Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The palace of El Escorial

  • Be the first to comment

The palace of El Escorial

  1. 1. The Palace of El Escorial
  2. 2. Facts about the palace… • The Escorial is located in San Lorenzo de El Escorial, near Madrid, in central Spain. • The building is the most important architectural monument of the Spanish Renaissance. • Construction of El Escorial began in 1563 and ended in 1584.
  3. 3. • The project was conceived by King Philip II, who wanted a building to serve the multiple purposes of a burial place for his father, Holy Roman emperor Charles V • Two architects involved: • Juan Bautista de Toledo • Juan de Herrera. • Other masters who painted works for the Escorial were: • El Greco • Luca Giordano • Claudio Coello.
  4. 4. Decoration and Aesthetic • The decoration of El Escorial was carefully coordinated with the architecture to create a unified artistic effect. • The statue of San Lorenzo on the main façade and the six statues of Old Testament kings on the façade of the basilica prepare the way for a splendid display of saints and kings inside the basilica.
  5. 5. The plan of El Escorial
  6. 6. Pictures Statue of San Lorenzo Library Art
  7. 7. Pictures continued…
  8. 8. History • Emperor Charles V left a final codicil(request) in his will for the establishment of a religious foundation in which he was to be buried beside his wife, Isabella of Portugal. Charles V’s son, Philip II, undertook the task after his return from Flanders in 1559 and appointed Juan Bautista de Toledo as the royal architect. • In 1560 a site was chosen in a farming area at the foot of the Guadarrama Mountains, 2 km from the town of El Escorial, and entrusted to the Hieronymite Order in the following year. • The new monastery, which received its foundation charter in 1567, was named San Lorenzo el Real del Escorial, after St Lawrence of Rome, a martyr of supposed Hispanic origin, and was intended to serve as the royal pantheon.

×