة إدراج‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻣﺮة أﺧﺮى ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ.‬ ‫4- أﻏﻠﻖ اﻟﻨﺎﻓﺬة.‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و اﻟﻨﺺ ‪Changing Point Markers and Text‬‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت أو اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت اﻟﻤﺼﻤﻤﺔ داﺧﻞ اﻟـ ‪ ،AutoCAD‬ﻟﻮ ﻗﺮرت اﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻧﻘﺎط اﻟـ ‪ AutoCAD‬آﻌﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﻜﻨﻚ ﺿﺒﻂ ﻧﺴﻖ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت ‪ Marker Style‬ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻷﻣﺮ ‪.Ddptype‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺨﺘﺎر ﻋﻼﻣﺔ أﺧﺮى و ﺗﺮآﺐ رﻣﺰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺛﻢ ﺗﻌﻄﻲ هﺬﻩ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ View‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Named Views‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ View‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ 3 ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ Named‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪ Set Current‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫2- اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 857 ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ زر اﻟﻔﺄرة اﻷﻳﻤﻦ و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Display Properties‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق‬ ‫اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Display Properties‬‬ ‫3- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Marker‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Custom Marker Symbol‬اﺧﺘﺮ رﻣﺰ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﺮاﺑﻌﺔ ﺛﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫‪ Superimposed‬اﺧﺘﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ اﻟﺪاﺋﺮة ‪) Circle Symbol‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 24(.‬‫4- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Custom Marker Size‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Size in Absolute Units‬ﺛﻢ ادﺧﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ 2 أﻣﺎم اﻟـ ‪) Size‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 24(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 24‬ ‫ﻳﻤﻜﻨﻚ أﻳﻀﺎ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻇﻬﻮر و ﻟﻮن رﻗﻢ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب و أﻳﻀﺎ اﻟﻮﺻﻒ.‬ ‫- 82 -‬
  27. 27. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻹﺧﻔﺎء ﻇﻬﻮر اﻟﻤﻨﺴﻮب و ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻟﻮن وﺻﻒ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺣﺠﻢ اﻟﻨﺺ إﻟﻰ ﺣﺠﻢ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ.‬ ‫5- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Text‬ﺛﻢ و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Color and Visibility‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈزاﻟﺔ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ أﻣﺎم اﻟﺼﻒ ‪ Elevation‬و اﻟﻌﻤﻮد‬ ‫?‪) Visible‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 34(.‬‫6- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻠﻮن ﻣﻦ أﻣﺎم ‪ Description‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Select a Color‬ﻻﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻠﻮن، ﻗﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻠﻮن ‪) Cyan‬أزرق ﻓﺎﺗﺢ( ﻣﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ اﻷﻟﻮان اﻟﻘﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ‪ Standard Colors Palette‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪OK‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺮﺟﻊ إﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Display Properties‬‬‫آﻤﺎ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ أﻳﻀﺎ إدﺧﺎل رﻗﻢ اﻟﻠﻮن ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮة ﻓﺈذا ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺈدﺧﺎل اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ 4 ﻓﻲ اﻟﺼﻨﺪوق اﻟﻤﺠﺎور ﻟﺼﻨﺪوق اﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻠﻮن ﺳﻴﺘﻐﻴﺮ اﻟﻠﻮن إﻟﻲ اﻟﻠﻮن‬ ‫‪) Cyan‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 34(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 34‬ ‫7- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Style and Size‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Absolute Units‬و ادﺧﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ 2 أﻣﺎم اﻟـ ‪) Text Size‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 34( ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫اﻧﻈﺮ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﻄﺔ 857 ﺳﺘﺠﺪ أن ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و ﻣﻘﺎس اﻟﻨﺺ ﻳﻈﻬﺮان ﺑﺤﺠﻢ أﺻﻐﺮ و أن رﻗﻢ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ و اﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻼﻣﺔ، ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 742 ﻣﺎزاﻟﺖ آﻤﺎ هﻲ ﺑﻼ ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻣﻘﺎس اﻟﻨﺺ و اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻄﺎن ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﺋﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ‬ ‫44(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 44‬ ‫- 92 -‬
  28. 28. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫آﻠﻤﺎ ﺻﻐﺮت أو آﺒﺮت اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﻌﺮوﺿﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ‪ Zoom in or out‬ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺳﺘﺠﺪ أن ﻣﻘﺎس اﻟﻨﺺ و ﻋﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط اﻟﻤﺮﺗﺒﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺳﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﻌﺮوﺿﺔ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮان ﺑﺘﻐﻴﺮ اﻟﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﻌﺮوﺿﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ )ﻳﺠﺐ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻷﻣﺮ ‪ Regen‬إن‬ ‫آﻨﺖ ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻜﺒﻴﺮ و اﻟﺘﺼﻐﻴﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻟﺒﻜﺮة اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة ﺑﺎﻟﻔﺄرة ‪.(Mouse Scroll‬‬ ‫8- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫9- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Preferences‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Point Display‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈزاﻟﺔ اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ أﻣﺎم ‪Always Regenerate‬‬ ‫‪ Point Display After Zoom‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 54(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 54‬‫01- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ View‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Named Views‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ View‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ 1 ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ Named‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪ Set Current‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫11- ﻓﻲ ﺳﻄﺮ اﻷواﻣﺮ اآﺘﺐ ‪ Regen‬ﻹﻋﺎدة ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ.‬ ‫اﻵن ﺳﺘﺠﺪ أن ﻣﻘﺎس اﻟﻨﺺ و اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﻘﻄﺔ 742 ﻳﺘﻐﻴﺮان ﺗﺒﻌﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺎﺣﺔ اﻟﻤﻌﺮوﺿﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺸﺎﺷﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام اﻷﻣﺮ ‪ Regen‬و ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ 857 ﺗﺒﻘﻲ آﻤﺎ هﻲ ﺑﻤﻘﺎﺳﻬﺎ اﻟﻤﺤﺪد ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎ ‪.Absolute Size‬‬ ‫ﻟﻮ آﺎﻧﺖ آﻞ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط أو ﻋﺪد آﺒﻴﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ‪ Absolute Size‬ﻓﻲ ﻋﺮض ﻋﻼﻣﺘﻬﺎ و ﻧﺼﻬﺎ ﻓﻴﻔﻀﻞ ﻏﻠﻖ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ Always Regenerate Point Display After Zoom‬آﻤﺎ ﺗﻢ ﻣﺴﺒﻘﺎ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﺤﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ أداء أﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﻠﻌﺮض.‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻹﻋﺎدة ﺿﺒﻂ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ اﻟﻨﺺ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ‪Point Marker‬‬ ‫21- أﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 742 ﻟﺘﻌﺮض ﻗﺎﺑﺾ اﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻚ ‪.Grips‬‬ ‫31- ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﺤﺮﻳﻚ اﻟﻘﺎﺑﺾ ﻧﺤﻮ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ اﻷﻳﻤﻦ اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ.‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺠﺪ ﻇﻬﻮر ﺳﻬﻢ آﺪﻟﻴﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻨﺺ و اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ اﻟﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 64(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 64‬ ‫- 03 -‬
  29. 29. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺮض اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎت ‪Controlling Point Display by Layer‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﻃﺒﻘﺔ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪ The Point Layer‬ﺛﻢ ﺗﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﻌﻄﻴﻞ ‪ Turn Off‬هﺬﻩ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ.‬ ‫1- اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ رﻗﻢ 742 ﺛﻢ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ زر اﻟﻔﺄرة اﻷﻳﻤﻦ و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ أﻣﺎﻣﻚ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪Edit Object Display‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪) Object Display‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 74(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 74‬ ‫2- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) Layer‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 74( ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Select Layer‬‬ ‫3- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Layer‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪) PNT_MISC‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 84( ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﺘﺮﺟﻊ إﻟﻰ ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪Object‬‬ ‫‪ Display‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 84‬‫4- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ أﻳﻘﻮﻧﺔ اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺎت ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻂ اﻷدوات ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ Layer Properties Manager‬ﺛﻢ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻌﻄﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺮض اﻟﻄﺒﻘﺔ ‪) PNT_MISC‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 94( ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ OK‬ﻟﺘﻐﻠﻖ اﻟـ ‪.Layer Properties Manager‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 94‬ ‫- 13 -‬
  30. 30. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫اﻟﺪرس اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ: إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ‪Lesson 4:Creating Points‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس ﺳﺘﺘﻌﻠﻢ إﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻳﺪوﻳﺎ ﺑﺈدﺧﺎل اﻹﺣﺪاﺛﻲ اﻟﺸﻤﺎﻟﻲ و اﻟﺸﺮﻗﻲ ‪ Northing and Easting‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻮل ﺧﻂ اﻧﺤﻴﺎز‬ ‫‪ Alignment‬أو ﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﻟﻢ اﻟﺴﻄﺢ ‪ ،Surface Features‬و أﻳﻀﺎ اﺳﺘﺨﺪام أواﻣﺮ ﻟﺘﻌﺪﻳﻞ و ﻏﻠﻖ ‪ Lock‬اﻟﻨﻘﺎط و اآﺘﺸﺎف‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎرض ﺑﻴﻦ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻓﻲ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ و ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت.‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ هﺬا اﻟﺪرس:‬ ‫1- ﻗﻢ ﺑﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ File‬أﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Open‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Open Drawing: Project Based‬‬ ‫إن اﻟﻤﺴﺎر اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻲ ﻟﻤﻠﻔﺎت اﻟﻤﺸﺮوع ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻤﺴﺎر 6002 ‪ C:Land Projects‬ﻓﺈن آﻨﺖ ﻗﺪ ﻏﻴﺮت هﺬا اﻟﻤﺴﺎر أﺛﻨﺎء ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺼﻴﺐ اﻟﺒﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻓﻴﺠﺐ أن ﺗﻀﻊ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﻲ اﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎر.‬‫3- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Project Name‬اﺧﺘﺮ 2‪ TUTORIAL‬و ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Select Project Drawing‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪Lesson-4.dwg‬‬ ‫ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.OK‬‬‫4- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Projects‬اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ Workspaces‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Land Desktop‬ﻟﺘﻌﺮض ﻗﻮاﺋﻢ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ‪.Land Desktop‬‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻳﺪوﻳﺎ ‪Creating Points Manually‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ رﻗﻢ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻟﺒﺪء ﺗﺮﻗﻴﻢ اﻟﻨﻘﺎط و إدﺧﺎل اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﻴﺐ ﻳﺪوﻳﺎ.‬‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ View‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Named Views‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪ View‬ﺛﻢ اﺧﺘﺮ 1 ﻣﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ‪ Named‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫‪ Set Current‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫3- اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Create‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ‪ Numbering‬أدﺧﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ 01 أﻣﺎم ‪) Current number‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 05(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 05‬ ‫4- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟـ ‪ Elevations‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Manual‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.OK‬‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﺊ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﻤﻦ اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ و ﻣﻨﺴﻮﺑﻬﺎ .‪.249 m‬‬ ‫5- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Create Points‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Manual‬‬ ‫6- ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ‪ Endpoint Osnap‬اﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﻤﻦ اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ.‬ ‫7- أدﺧﻞ 942 ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺴﻮب ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.Enter‬‬ ‫8- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫9- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟـ ‪ Descriptions‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Manual‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 15(.‬ ‫- 23 -‬
  31. 31. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 15‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﺊ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﻤﻦ اﻟﻌﻠﻮي و ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب .‪ 249 m‬و ﺑﻮﺻﻒ هﻮ ‪.BLDG‬‬ ‫01- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Create Points‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Manual‬‬ ‫11- ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ‪ Endpoint Osnap‬اﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﻤﻦ اﻟﻌﻠﻮي ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ.‬ ‫21- ادﺧﻞ ‪ BLDG‬ﻟﻠﻮﺻﻒ و ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺴﻮب اﻗﺒﻞ اﻟﻘﻴﻤﺔ اﻻﻓﺘﺮاﺿﻴﺔ .‪ 249 m‬و اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) Enter‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 25(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 25‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب و وﺻﻒ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻲ ‪Specifying Automatic Elevations and Descriptions‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﻮف ﺗﺴﺘﻜﻤﻞ إدراج اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﺑﻤﻨﺴﻮب و وﺻﻒ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻲ.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Create‬و ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟـ ‪ Elevation‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Automatic‬‬ ‫3- ﻓﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ اﻟـ ‪ Descriptions‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Automatic‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 35(.‬ ‫- 33 -‬
  32. 32. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 35‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﺸﺊ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﺴﺮ اﻟﻌﻠﻮي ﻟﻠﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﻨﺴﻮب 942 و ﺑﻮﺻﻒ ‪.BLDG‬‬ ‫4- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Create Points‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Manual‬‬ ‫5- ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ‪ Endpoint Osnap‬اﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﺴﺮ اﻟﻌﻠﻮي ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.Enter‬‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﻢ إدراج اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻟﻤﺤﺪد ﺑﻤﻨﺴﻮب .‪ 249 m‬و ﺑﻮﺻﻒ ‪ BLDG‬ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 45(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 45‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط داﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت ‪Creating Points in the Points Database‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﻐﻴﺮ إﻋﺪادات اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﻨﺸﺊ ﻧﻘﺎط داﺧﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﺒﻴﺎﻧﺎت دون إدراﺟﻬﺎ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻴﺎ إﻟﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ، ﺛﻢ ﺗﻨﺸﺊ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪة.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫2- ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Create‬و ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺴﻢ ‪ Numbering‬ﻗﻢ ﺑﺈﻟﻐﺎء اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ أﻣﺎم ‪ Insert to Drawing as Created‬ﺛﻢ‬ ‫اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 55(.‬ ‫- 43 -‬
  33. 33. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 55‬ ‫اﺗﺒﻊ هﺬﻩ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات ﻟﺘﻨﺸﺊ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ رآﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻲ.‬ ‫3- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Create Points‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Manual‬‬ ‫4- ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ‪ Endpoint Osnap‬اﺧﺘﺮ ﻣﻜﺎن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﺴﺮ اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪.Enter‬‬‫اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪة ﻻ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮﺳﻢ، اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﺨﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻻﺳﺘﻌﺎدة اﻹﻋﺪادات ﻟﻴﺘﻢ إدراج اﻟﻨﻘﺎط ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻢ، و إدراج ﺁﺧﺮ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻗﻤﺖ ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎﺋﻬﺎ.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 65‬ ‫5- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Point Settings‬ﻟﺘﺴﺘﻌﺮض ﺻﻨﺪوق اﻟﺤﻮار ‪.Point Settings‬‬ ‫6- ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘﺒﻮﻳﺐ ‪ Create‬و ﻓﻲ اﻟﻘﺴﻢ ‪ Numbering‬اﺧﺘﺮ‪ Insert to Drawing as Created‬ﺛﻢ اﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) OK‬اﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 55(.‬ ‫7- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Insert Points to Drawing‬ﺛﻢ أدﺧﻞ ‪ N‬ﻟﻼﺧﺘﻴﺎر ‪ Number‬ﺛﻢ ادﺧﻞ 31 ﻟﺮﻗﻢ اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ.‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺠﺪ اﻵن أن اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺔ ﺗﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ اﻟﺮآﻦ اﻷﻳﺴﺮ اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ )اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 75(.‬ ‫- 53 -‬
  34. 34. ‫‪By: Mohamed Raafat Hafez‬‬ ‫‪Autodesk Land Desktop Tutorials‬‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 75‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ آﺎﺋﻦ ‪Placing Points on an Object‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺮآﻨﻴﻦ اﻟﺒﺎﻗﻴﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻰ.‬ ‫1- ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ‪ Points‬اﺧﺘﺮ ‪ Create Points‬و ﻣﻦ اﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ اﺧﺘﺮ ‪.Automatic‬‬ ‫2- اﺧﺘﺮ اﻟﺨﻂ اﻟﻌﻤﻮدي اﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺠﺎﻧﺐ اﻟﺴﻔﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺒﻨﻲ ﺛﻢ أﺿﻐﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪) Enter‬اﻧﻈﺮ ﺷﻜﻞ 85(.‬ ‫ﺷﻜﻞ 85‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﻢ إﻧﺸﺎء اﻟﻨﻘﻄﺘﺎن ﻋﻨﺪ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ و اﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﺨﻂ.‬ ‫إﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻮل ﺧﻂ اﻧﺤﻴﺎز ‪Placing Points Along an Alignment‬‬ ‫ﻓﻲ هﺬا اﻟﺘﻤﺮﻳﻦ ﺳﺘﻘﻮم ﺑﺈﻧﺸﺎء ﻧﻘﺎط ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻮل ﺧﻂ اﻧﺤﻴﺎز ‪ Alignment‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺤﻄﺎت ‪ Stations‬ﻣﺤﺪدة و ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺎت ﻓﺎﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫‪ ،Offset‬أوﻻ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻴﺎر اﻟﻤﺸﻬﺪ ﺛﻢ أﺧﺘﺮ اﻟـ ‪ Alignment‬اﻟﻨﺸﻂ أو اﻟﺤﺎﻟﻲ.‬ ‫- 63 -‬

×