almería in your pocket
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Located in the southeast of Spain and looking out to the Mediterranean Sea.Clear skies, innumerable beaches and an excepti...
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almería in your pocketAA              >    index           pg. 7   Prepare the visit                   Information        ...
6    > Close up of Almeria’s Flag
AA  Prepare the visitBAInformationArea                        296,21 Km2Currency                    Euro                  ...
> Telephone code                                        BA How to get around    Phoning to Spain:                         ...
BA  Guided tours                                     Indalcongress                                                     35,...
Guided tours organized by the     AA           Tourism Board of the City of Almeria     > MOORISH ALMERIA                 ...
civil protection                                                             BA Health servicesLocal Government: ............
BA How to get to Almeria                             BA  How to get around                                                ...
BA Where to stay                                                  > hoTels 4*                                             ...
Husa Gran Fama                                     Costasol     Mediterráneo Avenue, 04006 Almeria.                58, Pas...
Las Salinas                                           Hostal Las DunasAlmadraba de Monteleva Street.                      ...
16     > Panoramic view of the Alcazaba from the Fishing Port.
> San Cristóbal Hill.AA   Enjoy     the cityAlmeria has an extensive legacy of monuments        Arts and Crafts School, th...
Weekend     AA                                   itinerary                                                         poamor ...
> El Toyo Sea Balcony.                                                  play golf or enjoy a spa.                         ...
> Spanish Civil War Bomb Shelter.     tectural style from northern Spain). Now we        na Street, you will come upon the...
BA Art and culture                                     > moorish almeria                                                  ...
Al-mariyat     AA                                  Bayyana     There are remains of human settlements,          caiceria (...
> The Christian Enclosure in the Alcazaba.                                                                                ...
neighbourhood (Al-Hawd), today’s Pescaderia-         continued through Obispo Orbera Street to Javier     La Chanca.      ...
> La Medina, at the foot of the Alcazaba.                                                                                 ...
La Medina, and the construction of the Wall to     defend the City, as well as the Main Mosque for     prayer.     The Wal...
The Chanca has some magnificent viewpoints           San Juan Churchover the City: Barranco de Greppi and Cerillo del    (...
to its rusticated stone masonry. The Pediment is      Puerta de Pechina (Pechina Gate)     decorated with the coat of arms...
> chrisTian almeria                                 fortress; it had religious and defensive functions                    ...
the Choir are of Renaissance style from the art-         (an important local businessman who had     ist Juan de Orea. The...
Convent. At the end of the XIX Century, the Build-     Portals: the Main Portal overlooking the Squareing was reformed and...
Santo Domingo Church, the     Sanctuary of La Virgen del Mar     (Our Lady of the Sea)     The La Virgen del Mar Square, d...
tration took on some important works on the         Compañía de Maríabuilding. The XVI Century Courtyard was redone      C...
enade (today’s Obispo Orbera) which was being        Queen, Isabel of Castile died) Teresa Enriquez     built at that time...
In the Cloister, there are remains of Gothic style     pearance of the Main Façade of the Convent andPortal in the cemeter...
only the Church remained intact. The Convent     had to be rebuilt during the post-war     The Portal of the Main Façade a...
La Chanca). The structure of the Church has clear    San Anton ChapelNeoclassical influences in a general Classical ec-   ...
> The old Railway Station.38       > iron archiTecTure in almeria                     half of the XIX Century. Iron was us...
El Cable Inglés                                       using new materials such as iron in the construc-The Mineral Loading...
Central Market Building                               project to build the Market in the Old Quarter     The construction ...
The future Market had an ideal location in themiddle of the bourgeois expansion area betweenObispo Orbera Street and El Pa...
The bust of the poet “Celia Viñas” presides the     centre of the Square. Celia Viñas teacher and     literate, promoted l...
rises and becomes a beautiful Corinthian stylecapital, ending in a bronze sphere surrounded byspines or sunrays. This char...
1950 and 1960 it was once again abandoned un-        from the functional building models imple-     til the Junta de Andal...
Almería ´s guide
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A Complete guide of Almeria City where you will find infromation about places to visit, to teast the traditional spanish food, places to sleep...

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Almería ´s guide

  1. 1. almería in your pocket
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  3. 3. Located in the southeast of Spain and looking out to the Mediterranean Sea.Clear skies, innumerable beaches and an exceptional gastronomy. Importantnatural reserves and an incredible archaeological patrimony. An open Cityand a meeting point between Western and Eastern cultures.A City full of sunlight. 3Welcome to Almeria
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  5. 5. almería in your pocketAA > index pg. 7 Prepare the visit Information 7 How to get around 8 When to visit 8 Guided tours 9 Emergency Info 9 Shopping hours 11 Credit cards 11 Health services 11 How to get to Almeria 12 How to get around 12 Where to stay 13 5 pg. 17 Enjoy the city Art and culture 21 Nature 58 El Toyo 61 Beaches 62 Beauty and health 63 Gastronomy 64 Where to eat 66 Fiestas, traditions & events 71 Main Events 72 Sports 72 pg. 75 Discover the surroundings pg. 79 Maps
  6. 6. 6 > Close up of Almeria’s Flag
  7. 7. AA Prepare the visitBAInformationArea 296,21 Km2Currency Euro 7Population 186.651 inhabitants (INE 2007)Oficial language SpanishClimate Average yearly temperature 18.7 º CFrom major cities Madrid 544 Km Sevilla 415 Km Granada 166 Km EUROPE SPAIN ANDALUSIA
  8. 8. > Telephone code BA How to get around Phoning to Spain: Getting around in Almeria is very easy. The Old 00 34 + local phone number All calls to Almeria begin with the code 950. Quarter and the different neighbourhoods are all in walking distance. To reach areas that are out > Tourism offices of walking distance, public transport is recom- City Council Tourism Office mended. 1, Constitución Square, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: +34 950 210 538 – +34 950 280 748 Open: Monday – Friday: from 9 am - 2 pm and 4 pm -7pm - Saturdays, Sundays and holidays: BA When to visit from 9 am -2 pm With more than 3,000 hours of sunlight per year The City Tourism Board also has several informa- and an average temperature of 18.7ºC, Almeria tion points situated in different areas in Almeria: has one of the most privileged climates in the the Intermodal Station (bus and train), the Beach Promenade and in the Toyo neighbourhood. Iberian Peninsula. This makes Almeria an ideal all year round destination. Our original and ex- The Junta de Andalucia Tourism act slogan explains this to our visitors “Almeria,8 Office (Andalusian Government) Nicolas Salmerón Park, corner with Martinez where the Sun holidays in Winter”. Campos Street, 04002 Almeria Tel.: 950 175 220 Open: Monday-Friday: 9 am - 7:30 pm Saturday, Sunday and holidays: 9:30 am to 3 pm (in Summer: 10 am - 2 pm) Patronato Provincial de Turismo de Almería (Provincial Tourism Board of Almeria) Bendicho Square, 04011 Almeria. Tel.: +34 950 881 178 Open: Monday-Friday: 9 am - 2 pm Almeria Airport Nijar Road, Kilometre 9, 04130 Almeria. Tel.: +34 950 292 918 > Palm trees on the City’s Paseo Marítimo (sea promenade).
  9. 9. BA Guided tours Indalcongress 35, Mediterráneo Avenue, 04007 Almeria. Tel.: 950 15 17 24The size of the Old Quarter and the nearby neigh- www.indalcongress.combourhoods makes them ideal to be visited on indalcongress@indalcongress.comfoot. The sightseeing train is another interesting Meditecon 2002way to get to know the City. 16, Hernán Cortés Street, 04003 Almeria. Tel.: 950 25 61 31 > Guided Tours www.meditecon.com - isabel@meditecon.comGuided Tours are the best way to get to know Mundicongressthe natural and cultural patrimony of the City 6, Doctor Gómez Ulla, Street, 04001 Almeria.throughout the year. The variety of itineraries Tel.: 950 24 30 77 www.mundicongress.comwill take the visitors to discover all the charms direccion@viajessolar.comhidden in the streets, squares and in the uniquesites of the City. P&S Congresos 13, Doctor Gregorio Marañón Street, 6th FloorInformation: Tourism office 950 210 538 Apt. 1, 04005 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 62 26 96 www.pscongresos.com > siGhT-seeinG Train info@pscongresos.comItinerary through the Old Quarter and the Port 9 Thema Azafatasof Almeria. 55, Altamira Street, Ground floor, Information: Tourism Office: 950 210 538 04005 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 255 941 www.thema-azafatas.esStarting point Emilio Pérez Square, next to Cir- info@thema-azafatas.escular Square.Saturdays and Sundays. Mornings: 11 am, 12am and 13 pm. Afternoons: 5 pm, 6 pm and 7pm. (July y August: 6 pm, 7pm y 8 pm)ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLE BA Emergency Info > Tourism services companies emergency telephone numbers Emergency telephone number: ............................112Congresur 2001 Ambulances: ...........................................950 268 9944, Santos Zárate Street, 1st floor apt. 4, Firedepartment: ............................ 950 271 534 / 08004004 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 08 92 98www.congresur.es Seaman’s home: ......................................950 235 181info@congresur.es Red Cross: ................................................950 257 166 Police Station: .........................................950 623 040Contraportada Health emergencies: ............................................06140, Montserrat Avenue, 1st Stairway, 2nd floor, Guardia Civil: ................................. 950 256 122 / 062Apt. B, 04006 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 24 23 47 Guardia Civil (traffic): ..............................950 256 323www.contraportada.net Policía Nacional (urban police force) : ......950 238 200contraportada@contraportada.net Local Police Force: ....................................950 621 206
  10. 10. Guided tours organized by the AA Tourism Board of the City of Almeria > MOORISH ALMERIA » Catholic Kings in Almeria » The Medina. X Century Almeria » The History of Los Coloraos » San Cristobal Hill. XI Century Almeria » Saint Valentines in Almeria » The Alcazaba » Legends and Traditions of Almeria » The Sea front.The Port » That Almeria > CHRISTIAN ALMERIA > THEATRICALLY REPRESENTED VISITS IN » Temples in Almeria SUMMER (JULY AND AUGUST) » Barroque Legacy in Almeria » Almeria and Los Coloraos > ALMERIA THROUGH THE CENTURIES: » Moorish Almeria. X Century CENTURIES XVIII-XIX » Moorish Almeria. XI Century » Stately and bourgeois Almeria » Catholic Kings in Almeria » The Iron Mining Boom » That Almeria (XIX Century and beginning of » Eliminating the Walls: Modern Era Almeria XX Century) > XX CENTURY ALMERIA » Almeria bourgeois10 » The City of Guillermo Langle. The Civil War bomb shelters > CABO DE GATA > THE MILLARES > DISTINGUISHED PEOPLE OF ALMERIA > TAPAS SAFARI > BULLFIGHTING TRADITION. BULLRING > SPECIAL DATES TO VISIT » Summer Evening Visits (July and August) » Torregarcia Celebration in honour of La Virgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Sea) » Holy Week in Almeria » May Holy Crosses » The Sea and the Tradition of the Saint John bonfires » Almeria’s Fair > THEATRICALLY REPRESENTED VISITS » Films made in Almeria » Medieval Almeria > Image taken from a Holy Week Procession.
  11. 11. civil protection BA Health servicesLocal Government: ..................................950 210 000Government Delegation: .........................950 01 0100 Red Cross Hospital (public hospital)Civil Government: ....................................950 759 000 196, Ronda Road.Government Subdelegation: ...................950 759 000 Tel.: 950 017 400 / 950 222 222Sea Rescue Service: .................................950 271 726 950 275 477 Hospital  Provincial (public hospital) San Luis Square. Tel.: 950 017 600BA Shopping hours Hospital Torrecárdenas (public hospital) Torrecárdenas Paraje.Shopping hours begin between 9.30 am and Tel.: 950 016 00010 am and close at 20:30 am, with a break atlunch time. The big supermarkets usually close Hospital Virgen del Mar (private hospital)between 9 pm and 10 pm and do not close Virgen del Mar Square.throughout the day. Tel.: 950 290 099 / 950 217 100Banks usually open between 8 am and 8:30 am Clínica Mediterráneo (private clinic)and close between 1:30 pm and 2 pm. Nueva Musa Street. Tel.: 950 621 631 11 Urgencias Bola Azul (public urgencyBA Credit cards service)emergency telephone numbers Ronda Road. Tel.: 950 017 206 / 950 017 2074B ............................................................902 114 400American Express .................................... 902 375 637Diners Club ...............................................902 401 112Mastercard ...............................................900 971 231Tarjeta 6000 .............................................902 203 000Visa ..........................................................900 991 124Credit Card Protection Service ..................914 531 470> View of La Rambla.
  12. 12. BA How to get to Almeria BA How to get around Inside the City, moving around is easy, the distances > By plane are short and there is a great public transport The City is only a few minutes away from the service. Almeria International Airport which is connected > By Bus to various Spanish and European destinations by Surbús regular and charter flights. Tel.: 950 62 47 35 Almeria Airport www.surbus.com - surbus@surbus.com Nijar Road, Kilometre 9, 04130 Almeria. Tel.: 950 21 37 00 > cyclinG www.aena.es leiinfo@aena.es The following streets and promenades have bi- cycle lanes so you may ride through the City or > By Train and coach admire the coast: Federico García Lorca Rambla, The Intermodal Station (trains and buses) con- Amatisteros Rambla, Nicolás Salmerón Park, the nects the City of Almeria with all the towns and Sea Promenade, Ribera Path to the University, La cities of the Province and to different cities in Cañada to the University and the Boticario Park.12 Spain and Europe. > Taxis Intermodal Station 6, Estación Square, 04006 Almeria. Tele Taxi Tel.: 950 26 20 98 Tel.: 950 25 11 11 Radio Taxi > By car Tel.: 950 22 61 61 By car, Almeria is accessible on the Mediterra- > car renTal companies nean coast by the A-7 and with the rest of Anda- Atesa lusia by the A-92. 141, Nuestra Señora de Montserrat Avenue. 950 252 275 / Fax: 950 275 672 > By ship Airport: Nijar Road, kilometre 9, Almeria. 950 761 002 / Fax: 950 213 745 The Port of Almeria is an important fishing port, www.atesa.com export terminal and passenger hub, apart from Telefurgo (van rentals) being port of call for many cruise ships that sail Tel. 902 889 943 info@telefurgo.com - www.telefurgo.com on the Mediterranean Sea. Almericar The Almeria Port Authority 17, Rueda López Street - Tel.: 950 234 966 Muelle de Levante Street, 04071 Almeria. www.almericar.com Tel.: 950 23 60 33 www.apalmeria.com Record Rent a Car S.A almeria@apalmeria.com La Mezquita Industrial Estate - warehouses 4 and 5. Tel.: 950 273 575 - www.recordrent.com
  13. 13. BA Where to stay > hoTels 4* AC Almería 5, Flores Square, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 49 99 www.ac-hotels.com - acalmeria@ac-hotels.com Alcazaba Mar Juegos de Argel Street El Toyo Urbanisation. 04131 Retamar (Almeria). Tel.: 950 20 91 60 www.azhoteles.com alcazabamar@azhoteles.com Barceló Cabo de Gata El Toyo Promenade, El Toyo Urbanisation.> The Intermodal Station Façade. 04131 Retamar (Almeria). Tel.: 950 18 42 50 www.barcelo.com - cabodegata@barcelo.com Cabogata Garden Juegos de Casablanca Avenue,Alva Rent a Car El Toyo Urbanisation, 04131 Retamar (Almería)22, Alfareros Rambla, 04003. Tel.: 950 01 07 50 - www.gardenhotels.comTel.: 950 237 747 - www.rentacaralvacar.com cabogata@gardenhotels.comFualsa 13Tel.: 902 666 333 - www.fualsa.com Cabo de Gata Mar Garden Juegos de Casablanca Avenue,Mapfre El Toyo Urbanisation, 04131 Retamar (Almería)Tel.: 902 448 844 Tel.: 950 01 79 50 / 950 18 16 80www.mapfre.com/automoviles www.gardenhotels.comAvis indalia@gardenhotels.comAlmeria. Intermodal Station – Establishment 9. Cabogata Plaza SuitesTel.: 950 621 712 - www.avis.com Juegos de Argel Street, El Toyo Urbanisation.Autos Casado S.L 04131 Retamar (Almeria). - Tel.: 950 00 12 0013, Pío Baroja Street, Ground floor. www.zthoteles.es - cabogata@zthotels.comTel.: 950 454 153 - www.autoscasado.com CatedralViajes París 8, La Catedral Square, 04002 Almeria.1, Puerta del Mar Street, 04002 Almeria. Tel.: 950 27 81 78Tel.: 950 620 575 - www.viajesparis.com www.hotelcatedral.netServirent & Servibus reservas@hotelcatedral.net8, Avión Street, 04009 Almeria. Citymar Gran Hotel AlmeríaTel.: 950 278 118 8, Reina Regente Avenue, 04001 Almeria.Rent a Car Tel.: 950 23 80 11 - www.citymar.com26, Horno Street, 04005 Almeria. reservas.gha@grupocitymar.comTel.: 950 270 327 Elba AlmeríaClásicos RB Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria.55, Altamira Street, 04005 Almeria. Tel.: 950 14 53 90 - www.hoteleselba.comTel.: 649 101 773 elbaalmeria@hoteleselba.com
  14. 14. Husa Gran Fama Costasol Mediterráneo Avenue, 04006 Almeria. 58, Paseo de Almeria, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 14 50 39 Tel.: 950 23 40 11 www.husa.es - hgranfama@husa.es www.hotelcostasol.com Nh Ciudad de Almería recepción@hotelcostasol.com14 Jardín de Medina Street, 04006 Almeria. Torreluz Tel.: 950 18 25 00 3, Flores Square, 04001 Almeria. www.nh-hotels.com Tel.: 950 23 43 99 nhciudaddealmeria@nh-hoteles.es www.torreluz.es - recepcion@torreluz.es Plaza Vieja Hotel & Lounge > Hotels 2* 4, Constitution Square. 04003 Almería Tel.: 950 28 20 96 Blanca Brisa www.plazaviejahl.com - reservas@plazaviejahl.com 49, Las Jóricas Street, 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria).- Tel: 950 37 00 01 Tryp Indalo www.blancabrisa.com 310, Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria. contacto@blancabrisa.com Tel.: 950 18 34 00 www.solmelia.com - tryp.indalo@solmelia.com Complejo de Servicios El 21 Almeria-Murcia Highway, exit 471. Vincci Mediterráneo 04130 Almería - Tel.: 950 20 74 20 281, Mediterráneo Avenue, 04009 Almeria. hotel21almeria@yahoo.com Tel.: 950 62 42 72 www.vinccihoteles.com Embajador mediterraneo@vinccihoteles.com 4, Calzada de Castro Street, 04006 Almeria. Tel.: 950 25 55 11 > Hotels 3* www.citymar.com Citymar Indálico reservas.embajador@grupocitymar.com 4, Dolores Rodríguez Sopeña Street. La Perla HR 04004 Almeria. - Tel.: 950 23 11 11 7, Carmen Square, 04003 Almeria. www.citymar.com Tel.: 950 23 88 77 - www.laperlagithoteles.com reservas.indalico@grupocitymar.com laperla@githoteles.com
  15. 15. Las Salinas Hostal Las DunasAlmadraba de Monteleva Street. 58, Barrio Nuevo Street.04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria). - Tel.: 950 37 01 03 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria) - Tel.: 950 37 00 72www.lasalinascabodegata.com www.lasdunas.net - info@lasdunas.netelmolesl@cajamar.es Hostal Manolo CruzLos Arcos Botica Retamar Promenade.157, Nijar Road, 157, 04130 El Alquián (Almeria).Tel.: 950 29 76 03 - jjlc@cajamar.es 04131 Retamar (Almería) Tel.: 950 20 74 03Sol Almería193, Ronda Road, 04006 Almeria. TorrecárdenasTel.: 950 27 18 11 13, Teruel Street. 04009 Almeríawww.hotelsolalmeria.net - info@hotelsolalmeria.es Tel.: 950 14 27 06Torreluz II www.pensiontorrecardenas.com6, Flores Square, 04001 Almeria. pensiontorrecardenas@hotmail.comTel.: 950 23 43 99 Navaswww.torreluz.com - recepcion@torreluz.es 3, Iglesia Street, 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almeria). > Hotels 1* Tel.: 950 37 01 02 - www.barnavas.comSevilla > -apartHotels25, Granada Street, 04003 Almeria.Tel.: 950 23 00 09 Apartahoteles Torreluzwww.hotelsevillaalmeria.com 6, Flores Square, Building, 04001 Almeria. Tel.: 950 23 43 99 15reservas@hotelsevillaalmeria.net www.torreluz.es - torreluz@torreluz.es > Hostals 2*Delfín Verde > YoutH Hostals2, García Cañas Street, 04007 Almeria. Almería Youth HostalTel.: 950 26 79 27 Isla de Fuenteventura Street, 04007 Almeria. > Hostals 1* Tel.: 950 17 51 36 almeria.itj@juntadeandalucia.esMaribel153, Federico Garcia Lorca Avenue. > CampinGs04005 Almería - Tel.: 950 23 51 73www.hostalmaribel.es - hostalmaribel@telefonica.net Camping Cabo de Gata Cabo de Gata Road.Nixar 04150 Cabo de Gata (Almería)24, Antonio Vico Street, 04003 Almeria. Tel.: 950 16 04 43Tel.: 950 23 72 55 - hostalnixar@hotmail.com www.campingcabodegata.com > GuestHouses info@campingcabodegata.comAmericano Camping La Garrofa6, Estación Avenue, 04005 Almeria. National Road N.340, kilometre 435.Tel.: 950258011 - www.hostaldealmeria.com 04002 Almería. Tel.: 950 23 57 70Estación www.lagarrofa.com37, Calzada de Castro Street, 04006 Almeria. info@lagarrofa.comTel.: 950 26 72 39hostalestacion@hotmail.com
  16. 16. 16 > Panoramic view of the Alcazaba from the Fishing Port.
  17. 17. > San Cristóbal Hill.AA Enjoy the cityAlmeria has an extensive legacy of monuments Arts and Crafts School, the Bullring, the Central 17inherited from the succession of cultures and the Market, the Train Station and especially the Min-riches of its history. eral Loading Pier.From Moorish times: in the X Century, the Al- The Bomb Shelters, restored in 2006, are an-cazaba and the remains of the Main Mosque other interesting visit. The Shelters are an under-(today’s San Juan Church); in the XI Century, the ground gallery system, built to protect the civil-City reached its maximum splendour of which ian population from raids during the Civil War.the Aljibes (water cisterns) and the Jairan Wallbuilt from the Alcazaba to Cerro San Cristobal(Hill behind the Alcazaba) are the most impor-tant remains.From Christian times, the Cathedral Fortress, theChurches of Santiago, San Pedro , San Sebastian,the Convent Church of Las Puras and the ConventChurch of Las Claras among other temples.The City of Almeria, after a rich Moorish period,will not recuperate its splendour until the XVIIICentury, reaching its maximum development atthe end of the XIX Century. From this time, the
  18. 18. Weekend AA itinerary poamor Street opposite to the XiX Century Friday Palace of Los Marqueses de Cabra, present History archive of the City. Continuing up > Morning arréaz Street, you will arrive at the rear Façade of the Town Council Building and to the Ad- The Cathedral Fortress ministration Vieja Square where the UNEd in the Cathedral Square, the Portal of the re- (Spanish Open University) is located in the for- naissance Cathedral Fortress can be admired mer XiX Century Las Puras School and inside as well as the Façade of the Episcopal Palace the Plaza Vieja (Constitution Square) where opposite the Cathedral. The Cathedral is only the Town Council is located, we have the Mo- open during Mass. The entrance for guided nument to Los Coloraos (The reds). tours inside the Cathedral is at a lateral street Continuing to the City centre through Mariana named after the great painter, Velazquez Street, we arrive at the emblematic Tiendas Street. Street and finally to the XVi Century Santia- Before beginning the tour of the Cathedral, go Church (Temple in honour of Saint Geor- our advice is to go to the corner of the Cathe- ge). There is a pedestrian street full of bars dral with Cubo Street to admire the emblem of next to the Temple where we can find the Xi the City of almeria the “Sol de Portocarrero”. Century Aljibes de Jairán (water cisterns). We continue on to the Paseo de Almeria and18 Leaving the Cathedral by the lateral door at then turn left to Puerta de Purchena, what Velazquez Street, turn right and go up the could be considered as the real City centre. street, at the end of which you will be able to in this Square, we can admire La Casa de las contemplate the lateral Portal of “Los Perdo- Mariposas, el Cañillo del Agua, the Statue nes” (the forgiveness) and continue to the XVi of Nicolas Salmeron y Alonso and we can Century Las Puras (Religious Order) Church also visit the Civil War Bomb Shelters ( Manuel and Convent with its Mudejar (pertaining to Perez Garcia Square). Moors in Christian land) Tower situated on a typical street of Moorish descent crowned by Now, we take Granada Street with an interes- the sight of the alcazaba overhead. ting variety of shops to Vilches Street, where we can promenade through the market and Strolling up Jose angel Valente Street, where admire the Bullring (polygonal base with 20 the poet’s house is located, we arrive at Cam- sides built in 1888, very lively during the Fair of almeria in august) To eat, you can visit the restaurants and tapa bars between La rambla and El Paseo, the Sea Promenade and the Zapillo neighbourhood. > afternoon:             The Archaeological Museum located at ron- da road will take you through the history of almeria from prehistoric settlements (argar and Los Millares) to roman and Moorish ti- mes. after the visit, we can walk down ronda > Sight-seeing train takes you to the most emblematic corners of the City.
  19. 19. > El Toyo Sea Balcony. play golf or enjoy a spa. Taking the coastal road towards Murcia, we enter the Natural Park Cabo de Gata (de- clared Costal and Land Natural Park and Bios- phere reserve by the UNESCO). you must see and visit Las Salinas, the beach and the Bird Observation Centre with more than 80 spe- cies including flamencos. To eat, you can reserve a paella in the fisherman’s neighbourhood of San Miguel de Cabo de Gata and enjoy beautiful fresh fish at the Salinas Beach, La Fabriquilla or at La alma- draba de Moneleva. > afternoon:road to the Centro de arte Museo de almeria Shopping in XIX Century Almeria(almeria’s modern art museum), where tem-porary exhibitions are held. The Museum is you can go shopping in the City Centre and at 19next to a building built in 1927, which is an the same time get to know some of almeria’sinteresting example of bourgeois architecture. past. Walking down El Paseo at the interSec-Opposite the Museum and the bourgeois Buil- tion with the pedestrian aguilar de Campooding, lies the Train Station built in 1893 as a Street, you can see the Main Façade of thegreat example of iron architecture. XiX Century Central Market, an example of iron architecture. Proceeding down El Paseo, we arrive at Navarro rodrigo Street, where the> Evening: Palacio de la Diputacion (Provincial Govern-dinner with a flamenco flair at Peña Fla- ment Building) is located. This Palace enclosesmenca El Morato (typical cave at Morato a splendid Patio de Luces (interior patio) whereStreet, Tel.: 675 525 460) or Peña El Taranto temporary art exhibitions take place. Following(aljibe de Jairan at Tenor iribarne Street, 20 Navarro rodrigo Street, we arrive at ObispoTel.: 950 235 460). Orberá rambla where the 1855 Compañía de Maria Convent is located. We take Obispo Orbera towards the Federico SaTUrday Garcia Lorca Rambla an extensive park full of ponds, fountains and garden areas. Now we promenade down towards the sea to the Pla-> Morning za de las Velas (Sails Square) where the Es-discover the Sun of almeria at El Toyo and tatua de la Caridad (Charity Statue 1897) isRetamar (highway in direction to Murcia). El located and on the opposite side of the streetToyo was built for the 2005 Mediterranean is the unique Casa de Gonzalez MontoyaGames celebrated in almeria. The area has (1928) also known as La Casa Montañesgreat areas to promenade or to relax; you can (“Mountain Chalet” pertaining to an archi-
  20. 20. > Spanish Civil War Bomb Shelter. tectural style from northern Spain). Now we na Street, you will come upon the Sanctuary finally arrive at the Nicolas Salmeron Park from of La Virgen del Mar (temple devoted to the where we can contemplate the Cable ingles (li- Our Lady of the Seas), where the image of the20 terally known as the English cable, the mineral Virgen, a Xiii-XiV Century Sculpture is kept. at Loading Pier built in 1904). The Cable ingles is the end of Gravina Street, we meet real Street linked to the Train Station through a railway and turn down towards the Port where we bridge all the way to the almadrabillas beach. arrive at Fuente de los Peces (the fish foun- tain) at the Nicolas Salmeron Park. Turning right up to the end of San Luis Promenade, > Evening: you will arrive at La reina Promenade, follow dining out and enjoying the night life: restau- the street all the way up to almanzor Street rants and bars in the centre of Town (between and you will finally arrive at the foot of the al- Paseo de almeria and Garcia Lorca rambla). cazaba which is located on the hill dominating the Medina. To eat: Nicolas Salmeron Park, the Marina and SUNday the beach promenade. > Morning: > afternoon: an inexcusable visit is to the Civil War Bomb To have a coffee, we recommend the Paseo Shelters located at Puerta Purchena at Manuel de almeria- La rambla area and the Sea Pro- Perez Garcia Square. Bomb resistant subterra- menade. nean galleries which conservation, dimensions Visit to the City beaches and importance make them unique in Spain Booking: 950 268 696 refugios@aytoalmeria.es > Evening: Leaving the Shelters at Pablo Cazard Street, Going for a walk and having dinner on the you will find the Arts Crafts School with a beach promenade or at the Old Quarter. XViii Century Cloister. Continuing down Gravi-
  21. 21. BA Art and culture > moorish almeria The Alcazaba > a BiT of hisTory The Alcazaba has 1,430 metres of walled pe-During the Moorish period, Almeria reached its rimetre; it is the second biggest Moorish con-maximum splendour, especially during the XI-XII struction after the Alhambra. In the X Century,Centuries, after the fall the Caliphate of Cordoba, Abderraman III ordered the Fortress to be builtbecoming a very populated and civilized area. after founding the City. The Fortress is structuredFrom this period, the Alcazaba is the most im- in three enclosures, the first two Moorish and theportant legacy that has endured till today. last one Christian. Works on the Christian enclo-After the fall of the City to the Catholic Kings on sure began after the Catholic Kings conqueredDecember 26 1489, Almeria fell into centuries the City in 1489.of decline. Only in the XVIII Century did Almeria The Fortress is located on a hill overlooking thebegin to prosper once again and especially at the primitive urban nucleus, la Medina. In the Firstmiddle and end of the XIX Century, as it had in Enclosure of today’s Alcazaba, there is an exten-Moorish times, due to the mining business and sive garden area and Moorish Aljibes.the cultivation of grapes which made the bour-geoisie prosper. The Great XI Century Palace of King Almotacín 21 is located in the Second Enclosure. This areaToday, Almeria has a firm economy based on was made up of a public area, where today, youtourism and agriculture (extensive greenhouse- can find Aljibes (water cisterns) from the Cali-horticulture production). phate period, a Christian arch which belonged to the residence of the first Christian governor, two reconstructed buildings, the Mudejar style > Gate to the Alcazaba.
  22. 22. Al-mariyat AA Bayyana There are remains of human settlements, caiceria (silk market), the atarazanas (ship- as far back as the Bronze age, on the hill yards) and the Zoco (market) stood. overlooking almeria where the alcazaba is al-Hawd and La Musalla were the religious located. Before roman times, there are re- and commercial neighbourhoods made up mains of Phonetician origin. From roman of independent nucleus separated by origin, times, there are many ceramic remains from creed and trade. in the years 1009-10, the the i Century to more elaborated pieces of Cordoba Caliphate Civil War began which fine pottery from late roman Era (V and Vi resulted in almeria becoming an indepen- Centuries). This means that there were sett- dent and thriving Taifas Kingdom. Jairan, lements around the bay of almeria, which at the death of Hixem ii of Cordoba, sieged depended on an interior urban nucleus (Urci) and took the City and almeria seceded from and served as its natural port before the City Cordoba (the Caliphate disintegrated) thus was founded in 955. We can see remains creating one of the Kingdoms of Taifa. Jai- from this period in many parts of the City. ran reinforced and extended the Walls of The first reliable news referred to almeria go the City. almotacin (one of the successors of back to the iX Century, in which abd al-rah- Jairan) surrounded himself with writers and man commissions a group of yemmenies to poets in a small court of scholars. defend the coast to impede Normand raids. in the Xi Century, almeria was the most im-22 Together with the indigenous population, portant international port in al-andalus. Silk a republic of sailors was formed in Pechina of excellent quality and different varieties (small village in the north of the City) which was the most exported product. almeria was thrived on commerce, especially with the famous for its textiles and for having many North of africa. Pechina grew and acquired textile workshops. despite its splendour, al- the characteristics of a true city which was meria was not able to withstand the siege named Bayyana and almeria was just a coas- of the almoravides (orthodox Muslims, origi- tal neighbourhood inhabited by fishermen nating from the Sahara-Mauritania area) and and merchants with a defensive tower to later on, the Christian kingdoms attracted by control the bay. the economic development invaded the City The defensive tower was situated on the in 1147 under alfonso Vii. in 1157, the al- highest point of the hill where the alcazaba mohades (orthodox Muslims from the North stands today, exactly in the third enclosure. of Morocco) conquered the City back into The Tower gives name to the City, al-mariyat Moorish hands; these ten years of Christian Bayyana the Tower of Pechina. after defea- domination produced an important econo- ting a Mozarabe (Christians of roman and mic downturn. Visigoth descent) uprising, abd al- rahman in the Xiii Century, after the almohades, the iii (912-961), moved the Capital from Pe- Nazaries period began. The Nazari dynasty china to the area surrounding the Tower (last Moorish dynasty in the Peninsula) cha- of Pechina and thus founded the City. The racterized itself by continuous internal dispu- Main Mosque was built and a wall was erec- tes in which almeria was involved. Finally du- ted linked to the Tower. The City was formed ring the 1488 and 1489 campaigns, almeria around a walled urban nucleus, La Medina, falls under Castilian dominance. where the Main Mosque or aljama, the al-
  23. 23. > The Christian Enclosure in the Alcazaba. 23chapel devoted to San Juan, public rest-rooms, with three characteristic towers: La del Homena-among other facilities. The House of Government je (of the homage), La Noria (waterwheel) andor Palace reception area was also located in the La Polvora (gun powder).central part of the Enclosure. The private quar- Almanzor Street, 04002 Almeria. Tel.: 950 175 500ters of King’s Almotacin’s Palace were located at Open: 1 November to 31 March, Tuesdays to Sun-the top part of the Enclosure nearest to the Third days, 9 pm to 6:30 pm; 1 April to 31 October 9 pmEnclosure. The only Remains of the Palace are the to 8:30 pm; Closed: 25 December and 1 January.private baths and the only wall to be standing is Musalla Neighbourhoodthe so called Mirador or Ventana de la Odalisca When the Cordoba Caliphate disintegrated, Al-(observation point or window to the harem). meria became an independent Taifa. A periodThis Window contains a curious legend referring of important demographic and economic deve-to a love story between a Christian prisoner and lopment followed due to the Cordoba Civil War,the Kings favourite concubine. which provoked a huge amount of population toFinally, the last Enclosure began to be built un- come to Almeria from Pechina in search of pro-der the Catholic Kings after conquering the City. tection. There were also a great number of trave-The Third Enclosure is a Christian castle inside a llers passing by Almeria; at that time, there wereMoorish fortress. It is made up of a big courtyard more than 1,000 lodging houses in the Aljibe
  24. 24. neighbourhood (Al-Hawd), today’s Pescaderia- continued through Obispo Orbera Street to Javier La Chanca. Sanz Street and then to La Rambla towards the The rapid growth of the population made the sea. The other Wall began in the fortress bulwark newcomers build their homes outside the Walls, and went down Reina Street and divided the therefore the Kings Jairan and Zuhayr expanded Medina from la Musalla. the Walls to the east to envelop the settlements The Musalla was the main market place; it in- and in this way, create the Musalla neighbour- cluded today’s Plaza Vieja, that was an area hood (the oratory). full of bazars and taverns. The most important streets were Real Street of Pechina (afterwards These Walls named after Jairan, begin in the First called Lenceria Street and today’s Las Tiendas Enclosure, go through the Hoya ravine to the San Street), Mar Street (today’s Real Street), both Cristobal hill (this part of the Wall continues were very important commercial areas. intact). From here, the Wall descends to Anto- nio Vico Street and Carmen to Puerta Purchena Square (before called Pechina), then the Wall > Jayran Wall.24
  25. 25. > La Medina, at the foot of the Alcazaba. 25Jairan Wall and San Cristobal Hill Mediterranean Sea was built in the XX CenturyFrom the Alcazaba descends the Wall towards (around 1930) and restored in the year 2000.the North across the Hoya ravine, this Wall con-tinues to the San Cristobal Hill. This part of the The Almeria Wall Interpretation CentreWall was built in the times of Jairan, XI Century The Almeria Wall Interpretation Centre situated(1012-1028). This is what remains of the Musalla on the corner of La Reina Street with NicolasWall that continued down to Antonio Vico Street. Salmeron Park contains remains of the Calipha-On the Hill, known in Moorish times as Monte La- te Wall that date back to the times the City washam there are 7 towers, three Moorish of square founded in the X Century and a fish-salting fac-construction and four Christian of semi-circular tory of Roman times.structure. The Christian towers were built by the Nicolás Salmerón Park corner La Reina Street.Templars who converted it into a fortress-chapel 04002 Almeria - Tel.: 950 250 286 Open Wednesday to Sunday 10h to 14h.after they conquered the City commanded by BUILDING ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLEAlfonso VII in 1147.This Hill has an incredible view on the City, and La Medinaon its summit, there is an impressive statue of La Medina was the first urban area of the City.the Sacred Heart of Jesus made of marble from Abderraman III Founded the City in 995 (XMacael. The Statue that blesses the City and the Century) and undertook the fortification of the
  26. 26. La Medina, and the construction of the Wall to defend the City, as well as the Main Mosque for prayer. The Wall extended from Mar Avenue to La Reina Street, then crossed diagonally from La Imagen Gate (at the beginning of La Reina Street) to La Sortida (Socorro Street), Pechina Path (Real de la Almedina Street) which belonged to the Medina of Caliphate times. Remains of the Wall still exist. Another principal street went along Cruces Ba- jas Street, to Santa Maria Street, to San Anton Street and finally to San Juan Street. The main streets had a minimum width (never exceeding 3m.) and were crossed by smaller narrower and winding streets. These smaller streets divided in smaller dead end alleys (as the one originated in Santa Maria Street).26 This complex organization of streets and alleys left no space for plazas and squares. The com- > Interior view of an Arab Aljibe. mercial quarter, formed by warehouses, markets and bazars was established around the Main Mosque. La Alcaiceria (luxury commercial area) was also situated around the Mosque. Las Ata- time. The Neighbourhood began at Mar Avenue razanas (shipyards) were located at Atarazanas all the way to the Caballar ravine. It was formed Street. They occupied a large area in the south- by fishermen, merchants and sailors of the west- east of the Medina. There were many smaller ern anchorage area. neighbourhoods surrounding La Medina with The Chanca neighbourhood started developing their own Mosque, for example today’s San An- in 1850. Its name means “establishment or fish- ton Chapel was a neighbourhood mosque. ing utensils warehouse”, where the fishermen The Aljibe neighbourhood stored their fishing apparel. This Neighbour- (Al-Hawd) hood was the Jewish quarter, especially near This Neighbourhood, today’s Pescaderia-La San Roque church, till they were expelled by Chanca, was the old Moorish Al-Hawd; it meant the Catholic Kings. Edrisi commented that the “aljibe” (water cistern). The name comes from an neighbourhood was densely inhabited with aljibe that existed in the Neighbourhood at the many baths, shops and taverns.
  27. 27. The Chanca has some magnificent viewpoints San Juan Churchover the City: Barranco de Greppi and Cerillo del (previous Main Mosque)Hambre. To reach the two viewpoints, go up Cara The Church was built on the remains of the for-Street and continue up one of the most typical mer Main Mosque of Almeria. The Mosque wasstreets: Hospicio Viejo Street. erected in the X Century; after the Catholic Kings conquered the City in 1489, it was converted intoAljibes Árabes the first Cathedral of the City.(Moorish water cisterns)Almeria in Moorish times did not have running However, after the earthquake in 1522, only thewater in the buildings therefore pillars and foun- primitive structure of the Mosque remained: thetains had to be projected. We have information of wall of the Quibla and the niche of the Mihrab,the waterworks in Almeria thanks to al-Himyari which belonged to the Oratory. The Mihraband al-Udri. According to al-Himyari, Jairan dur- Niche was rediscovered in the 1930s (XX Cen-ing his reign ordered the construction of a water tury) by Leopoldo Torres Balbas after remainingsystem; but al-Udri declared that it was built in hidden since the construction of the San JuanJairan’s successors reign, Zuhayr (1028-1038). In Church. The interior style is XII Century Almohad.any case, the Aljibes are known as Jairan’s. After the destruction of the Mosque, the BishopThe objective facts are that a water system was Portocarrero ordered the Church to be built at 27 the beginning of the XVII Century. During thebuilt from the fountains of the Alhadra to the Spanish Civil War, the Church suffered the con-higher part of the City, Puerta de Pechina (now sequences of the bombings as the Mudejar stylePuerta de Purchena), where in the XI Century roof was destroyed and only the outer walls re-Taifa period, aljibes for public use were put in mained. The Church was left abandoned in theplace. middle of the Old Quarter. In 1979, the ChurchOf the Aljibes built, there are only remains of was rehabilitated in order to celebrate Mass oncethree communicated naves. The Aljibes meas- again.ured 15 X 3.5 metres and were built with solid In 1991, the Church was restored by the Directionbricks and half barrel vault. These water cisterns General de Bienes Culturales de la Consejeria deare located at Tenor Iribarne Street. Medio Ambiente (Cultural and Patrimonial De-The total volume of water the Aljibes could store partment of the Government of Andalusia). Thewas 630,000 litres; this quantity was enough to Quibla and the Mihrab of the original Mosquesupply the City during a long siege. There were were recuperated and the Church received a newalso wells to supply waterwheels and water- roof, replacing the prefabricated roof from theways. 1979 reconstruction.12, Tenor Iribarne Street, 04001 Almeria.Tel.: 950 273 039 The XVII Century Façade of the Church, facingOpen: Monday to Friday 9 am to 2 pm and Satur- Cristo de la Buena Muerte Square, stands out duedays 10 pm to 12:30 am.
  28. 28. to its rusticated stone masonry. The Pediment is Puerta de Pechina (Pechina Gate) decorated with the coat of arms of the Bishop Puerta de Pechina was the most important en- Portocarrero by whose initiative the Temple was trance to the City; it was located at Manuel Perez erected. Garcia Square at the beginning of Tiendas Street. General Luque Street, 04002 Almeria. The Entrance was knocked down in 1855 to per- Tel.: 950 220 748 Open: Winter: 18 am to 6:30 am; Summer: 7 pm mit the modern City to expand. 7:30 pm. Calle de las Tiendas (literally: street of shops) Typical street of Moorish heritage, it follows Camino de Pechina and ends at Puerta de Pe- china. > Façade of the Church of San Juan (previously the Main Mosque of the City).28
  29. 29. > chrisTian almeria fortress; it had religious and defensive functions to protect the population from barbary pirates.The Cathedral The Main Façade of the Cathedral denotes itsThe Cathedral Square was designed in the XIX defensive characteristic: strong walls and coun-Century and has undergone remodelling sev- terforts. The decoration lies mainly on the Por-eral times, the last one in the year 2000. The XVI tal: the coat of arms of Charles I of Spain and V ofCentury Façade of the Cathedral-Fortress with its Germany and the bishop founder of the Cathe-Renaissance Portal presides the Square. dral, Fray Diego Fernandez de Villalan. The lateralThe construction of the Cathedral began in 1524, Portal, “Los Perdones” on Velazquez Street, is alsoafter the 1522 earthquake destroyed the first Ca- of Renaissance style although the decoration isthedral, situated on the site of the Main Mosque not as rich.in the Medina. The prime characteristic of the The interior is of Gothic style with a rectangularTemple lies on the fact that it is a Cathedral- nave; The Sacristan and the masonry work of > The Cathedral of Almeria. 29
  30. 30. the Choir are of Renaissance style from the art- (an important local businessman who had ist Juan de Orea. The Retro-choir and the Cloister earned fortune through the mining boom in are XVIII Century Neoclassic. The Cloister is the eastern Almeria) bought the plot and urbanized best example of a Neoclassical cloister in Spain. the Square in 1855. The Square, an ample space The High Altar, modified in the XVII Century, is flanked by straight streets (Castelar and San presided by a Tabernacle decorated as a retable Francisco), became a wealthy residential area with scenes of the life of the Virgen Mary and there and part of the City’s eastern expansion. are two antique XVI engravings of La Anunciacion The San Pedro Church, a magnificent example of and el Calvario de Cristo (the Annunciation and the Neoclassical style in Almeria together with the Torment of Christ) in the middle of the ensemble. Cathedral’s Cloister, was built between XVIII and The most important chapels are situated behind XIX Centuries on the ruins of the XVI San Fran- the High Altar in the Girola: San Indalecio, El Cristo cisco Convent. After the Desamortizacion, the de la Escucha (Christ who listens) and la Virgen de Convent was converted into today’s San Pedro la Piedad (Our Lady of Pity). Diocese. On the High Altar, there is an image of In the Cathedral Plaza opposite the Cathedral San Pedro were previously San Francisco stood. stands the XIX Century Episcopal Palace. The There is a big medallion of Saint Francis of As- Emblem of the City “Sol de Portocarrero” is on sisi and Santo Domingo de Guzman giving each30 the corner of one of the Cathedral’s towers at the other a hug with two angles representing the Calle Cubo which belongs to the Chapel Santo theological virtues of faith, hope and charity. Cristo de la Escucha. The Church conserves an antique XVII Century Catedral Square, 04001 Almeria. Chapel, the only part of the Convent recovered. Tel.: 950 23 48 48. The Main Façade of the Church is very unique, it Open: Monday to Friday 10h to 14h and 16h to 18h. presents a Portal between two twin towers; the MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED lateral Portal at Rodrigos Street is not as richly San Pedro Church decorated. The XX Century Tower hanging over The Square was designed in 1848 by order of the Rodrigos Street is of Historical style. San Pedro Square, 04001 Almeria. Civil Governor Eugenio Sartorius with gardens Tel.: 950 230 803 and a roundabout. The name of the Square has Open: Monday to Friday from 12:30 am to 1 pm changed from San Francisco to San Pedro; in 1862 and from 7 pm to 7:30 pm. it was named Isabel II and de la Libertad in 1868. Esclavas del Santísimo Sacramento The San Pedro (or Sartorius as it was named Convent at the middle of the Century) roundabout was The Convent was previously the old XVII Cen- built on the plot of the former Convent of San tury San Pedro el Viejo Church before the 1837 Francisco and its gardens. This land was expro- Mendizabal Desamortización (Mendizabal’s priated from the Spanish Catholic Church by the expropriation of Catholic Church patrimony) Desamortizacion Law of 1835. Ramon Orozco then the Diocese moved to the old San Francisco
  31. 31. Convent. At the end of the XIX Century, the Build- Portals: the Main Portal overlooking the Squareing was reformed and inaugurated by the Jesuit and a lateral Portal at Alcalde Muñoz Street. TheOrder at the beginning of the XX Century. After Tower of the Church has a characteristic polygo-being damaged during the Civil War, the Convent nal shape. On the Main Portal, there is a repre-was rebuilt. Today the Building is the closed Con- sentation of the martyrdom of San Sebastianvent of Las Esclavas del Santisimo Sacramento by Ventura Rodriguez and J. Antonio Munar. OnOrder. The last rehabilitation was done by Ra- the sides of the Church there are very powerfulmon de Torres. Its interior transmits peace of counter-fortes, strong walls and a very charac-mind and the ceiling is of a Mudejar style. teristic dome at Murcia Street. The Façade of theSan Pedro Street, 04001 Almeria.                   Church is presided by a lateral tower. San Sebastián Square, 04003 Almeria.San Sebastián Church Tel.: 950 231 195The San Sebastian Square gives the name to Open: Monday to Friday from 10 am to 11 am.the Temple located in the Square. From the XI MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLEDCentury, the Square was always one of the mostpopular areas of the City and a crossroad to thenorth-east and east of the Province. In Moorish > The San Sebastian Church.times, the Square was on the outskirts of theWall and presided by a mosque which in Chris- 31tian times became the temple of San Sebastian.In the XVIII Century, it was part of the City expan-sion area and became a square. Today, there is asmall Monument erected in honour of the Im-maculate Conception which was restored afterthe 1936 Civil War.The Church standing in the Square was a mosquein Moorish times which became the temple ofSan Sebastian. In the XVII Century, the Diocese ofSan Sebastian de las Huertas was founded; it isnamed after the popular name given to the plotit was founded on “San Sebastian de las Güertas”(“Güertas” local phonetic variation of “Huertas”{plot of land}). The Church was blessed in 1679by the Bishop D. Antonio de Ibarra; his coat ofarms decorates the lateral Portal. The Temple,predominantly Baroque was built between theXVII and XVIII Centuries. The Temple has two
  32. 32. Santo Domingo Church, the Sanctuary of La Virgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Sea) The La Virgen del Mar Square, designed in the middle of the XIX Century, is a tranquil spot lo- cated in the Old Quarter. The Square is presided by the Façade of the Sanctuary La Virgen del Mar (Our Lady of the Seas), popularly known as the Temple of the Patron. The Dominican Order is in charge of the Temple which is also known as the Santo Domingo Church. This Order founded Santo Domingo el Real Convent in the XVI Century occupying the land where the School of Arts and Patron’s Sanctu- ary are now located. The XII-XIV Century poly- chromed Image of the Virgen del Mar lies in the interior of the Temple. The Image was found next32 to a Atalaya (defensive tower) on the Torregarcía beach in 1502. The Square is furnished with gardens and foun- > Church of Santo Domingo or “Temple of the Patron”. tains and the bust of Father Vallarin. This Domin- ican Father lived most of his life in Almeria and distinguished himself by his dedication to the re- habilitation of the Sanctuary after the Civil War. Santa María Magdalena Royal Hospital and Chapel The Church, which has two XIX Century Portals, (called the Provincial Hospital) was hugely damaged during the Civil War. The El Hospital Provincial is one of the most antique Sanctuary had to be restored due to a terrible buildings conserved to this day. The Hospital fire. The interior of The Sanctuary is of Baroque was built by the initiative of the Bishop Fray style, decorated by Jesus de Perceval. We must Diego Fernandez de Villalan between the years highlight the Chapel which holds the original 1547 and 1557; Juan de Orea also participated Image of the Patron, Our Lady of the Sea. in the work. At the end of the XVIII Century, the Virgen del Mar Square,   04001 Almeria. ecclesiastical administration of the Hospital was Tel.: 950 237 948 Open: Monday to Sunday from 8 am to 12 am changed to a board of administration controlled and from 6 pm to 9 pm.        by both civilian and ecclesiastical authorities. In MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED PEOPLE 1777, the newly constituted Board of Adminis-
  33. 33. tration took on some important works on the Compañía de Maríabuilding. The XVI Century Courtyard was redone Church Conventduring the works taken on in the Hospital at the Restauracion Period (Spanish political period be-end of the XVIII Century. tween the end of the 1800s and the beginning of the 1900s) in Almeria meant a new implementa-The Main Façade, overlooking Hospital Street, tion of religious architecture with an importanthas a Neoclassic Portal built in 1778. The Portal number works taken on. Among the buildingis framed between two Jonic Pillars that sustain projects erected, the Compañía de María Churchan Entablature inscribed with the name of the Convent built by initiative of the Diocese PrelateHospital and the date. The Portal is crowned by a Jose Maria Orbera y Canton.balcony with a curved moulding with the RoyalCoat of Arms in its centre. The Ensemble is an The origin of the building was conceived by theexample of the transition between Baroque and Bishop Orbera, he wished to create a school ofNeoclassic Periods. free tuition, in order to do that he asked theHospital Street, 04002 Almeria Town Council for 8,851 metres of land in the Re-Tel.: 619 103 222                 ducto area. Once he was conceded his petition,Open: from Monday to Friday from 10:30 am to13:30 pm. he turned it down as he had found a better plot between Belen Rambla and Pescaderia Prom- 33 > Retable of Santiago Church.
  34. 34. enade (today’s Obispo Orbera) which was being Queen, Isabel of Castile died) Teresa Enriquez built at that time. This change of location modi- modified the Governor’s Will by giving the Con- fied substantially the terms of the project as the vent to the Order of Our Lady of the Immaculate previously chosen area at the west of the City Conception (Las Puras). was mainly a workers neighbourhood, therefore This Convent was built on what were originally free tuition was needed, in contrast to the final three houses with a plot and a tower each. The area chosen in the bourgeois east expansion area Gutierrez de Cardenas family possessed the land of the City. in the Musalla neighbourhood which coincide The Architect was Enrique Lopez Rull, the works with today’s Cervantes Street, Eusebio Arrieta started in 1882 and the School was inaugurated Street, Sanchez Toca Street and San Fernando in 1885. The Nave is of rectangular shape and the Square (today’s Administracion Vieja Square). Main Façade overlooks Obispo Orbera Rambla. The Plot covered the whole block leaving out the The central part of the plot is occupied by the Diocesan School which has ceased to exist. Church, the Convent and the School are on the The Convent is made up of the Church, Cloister sides of the Church. The architectural styles are and the access area to Cervantes Street with a XIX Medieval Historicism with Gothic and Roman- Century Portal and the Cloister situated behind esque roots.34 it. The Main Façade of the Church Convent dating Las Puras Church Convent from the XVIII Century is characterized by its so- The Closed Convent of the Order of Franciscan ber style and its Baroque Portal and XVII Century Sisters (also known as Real Monasterio) rep- Mudejar Tower. The Church is a boxed style nave resents one of the most important artistic en- with a beautiful interior; XVIII Century Baroque sembles of the City, declared of Spanish Cultural decoration highlighted in the High Altar. Interest in 1982. The construction took place in 1515 (the oldest in Almeria) when the Convent > The Façade of Las Puras Church Convent. was founded. The site was on a plot of Moorish houses donated by Gutierrez de Cardenas, the first Christian Governor of the City. The styles represented go from the Mudejar to the Baroque including abundant reforms and transforma- tions. In 31 May 1498, Gutierrez de Cardenas in Alcala de Henares in his Last Will and Testament ordered a convent to Saint Clair to be founded. In 1503 at the death of Gutierrez de Cardenas, King Fernando the Catholic acceded to this, but his wife (King Fernando remarried after his wife and
  35. 35. In the Cloister, there are remains of Gothic style pearance of the Main Façade of the Convent andPortal in the cemetery and four salomonic reta- adoption of the same architectural style of thebles covered with paradise birds that were re- Square.formed in the XVIII and XIX Centuries. One of the The Convent has gone through different vicis-chapels of the Church is named after the founder situdes: the first transformation in 1811 whenof the Convent Santa Beatriz. This is the Chapel Jovellanos Street was inaugurated facing theMausoleum of the Family of Jesus de Perceval. Convent’s garden in 1837, the DesamortizacionThe Cratícula (barred window) is situated under Law converted the Convent into the Civil Gov-the choir, it is an old oratorio from where the ernment and the Local Provincial Governmentnuns acceded to be given communion through Building, therefore the nuns had to move to Lasan annexed door. The Church is decorated with Puras Convent; and the Convent being set afire inpaintings of the Virgen Mary except the Angus- tragic circumstances during the Civil War wheretias which is of a different theme; the paintingsare of the XVIII Century painter from Lorca, An-tonio Garcia. > The Portal of Las Claras Church Convent.Cervantes Street (entrance to the Convent) andGeneral Castaños Street, corner to José ÁngelValente Street (entrance to Church).04003 Almeria. 35Tel.: 950 238 906Open: Monday to Sunday from 4 pm to 6 pm.Las Claras Church ConventEl Real Monasterio of Santa Clara (Royal Monas-tery of Saint Clair) first appeared in the Last Willand Testament of Jeronimo Briceño de Mendozain 1590. The works began in 1719 and only fin-ished in 1756 due to economic difficulties. Oncethe works were finished, the nuns occupied theConvent. The plot originally occupied the Consti-tution Square, Mariana Street and Marin Streetto the interSection with Lectoral Sirvent Street.The inauguration of Jovellanos Street in the gar-den area of the Convent gave way to the creationof a new façade (main one) and the eliminationof the garden area and the Convent infirmary.The modification of the Constitution Squarebetween 1824 and 1846 provoked the disap-
  36. 36. only the Church remained intact. The Convent had to be rebuilt during the post-war The Portal of the Main Façade at Jovellanos Street has an semi-circular arch with entwined mouldings framed between two half columns over a plinth that hold a entablature crowned by a curved moulding which holds the vaulted niche with the image of Saint Clair. The lateral Portal at Mariana Street has a more sober style. Jovellanos Street, 04003 Almeria Tel.: 950 234 692 Open: Monday to Sunday from 6 pm to 6:30 pm. Summer: Monday to Sunday from 6:30 pm to 19 pm. MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE FOR DISABLED Santiago Church The Church, founded by the Catholic Kings in 1494, was included in the diocese division of the36 City, implemented in order to Christianize the > Santiago Church. inhabitants. The Building, designed by Juan de Orea under Bishop Fray Diego Fernandez de Villalan, was built between 1553 and 1559. The Temple in its first phase is of Mudejar style (Mudejar pertains Main Portal overlooking Hernan Cortes Street, to Muslims that continued living in Christian crowned by the Church Tower and a Lateral conquered land) due to the political urgency of Portal (due to its beauty, it is considered as the the construction of the Church to consolidate Main one ) decorated in Renaissance style with Christianity. This made the quality of the con- a relief of Santiago Matamoros (St. James the struction of the first phase to be relatively poor. Moor slayer). The interior of the Church contained Mudejar Tiendas Street, 04003 Almeria style wood-works on the ceiling. But all in all, Tel.: 950 237 120 Open: Mondays to Fridays from 9:30 am to 12 am the Church has a Renaissance structure. The and from de 6 pm to 7 pm. Church was seriously damaged during the Civil MONUMENT ACCESSIBLE TO DISABLED PEOPLE War, the Mudejar wood-works and other artistic treasures were destroyed. The Temple was de- San Roque Church clared a XVI Century Spanish Artistic and Historic The Church, blessed in 1893, is located in the Monument. The Temple has two Portals , the Old Aljibe neighbourhood (today’s Pescaderia-
  37. 37. La Chanca). The structure of the Church has clear San Anton ChapelNeoclassical influences in a general Classical ec- (Chapel in honor of Saint Anthony)lecticism. The Tower, in the centre of the Façade, The Chapel, previously a mosque, gives namefollows the Civilian architecture of the time, of to one of the most popular neighbourhoods inwhich the Town Council building is an example. Almeria. Each year in January “rabicos” (pigtails)This model will influence subsequent temples are auctioned and bonfires are lit in honour of San Anton.From this small Church you can accede down toMalaga Road through an elegant stairway. The In 1877, the Bishop Orbera organized a smallChurch has been renovated from the ground convent in the houses adjacent to the Chapel toup several times, since it was built over the old home the nuns of the Santa Clara Convent thatmosque that belonged to the neighbourhood. were expelled due to State expropriation of theFrom the moment it was founded, the Temple Convent. The nuns lived there until 1899. Thewas dedicated to San Roque protector against Chapel continued being a public place of prayerthe plague. The Church was redesigned at the and in 1908, a Grotto to Our Lady of Lourdes wasend of the XIX Century and in the year 1900, the inaugurated and quickly became very popular.Diocese was founded. The Church suffered the After being severely damaged during the Civilconsequences of the 1936-1939 Civil War. War, the Diocese of San Juan Evangelista was3, Corbeta Street, 04002 Almeria. established 37Tel.: 950 275 108 San Antón Street. 04002 Almeria. > San Roque Church.
  38. 38. > The old Railway Station.38 > iron archiTecTure in almeria half of the XIX Century. Iron was used instead of traditional materials (stone and brick) because Train Station of its capacity to support great weights and cov- The arrival of the train to Almeria is essentially linked to the extraction of iron ore from the er large areas. Glass was used to cover walls and mountains of the interior. A cheap way of trans- ceilings as it was very light and very appropriate port was needed to transport the mineral from for light-weight and open-plan constructions. the mines in Alquife (Province of Granada) and The Main Façade, facing the Estacion Square, is Sierra de los Filabres mountains (Province of a divided in three parts. The Main Entrance, built Almeria) to the Port of Almeria. The Almeria- with the two typical materials of the time: iron Guadix railway was inaugurated in 1895, and and glass, has a huge monumental glass Portal afterwards continued to Linares. This linked over the Entrance making it at the time, worthy Almeria to the rest of Spain by rail. to receive the people of Almeria who travelled The Old Train Station Central building is a beau- in such a modern way of transport. The lateral tiful example of Iron Architectural style used in wings are made of stone covered by brick and industrial and functional buildings in the second glazed ceramics.
  39. 39. El Cable Inglés using new materials such as iron in the construc-The Mineral Loading Pier called “Cable Ingles” tion of the Mineral Loading Pier. The Cable Ingles(literally the English Cable) is located on the Al- lies on a beach next to the Port and is linked tomadrabillas beach next to the Levante dock and the Train Station through a railway bridge.is linked by a railway bridge to the Train Station. The Cable Ingles is made up of two parts: theThe Pier was built and owned by an English min- rails that link the Train Station to the Pier anding company “The Alquife Mines Railway Limited”, the Loading Pier itself where the trains unloadedwhich obtained the mining concession in 1901 directly onto the ships’ holds. The railway linkageand immediately started the building process. to the Pier is built on semi-circular stone arches fastened to the rails by huge iron beams. In 1998The Pier is a masterpiece of the Iron Architecture the Cable Ingles was declared Bien de Interesof the beginning of the XX Century. Building the Cultural (of Spanish Cultural Interest) for its his-Cable Ingles was possible due to the existence of toric, symbolic and aesthetic valuesthe Port and the Railway. The Project was eclectic Playa de las Almadrabillas (Almadrabillas beach).but it introduced an all new architectural style, 04001 Almeria. > A night view of el Cable Ingles. 39
  40. 40. Central Market Building project to build the Market in the Old Quarter The construction of a public market had been on was cancelled. the drawing board for some time. At the begin- In the El Paseo Prolongation Project taken on ning of the 1840s, the Market was to be built in by the architect Jose Marin Baldo, there was the Old Quarter to therefore conserve the exist- a plot reserved in centre of the expansion area ing market at the Constitution Square. for a public market and fish stalls. From then on, In the second half of the XIX Century, the City ex- several projects were forwarded but non imple- panded towards the new bourgeois Levante area mented until 1892 that Antonio Martinez Perez (the east, El Paseo) and in doing so, the City’s was finally adjudicated the project.40 Monument to Tolerance AA Next to the Cable ingles in the almadrabillas Park lies the Monument dedicated to the people of almeria who were victim of the Nazi Holocaust. The author is Mª angeles La- zaro Guil. The Monument was inaugurated in 1999 by the initiative of the last person from almeria who survived a concentration camp: antonio Muñoz Zamora; antonio saved his life thanks to another Spaniard, who filled in his admission file to the gas chamber with the word “exterminated”. The Monument remembers the 252 persons from almeria imprisoned in the Mauthau- sen and Gusen concentration camps of which 142 did not survive. The Monument has 142 cement columns for each deceased person; the Columns surround a central sculpture which represents the forced labour that the prisoners were subject to.
  41. 41. The future Market had an ideal location in themiddle of the bourgeois expansion area betweenObispo Orbera Street and El Paseo. The Main Fa-çade of the Market faces El Paseo through thepedestrian Aguilar de Campoo Street.The Market, restored in 1982, has been con-served intact to our days. The Market Project wasbased on the Iron Architecture of the time as thismaterial was used in most of the structure. TheBase and the Pavilion of the Main Façade weremade with masonry and brick and stone-work.The roof structure is made of metal and rollerblinds and glass cover the walls. On the Princi-pal Portal at Aguilar de Campoo Street, there is afemale statue carrying a basket of fruit symbol-izing abundance. 41 > almeria ThrouGh The cenTuries > Sol de Portocarrero, the City’s emblem on the Fortified Tower at Calle Cubo.Bendicho SquareThe Square, born under the protection of the the City “La Casa de los Puche” is situated inCathedral, is situated in the middle of the Old the Square; an old noble family that arrived inQuarter (the old Musalla neighbourhood). The Almeria with the first Christian settlers in 1494.Square was one of the favourite residential areas The House structured in two floors, the first floorof the aristocracy from the XVI to XVIII Centuries. for house workers and the second floor whereFrom this Square, the merlons and fortified tow- the owners lived. The Façade includes a Portalers of the Cathedral can be contemplated. These with a semi-circular arch over which the fam-elements belong to the Cathedral’s ambulatory, ily coat of arms lies. The Balcony placed directlywhere on the exterior wall the high relief of the over the Portal has a very beautifully decoratedCity emblem “Sol de Portocarrero” overlooks railing.pass-byers. The Square is named after Juan F. Next to the Casa de los Puche on the same side ofJuan Leon Biendicho y Quelty who was born in the street lies the XIX Century “Casa de la Musica”Malaga in 1809; he changed his residence to which has been restored and now is the Patro-Almeria when he married Doña Dolores Puche. nato Provincial de Turismo (Provincial TourismFrom the XVIII Century, The oldest house in Board) Building.
  42. 42. The bust of the poet “Celia Viñas” presides the centre of the Square. Celia Viñas teacher and literate, promoted literature in Almeria in post- war Spain. In the last days of the XX Century, Ronda Beato Diego Ventaja (Ronda as synonym to Street), was opened to the public. This Street begins in the Square and goes along the southern side of the Cathedral permitting pedestrians to admire the powerful walls of the Cathedral. Constitución Square (Plaza Vieja) The oldest Square of the City is a very unique and The Watch on the Town Council Building intimate place. Activities such as games, fiestas, The Clock on Town Council plays bullfights, processions and other types of pa- the popular melody of el Fandan- rades have been held there. guillo of almeria every quarter of an hour and at each o’clock the42 In Moorish times, the Square had an irregular complete song. structure and was the main marketplace of the City. In Christian times, it will be known as “Juego de las Cañas” (game of canes). In the middle of the XIX Century the Square obtains its final lay out two-storey homes and arcades. The Square is ment to the Martyrs of Liberty. An Obelisk dedi- slightly trapezoid and maintains the characteris- cated to 24 liberals who landed on the beaches tics of XIX Century closed squares. of Almeria dressed in red (this is why they are The Square is presided by the Town Council called “Los Coloraos” (“The Reds”)), to proclaim Building. The Building, finalized between the liberty and the constitution against the despot- XIX and XX Centuries, has an eclectic style. The ism of Fernando VII. They were executed by firing Façade is divided in three parts: the arcades with squad in 24 August 1824. The first Monument, the semi-circular arches; the Main Front more from 1868-1870 was located in Cadiz Square elaborate, including balconies; and the third (today’s Purchena Square) and in 1900 it was tier with attic flats. In the upper centre part of moved to the Plaza Vieja until it was destroyed the Façade, stands a Tower with a semi-circular in 1943. The first Monument was made of stone dome where the clock and Emblem of the Town and today’s Monument, rebuilt by donations Council lie. from the citizens of Almeria, is made of marble. In the middle of the Square stands the Monu- It has a great pedestal from which a column
  43. 43. rises and becomes a beautiful Corinthian stylecapital, ending in a bronze sphere surrounded byspines or sunrays. This characteristic Monumentis known as the “Monument” or the “Pinguruchoa los Coloraos” (column in honour of the reds).In the northern part of the Square lies el Con-vento de las Claras rebuilt after suffering a fireduring the Spanish Civil War.Culture Casino > The interior of the Cultural Casino.The Culture Casino is of today’s Central Gov-ernment Delegation Building. Originally a XIXCentury bourgeois Palace was declared SpanishHistoric Monument in 1982. The Monument is The Culture Casino, founded by Joaquin dean example of the Historical architectural style Vilches in 1840, was definitively taken to El Pa-of the time. seo after considering alternative possibilities. El Culture Casino was established in what was the > Pingurucho or the Column in honour of home of Emilio Perez Ibañez, who had been an 43 The Coloraos at Plaza Vieja. important member of the local bourgeoisie in the Restauracion (political period in which the Bourbon Family were again on the Throne 1874- 1931). The Project was implemented by Enrique Lopez Rull a very important architect of the time. In the 1920s, different reforms were made in the Building; being the most important the works on the Dancing Hall and the Moorish decoration of the Arabe Hall. The Casino was a place of cultural activities and round tables of conversation over City novelties, local industry and agriculture. Nevertheless, People also relaxed playing games, billiards and chess. The Building was partially burnt down in the Civ- il War due to bomb raids and being abandoned. In 1940, the Building was restored but between
  44. 44. 1950 and 1960 it was once again abandoned un- from the functional building models imple- til the Junta de Andalucia (Government of Anda- mented during the II Spanish Republic develo- lusia) acquired the Building through an embargo ped by Guillermo Langle. The Local Municipal due to tax debts. Police Station at Santos Zarate Street is a good The Façade of the Monument is of Historical style example. The Main Façade is a pavilion with a with a typical bourgeois stone base structure, continuous window, forming long friezes and that holds a semi-basement and monumental a marquee in the entrance with two columns. Portal crowned by a balcony with Classicists The Entrance has a concave form so it adapts to influences. The Building includes an ample en- Barcelona Square. This contrasts with the circu- trance way for horse carriages and an artistic lar forms of the lateral shapes in the lobby that stairway hand-rail. give the Building such a creative freedom that Paseo de Almería. the Junta de Andalucia declared the Station of Old Bus Station Cultural Interest. Barcelona Square. Built in 1952 and designed by the architect Gui- llermo Langle Rubio. Careaga Square The Bus Station was essential for the City as Irregular urban spaces in the Old Quarter gave44 communications by rail were very scarce; there- way to the creation of squares during the XVIII fore links to the towns in the Province and cities and XIX Centuries. These squares were usually in of bordering provinces were necessarily ad- the neighbourhoods of the more privileged as dressed by road. for example Carreaga Square, which is similar to The Building is a good example of the Architec- a peaceful interior courtyard. tural Rationalism of Almeria which comes back The Square is named after the Family Carreaga > The old Bus Station.

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