Contract Financing
Theresa A. StevensTheresa A. Stevens
March 12, 2007March 12, 2007
Part 2
Non-Commercial Item
Purchase F...
2
What Is A Non-commercialized
Acquisition
An acquisition where services or
supplies are purchased by the
government that ...
3
What is Contract Financing?
Contract Financing is a “Payment”
It is an authorized Government disbursement of monies
to a...
4
Contract Financing “Payments”
Do Not Include:
 Invoice Payments
 Payments For Partial Deliveries
 Lease And Rental Pa...
5
Contract Financing
When? It is in the best interest of the government.
Why? It may be the demand of the market and witho...
6
 Only to the extent actually needed for prompt and efficient
performance
 Administer to aid the acquisition, not imped...
7
Need for Contract Financing
Not a Deterrent
 The contracting officer shall not treat the contractor’s
need for contract...
8
Conditions for Financing
Noncommercial Purchases
The contractor must demonstrate an actual
financial need or unavailabil...
9
Risks
In establishing contract financing terms, the
contracting officer must be aware of certain risks
When the Governme...
10
Mitigate Risks
 Repayment Risks can be mitigated by using
security provisions in the solicitation and clauses in
the c...
11
Types of Security
 The offeror’s financial condition is a type of security
 Paramount lien on specified assets
 Irre...
12
Types of Financing for
Non-commercial Items
Order of Preference
 Private Funding without a Govt Guarantee
 Customary ...
13
The contractor secures his own financing without a
government guarantee
Private Funding
14
Customary Contract Financing
 Performance-based
Payments
 Progress Payments
15
Performance-Based Payments
Performance-based payments are customary contract
financing payments made on the basis of:
...
16
Progress Payments Based on Cost
Progress payments based on costs are made on the basis
of costs incurred by the contrac...
17
Progress Payments Based on Cost
Do Not Include
 Payments based on the percentage or stage of
completion accomplished
...
18
Progress Payments Based on a
Percentage or Stage of Completion
 Authorized only for construction, shipbuilding and
shi...
19
Loan Guarantees
Are made by Federal Reserve banks, on behalf of
designated guaranteeing agencies, to enable
contractors...
20
Unusual Contract Financing
 Any contract financing arrangement that deviates
from customary contract financing is unus...
21
Advance Payments
 Are advances of money by the Government to a
prime contractor before, in anticipation of, and for th...
Requirement
Starts the process
Determine Whether to
provide for financing
in the solicitation
What does the market bare?
I...
23
More Clauses and Provisions for
Noncommercial Items
 FAR 52.232-12, Advance Payments
 FAR 52.232-13, Notice of Progre...
24
Questions?
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Contract financing

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  • FAR recognizes that buyer financing may be a customary market practice for commercial and noncommercial acquisitions.
  • , or groups of contracts or orders ( e.g. , issued under indefinite-delivery contracts, basic ordering agreements, or their equivalent);
  • For small business the value of the contract must be over the simplified acquisition threshold ($100,000) and billing for the first delivery order is expected to be 4 months or more. For large business the value of the contract must exceed $2.5 million, and the first delivery will be 6 months or more. For large business the value of the contract must exceed $2.5 million, and the first delivery will be 6 months or more.
  • In the opinion of the Contracting Officer, it constitutes adequate security, and The offeror agrees to provide additional security should that financial condition become inadequate as security
  • Performance Based Payments (FAR subpart 32.10) Progress Payments based on costs Progress Payments based on percentage or stage of completion
  • Contract financing

    1. 1. Contract Financing Theresa A. StevensTheresa A. Stevens March 12, 2007March 12, 2007 Part 2 Non-Commercial Item Purchase Financing FAR Subpart 32.1 PIP Level II Presentation
    2. 2. 2 What Is A Non-commercialized Acquisition An acquisition where services or supplies are purchased by the government that are unique and uncommon to any other entity
    3. 3. 3 What is Contract Financing? Contract Financing is a “Payment” It is an authorized Government disbursement of monies to a contractor prior to acceptance of supplies or services by the Government Reference: FAR 32.001(1)
    4. 4. 4 Contract Financing “Payments” Do Not Include:  Invoice Payments  Payments For Partial Deliveries  Lease And Rental Payments Reference: FAR 32.001 (2)
    5. 5. 5 Contract Financing When? It is in the best interest of the government. Why? It may be the demand of the market and without it the government may not be able to meet the requirement. Reference: FAR 32.106 and 32.113
    6. 6. 6  Only to the extent actually needed for prompt and efficient performance  Administer to aid the acquisition, not impede it  Avoid any undue risk of monetary loss to the Government  Include the form of contract financing deemed to be in the Government’s best interest in the solicitation  Monitor the contractor’s use of the contract financing provided and the contractor’s financial status Conditions for Contract Financing
    7. 7. 7 Need for Contract Financing Not a Deterrent  The contracting officer shall not treat the contractor’s need for contract financing as a handicap for a contract award, as a responsibility factor, or as an evaluation criterion  The contractor should not be disqualified from contract financing solely because the contractor failed to indicate a need for contract financing before the contract was awarded Reference: FAR 32.107
    8. 8. 8 Conditions for Financing Noncommercial Purchases The contractor must demonstrate an actual financial need or unavailability of private funding Reference: FAR 32.104 Large Business Small Business Small Disadvantage Value of Contract $2.5M $100,000 $50,000 Lead Time 6 Months 4 Months 4 Months Payment Rates (Percentage of Cost) 80% 85% 90%
    9. 9. 9 Risks In establishing contract financing terms, the contracting officer must be aware of certain risks When the Government decides to finance a procurement, it assumes both repayment and non-performance risks
    10. 10. 10 Mitigate Risks  Repayment Risks can be mitigated by using security provisions in the solicitation and clauses in the contract  Nonperformance risks can be minimized by selecting the appropriate contractor and assuring that the financing method fits the procurement  Repayment and nonperformance risks can be considerably lowered by requiring security
    11. 11. 11 Types of Security  The offeror’s financial condition is a type of security  Paramount lien on specified assets  Irrevocable letters of credit from a Federally insured financial institution  A bond from an acceptable surety  Other assets described in FAR parts 28.203-2, 28.203-3, and 28.204
    12. 12. 12 Types of Financing for Non-commercial Items Order of Preference  Private Funding without a Govt Guarantee  Customary Contract Financing  Loan Guarantees  Unusual Contract Financing  Advance Payments Reference: FAR 32.106, FAR 32.113, FAR 32.114, FAR 32.1001
    13. 13. 13 The contractor secures his own financing without a government guarantee Private Funding
    14. 14. 14 Customary Contract Financing  Performance-based Payments  Progress Payments
    15. 15. 15 Performance-Based Payments Performance-based payments are customary contract financing payments made on the basis of:  Performance measured by an objective, and/or quantifiable method  Accomplishment of defined event(s)  Other quantifiable measures of results Reference: FAR 32.102
    16. 16. 16 Progress Payments Based on Cost Progress payments based on costs are made on the basis of costs incurred by the contractor as work progresses under the contract.
    17. 17. 17 Progress Payments Based on Cost Do Not Include  Payments based on the percentage or stage of completion accomplished  Payments for partial deliveries accepted by the Government  Partial payments for a contract termination proposal  Performance-based payments Reference: FAR 32.102
    18. 18. 18 Progress Payments Based on a Percentage or Stage of Completion  Authorized only for construction, shipbuilding and ship conversion, alteration or repair  Basically the contractor does 25% of the work and is paid for that 25%, up to a cumulative amount of no more than 80% of the contract price for large businesses, 85% for small businesses and 90% for a small disadvantage business Reference: FAR 32.101, FAR 32.102
    19. 19. 19 Loan Guarantees Are made by Federal Reserve banks, on behalf of designated guaranteeing agencies, to enable contractors to obtain financing from private sources under contracts for the acquisition of supplies or services for the national defense.
    20. 20. 20 Unusual Contract Financing  Any contract financing arrangement that deviates from customary contract financing is unusual contract financing  Unusual contract financing shall be authorized only after approval by the head of the agency Reference: FAR 32.114
    21. 21. 21 Advance Payments  Are advances of money by the Government to a prime contractor before, in anticipation of, and for the purpose of complete performance under one or more contracts  Advance payments can be authorized for fixed-price or cost reimbursement contracts for supplies or services
    22. 22. Requirement Starts the process Determine Whether to provide for financing in the solicitation What does the market bare? Is it necessary? What are the risks, can they be mitigated? If No select and incorporate nonfinancing provisions in the solicitation NOYES Select a Method of Financing Justify the Selected Method Incorporate provision to solicit financing terms from offerors in the solicitation 52.232-31, Invitation to propose financing terms Determine whether to restrict its availability to small business concerns Is it in the best interest to the government?
    23. 23. 23 More Clauses and Provisions for Noncommercial Items  FAR 52.232-12, Advance Payments  FAR 52.232-13, Notice of Progress Payments  FAR 52.232-16, Progress Payments  FAR 52.232-28, Invitation to Propose Performance- Based Payments  FAR 52.232-32, Performance-Based Payments  FAR 32.113, Customary Contract Financing  FAR 52.232-31, Invitation to Propose Financing Terms
    24. 24. 24 Questions?

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