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An overview of geography

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Introduction geography

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An overview of geography

  1. 1. 3rd graders Social Studies Department Almudena Corrales Marbán
  2. 2. 1. Introduction The science of geography is likely the oldest of all sciences. Geography is the answer to the question that the earliest humans asked, "What's over there?" Exploration and the discovery of new places, new cultures, and new ideas have always been basic components of geography. Thus, geography is often called the "mother of all sciences" as studying other people and other places led to other scientific fields such as biology, anthropology, geology, mathematics, astronomy, chemistry, among others. Almudena Corrales Marbán
  3. 3. Almudena Corrales Marbán 2. What does the word geography mean? The word "geography" was invented by the ancient Greek scholar Eratosthenes and literally means "writing about the earth." The word can be divided into two parts - ge and graphy. Ge means the Earth and graphy refers to writing. In Spanish we would say – “geo” y “grafía”-. Geo significa Tierra y grafía, escritura. Por lo tanto escritura o descripción de la Tierra. Of course, geography today means much more than writing about the Earth but it's a difficult discipline to define. Many geographers have done their best to define geography but a typical dictionary definition today reads, "The science of the Earth's physical features, resources, climate, population, etc."
  4. 4. Just let you know some definitions of Geography along history: Almudena Corrales Marbán "The purpose of geography is to provide 'a view of the whole' earth by mapping the location of places." - Ptolemy, 150 CE "Synoptic discipline synthesizing findings of other sciences through the concept of Raum (area or space)." - Immanuel Kant, c. 1780 "Synthesizing discipline to connect the general with the special through measurement, mapping, and a regional emphasis." - Alexander von Humboldt, 1845
  5. 5. Almudena Corrales Marbán To reinforce this aspect please watch: http://geography.about.com/od/studygeography/a/geog101.htm
  6. 6. 3. Divisions of Geography Almudena Corrales Marbán Today, geography is commonly divided into two major branches - cultural geography (also called human geography) and physical geography. In Spain, geographers usually divided it into: 1. Geografía física. 2. Geografía humana Y podemos añadir: 3. Geografía económica 4. Geografía política Estas dos pueden incluirse dentro de la humana.
  7. 7. Almudena Corrales Marbán 3.1. Physical Geography Physical geography is the branch of geography dealing with the natural features of the Earth, the home of humans. Physical geography looks at the water, air, animals, and land of the planet Earth (i.e. everything that is part of the four spheres - the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere). Physical geography is closely related to geography's sister science - geology - but physical geography focuses more on the landscapes at the surface of the Earth and NOT WHAT IS INSIDE OUR PLANET. REMEMBER ! Physical Geography LOOKS AT: everything that is part of the four spheres – the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere
  8. 8. Almudena Corrales Marbán Cultural geography is the branch of geography dealing with human culture and its impact on the Earth. Cultural geographers study: Languages Population Religion Politics AgricultureUrban areas AND MORE… 3.1. Human/Cultural Geography
  9. 9. Almudena Corrales Marbán 3.3. Other key areas Other key areas of geography include regional geography (which involves the in-depth study and knowledge of a particular region and its cultural as well as its physical characteristics) and geographic technologies like GIS (geographic information systems) and GPS (global positioning system).
  10. 10. 4. WHAT DO GEOGRAPHERS DO? Almudena Corrales Marbán You might wonder……….and what do geographers do? Are they so important? Of course, they are! Geographers are everywhere, governments receive specialised reports on: • Geology • Town planning • Freshwater lake ecosystems • Other environmental impacts • Traffic impacts • Economics

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