Hypothesis Testing Model

Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade)
Teacher: Nawal Almasmari
Date: January 10,2010


        Observati...
Hypothesis Testing Model

Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade)
Teacher: Nawal Almasmari
Date: January 20, 2010

        Observati...
Hypothesis Testing Model

Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade)
Teacher: Nawal Almasmari
Date: January 27, 2010

        Observati...
Hypothesis Testing Model

Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade)
Teacher: Nawal Almasmari
Date: February 5, 2010

        Observati...
Hypothesis Testing Model



Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade)
Teacher: Nawal Almasmari
Date: February 25, 2010

        Observ...
Case Study: Tahanie

       In my Arabic Language Arts class, I have chosen to do a case study on a student named

Tahanie...
What stands out most in Tahanie is her great personality and her truthfulness. She always tells

the truth even if she kno...
have problems with word sounds and comprehension and vocabulary. I try not to treat them differently

from her classmates....
When they were together, everything was a joke. When I separated them, Hajer did better on her own,

but Tahanie still nee...
actually saw what happened. She could of gotten away with it, but chose not to. That is a great

attribute in a student. I...
reading a script adapted from literature , and the audience picturing the action from hearing the script

being read aloud...
it. That is the worst thing you could do to a child. We need to build their self-confidence and their self-

esteem and sh...
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Case study tahanie

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Case study tahanie

  1. 1. Hypothesis Testing Model Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade) Teacher: Nawal Almasmari Date: January 10,2010 Observation Inferences Hypothesis Curricular Decision • She doesn't • Maybe it is • Perhaps she • I will focus want to learn. because she needs more on She just wants reads below encouragement Tahanie and to play. grade level and from her encourage her struggles with teacher and to read more in comprehension, classmates. class. phonics and • I will also place vocabulary. • She needs to her with a good read more and reader to help • Maybe she is to be given her in class. not confident in reading herself. strategies.
  2. 2. Hypothesis Testing Model Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade) Teacher: Nawal Almasmari Date: January 20, 2010 Observation Inferences Hypothesis Curricular Decision • Tahanie's major • Maybe it is • Would • I will have weakness is because she is explaining the Tahanie repeat being stressed fooling around instructions the instructions out and and doesn't individually to to me. This confused when listen to the Tahanie help way, I will she doesn't instructions. her understand definitely know understand • Perhaps fooling the lesson? that she knows what is going on around is a way what is going in the to cover up the on. classroom. fact that she doesn't comprehend what is going on.
  3. 3. Hypothesis Testing Model Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade) Teacher: Nawal Almasmari Date: January 27, 2010 Observation Inferences Hypothesis Curricular Decision • Tahanie is • Perhaps it is a • If I explain to • I will make sure constantly way to cover her the lesson in to make the disrupting class the fact that she terms that she lesson with her does not know understands innovative and silliness. what we are and in a way fun and make discussing in that interests sure her class. her, she will interaction with stop playing classmates is around. about the lesson of the day.
  4. 4. Hypothesis Testing Model Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade) Teacher: Nawal Almasmari Date: February 5, 2010 Observation Inferences Hypothesis Curricular Decision • Tahanie has low • She gives up • If Tahanie feels • I will make sure self esteem. easily. that she is to focus on all • She believes actually her positive that she will learning aspects and never learn and something and positive it is hopeless. good at it, she achievements, • She says she is will try to excel thus raising her like that with in class. self esteem and all her classes. encouraging • She says that her to work she is a hopeless hard. case.
  5. 5. Hypothesis Testing Model Student: Tahanie ( 5th grade) Teacher: Nawal Almasmari Date: February 25, 2010 Observation Inferences Hypothesis Curricular Decision • Today, Tahanie • Maybe they are • If I separate • I will constantly is overly trying to defer them and put call on them disruptive and us from the them at the and keep them talking lesson. front of the on task. constantly to • Perhaps they classroom, they • I will give them her cousin, are trying to get will be forced to a chance to tell Hajer. my attention. focus on the us of any news lesson on hand. or special event that they may want to discuss with the class.
  6. 6. Case Study: Tahanie In my Arabic Language Arts class, I have chosen to do a case study on a student named Tahanie. Tahanie is a student who stands out from her peers. She always has something to say. There are many issues that need to be attended to. In class, she displays strengths and weaknesses. She has good self esteem except when it comes to reading, whether it's Arabic and English. I believe that through differentiating teaching, I could help eliminate a few of her weaknesses and sharpen her strengths allowing her to become a much better student and show her that she can read and she can understand. Tahanie is in the Fifth grade and she just goes to school basically to have fun. Getting an education and all that come with it are just part of the package that she has to accept. She forgets to do her homework and doesn't even try to read. She reads below grade level and struggles with comprehension, phonics and vocabulary. Feelings of defeat have turned off her desire to read and she exhibits inappropriate behaviors to hide her inability to read and comprehend. She reads very little and does not like to read. She lacks effective word attack skills and exhibits poor comprehension skills and has limited vocabulary. She immediately says, “ I don't know how to read, so why should I even try?” She has to be encouraged by me and her classmates to try to read. Physically, she looks normal for her age and a little overweight and pale skinned. She is so fun and really lights up a room. She can come into the classroom and her classmates are quietly working and make one funny remark and you can see the whole class smile and can hear some giggling. She is a Yemeni-American Muslim and she proudly where her Islamic clothes. She wears a colorful hijab ( covering for the head completely covering all hair) and a black jilbab (a long loose fitting garmet) and gym shoes. She also always wears dark colored hoodies. I have till yet to see her without one and the hood is on her head of course. She will only take it off when I tell her. She says that she feel comfortable wearing it. It is also a way for her to try to get away when we practice choral and repeated readings, but I always catch her and then she reads with the class.
  7. 7. What stands out most in Tahanie is her great personality and her truthfulness. She always tells the truth even if she knows she will be in deep trouble. She is also easily distracted and needs to be redirected back to the lesson a few times. She always seems confused when she is distracted and you could tell in her eyes. I could see through her eyes that she is lost and confused and I have to put her back on the right track. Her eyes widen with anticipation when I am reading a story or if we are doing art. She wants to learn and become a better student but she needs more motivation. She is a hardworking student when she wants to. I believe that every student has the power to succeed, we just need to figure out what motivates them and help figure out the obstacles that stand in their way. I need to find out Tahanie's weakness. She has the willpower to be a better student. The class is a cooperative learning classroom, desks are arranged in groups of four. I let the students sit where they wanted for the first week and then I assigned seats based on what I noticed and their levels. I specifically made sure to separate Tahanie from her cousin, Hajer. When they sit together, they can't focus on the lesson at hand and they play around. I also made sure to put Tahanie in the group at the front of the classroom so that I can always see what she is doing even when I am at my desk. I believe that Tahanie has a short attention span. She has the same interests as her classmates and she is a very caring person. I know she loves music and Hanna Montana. She also loves shopping and playing with her friends. She still acts like a little child and just wants attention, not caring for the type of attention she is getting. So, I try to give her as much positive attention as I can. This, in turn, shows her that she doesn't have to be disruptive to get attention. She is interested in team activities if the group does everything for her. To remedy that, I make sure that each team member has a job and the group gets two grades, individually and cooperatively. That helps her focus more, especially when her classmates encourage her to do her job for the good of the team. She doesn't like to do individual work because she is a struggling reader who needs help with comprehension and vocabulary. I am always guiding her through her work. What I do at the beginning of the year with every class is that I test them on the basics. Tahanie and a couple of other students
  8. 8. have problems with word sounds and comprehension and vocabulary. I try not to treat them differently from her classmates. I always review with the class the basics and focus on the struggling students. Tahanie's parents try to help her at home,but she really tries their patience and always manages not to finish her work. She is the middle child and her older sister tries to take advantage of her and her younger siblings look up to her. I have met her family and they are very nice people who want their children to have what they couldn't get, an education. Her cousin, Hajer, lives next door and when they get together to study, they just goof around. Her social weakness is never taking anything seriously. Everything to her is a joke. If she is struggling with something, she will joke about it and try to change the subject. She never wants to try anything hard. She just gives up before even trying. I just keep on encouraging her and telling her to just try and I won't grade her on the first try. Tahanie's major weakness is being stressed out and confused when she doesn't understand what is going on in the classroom. Add on top of that, she laughs it off instead of trying to understand it. She gets really stressed out when it is time to do a quiz, but doesn't even try to study for it. She says that she will never get a good grade and so she doesn't even try. On her midterm, she was really stressed out about it, but didn't even try to study for it or ask for help. I told her that she can do it if she tried. I think that it is great that a student frets about their grade, but they also have to work hard to achieve a good grade and know that they won't get it any other way. Instead of trying to improve her grade, she is stressing out about getting the bad grade. She gets easily confused and easily distracted. I always ask questions throughout the lesson to make sure that students are paying attention and understanding what is being taught. I tried out a new technique with her, hoping that something good will come out of it. I took her aside during gym(she wasn't happy about that) and reviewed with her the letters combinations and sounds. I worked with her on a practice exam and went through it with her one by one and she got it. She couldn't believe that it was that simple. I explained to her that she just had to try and that I was always there to help her. Her eyes twinkled and her face lighted up. She had finally gotten it! She really felt good about herself and separating her from Hajer helped a great deal.
  9. 9. When they were together, everything was a joke. When I separated them, Hajer did better on her own, but Tahanie still needed one on one help. She needs attention and I will make sure that most of the attention is positive. I always make sure to catch at every good thing she does, no matter how small or minute. She loves when I say, “Tahanie, I am so proud of you today. You were well behaved and you helped your group with the work.” After that, she really tries to be good and focuses more on the task at had than when I tell her to stop misbehaving. It is hard to do sometimes, but I try to focus on the positive. She is always worried about not doing good on the spelling tests and failing the exams so she doesn't even try. Although Tahanie does have weaknesses, she has some strengths that accompany them and they are what will help her excel as a student. After setting her in the front of the class, she complained and then said, “I guess that is the only way I will learn. Okay, I 'll stay and see.” Now, she loves where she is sitting. She has never been late or absent for school. That is not a student who doesn't like school. Even if she was feeling sick, she still came to school and wouldn't go home. Her handwriting is so beautiful. You wouldn't believe that this is the same student who is struggling in her studies. I have her write on the board and her group has her do most of the writing because it is so great. In handwriting, she gets the best grades and is always the first to finish it. She has a great memory. She remembers the story that we read the previous week and can retell it. She is always asking questions when she is paying attention. She loves role-playing and reader's theater. She loves acting out a short story. She has a way about her that makes everything she does interesting. She loves capturing the class's attention. Tahanie is a great student with great manners and is always polite when I speak with her. Tahanie's greatest strength is her truthfulness. One day, she was running outside after school with her friends and they really pushed hard on a side window of the school. It had been hit throughout the year and had gotten weaker and weaker. Tahanie's push finally put a crack in it. Instead of blaming her classmates or at least taking partial blame. She admitted responsibility and her parents paid for the window and they were a low income family. She didn't try to lie her way out of it because no one
  10. 10. actually saw what happened. She could of gotten away with it, but chose not to. That is a great attribute in a student. Instead of punishing her gravely, I lightened her punishment because she told the truth. Truthfulness to me is the most important thing. Accidents happens and people make mistakes, but the people who own up to their mistakes are the ones who learn from their mistakes. That is what I tell my students. Honesty is the best policy. I tell them that if they constantly lie, people will start to mistrust them. I always use Tahanie as an example when talking about honesty. I believe that by removing Tahanie from her cousin, placing her in the front of the classroom, focusing on the positive and working one on one with her that I could improve her strengths and weaknesses. I would begin by writing the unfamiliar words of the story on the board and explaining them in familiar words and using them in sentences. Then I will have each group give one sentence for the words. This helps them with their vocabulary and comprehension and they will be more confident when reading the story and will be more familiar with the words. I will also do choral reading and give each group a specific passage to review and then read together. This way students with different reading levels will help each other with reading. Peer teaching is a great strategy. This way students strengthen each other's reading and comprehension skills. If this doesn't work, I will also write the letters of each word separately on the board and have the students connect the letters to make syllables and the syllables to make words. This way they understand that no matter how big and unfamiliar the word is, they can separate it into syllables and sounds. I will also work one on one with Tahanie to help her in comprehension and vocabulary. These strategies will help Tahanie in different ways. She will be able to keep up with her fellow peers and won't have to cover with inappropriate behaviors. She won't be so reluctant to read and will be confident when reading. She will also not feel like the only one who needs extra help because the whole class is working with phonemic sounds and we are learning at her level without her feeling intimated. We will also do reader's theater. It is an integrated approach for involving students in reading, writing, listening and speaking activities. Through reader's theater, students can share literature, read aloud, write scripts, and working collaboratively. It is readers
  11. 11. reading a script adapted from literature , and the audience picturing the action from hearing the script being read aloud and from the student's facial expressions. It is a way for the students to express themselves with literature and put their own personality into it. I find that when we haven't done reader's theater for a while, Tahanie asks for it by name. Another aspect of one on one teaching and constantly reviewing the reading basics and activities would be to clearly outline what is needed from the class that day. I must make sure that all students know what needs to be done. This makes what is expected of the students crystal clear. I also keep folders of the students' work from different times through out the school. I can use the folder to show the student how much they have improved or to try to figure out why they haven't improved as mush as I would of liked them to. This way students can keep themselves in check before their parents see their work. This way they can clearly see their growth ans see their achievements . They will also understand why they got the grade that they got. Tahanie gets a chance to see her performance and see her highs and lows and I also give her a chance to correct her mistakes and I give her extra credit work to help improve her grade. The folders also give me a chance to evaluate myself as a teacher and to see what I should review with the students and what they have actually learned in the classroom. I will also see the pace of the classroom as a whole and focus on the students who needs extra help. Tahanie is a wonderful student and through one on one teaching and focusing more on her positives and paying more attention to her and raising her self esteem, I believe that she will pass this Arabic language arts class this year. She will have a hard time because she usually doesn't work hard, but the results will help her get enthusiastic about getting better. Shew ill finally put an effort into learning and trying in class. The fact that she has a small attention span and gets easily frustrated is what makes her lose focus in the classroom. Tahanie is a hardworking student when she is motivated and her motivation rubs off on the other students. It is contagious,even her cousin, Hajer is working harder to get better grades. I believe that all students, if given a chance will excel in their studies. I believe that we should give all students the opportunity to excel and never tell them that they can't do
  12. 12. it. That is the worst thing you could do to a child. We need to build their self-confidence and their self- esteem and show them the basics and we will see them flourish. It may be tough for the teacher, but it is worth it in the end when you see the spark in their eyes when they finally understand something.

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