Four Skills of language TeachingListening:Listening is an active process by which students receive. Construct meaningsand respond to spoken messages.Speaking:Communication is the process of transferringsignals/messages between a sender and a receiver throughvarious methods (written words, nonverbal cues, spokenwords).WritingWriting skills are an important part of communication. Goodwriting skills allow you to communicate your message withclarity and ease to a far larger audience than through face-to-faceor telephone (1)ReadingReading is a process of extracting of meanings from awritten printed skill. It turns the reader to turn writing intomeanings and achieve the goal of information.BACK
than testing the students understanding of details.Tasks should help Pjjthstudents to develop students’ reading skills.Teachers should help the students to read to their own, so they eventually becomeindependent readers.Principles of Reading• The text should be accessible to the students.• Tasks should be clearly given in advance.• Tasks should be designed to encourage readingfor the main meanings rather than testing thestudents understanding of details.• Tasks should help the students to developstudents’reading skills.• Teachers should help the students to read to theirown, so they eventually become independentreaders.
What Effective readers do?Have a clear purposeRead silentlySkim the rest, and skip the insignificant partsRead phrase by phrase, rather than word by wordHave and use background information to help understand thtextGuess the meaning of new words from the context.
Methods Of ReadingThere are five methods of reading.Anticipation:Distinguishing the main idea fromsupporting details;Skimming:Skimming involves reading for the mainidea.Scanning:Reading to look for specific information.Predicting:Guessing what is coming next.SQ3RSurvey the text, make questions, read textand finally review it to enhance reading.
Pre- reading activitiesThe purpose of pre-reading (also called Lead-in)is to facilitate while-reading activities.Predicting: There are three ways of predicting.Predicting based on title or picture.Predicting based on vocabulary.Predicting through questions.
Predicting throughVocabulary:Vocabulary can be given to studentsto predict what is coming next.Crow, Pot, stones, thirsty, garden
While-reading ActivitiesWhile- reading activities focuson the process of understandingrather than the result of reading.• Read the text• Information transfer activities• Understanding references
Underline the pronounsOnce there was a crow. He was very thirsty. He flew here andthere in search of water. At last he reached in a garden. He sawa pot in the garden. He saw that water was very low in thesurface of pot. He thought a plan. He dropped stones in the potone by one. The water level in the pot came up. He drank thewater and flew away happily.
Post reading activitiesPost reading activities task should enable students toproduce language based on what they have learned.Gap-filling ActivityWhat can be the moral of the story.
Fill in the blanksOnce there was . He was very .here and there in search of water. At last hereached . He saw in the garden. Hesaw that in the surface of pot. Hethought a plan. He dropped in the potone by one. in the pot came up.the water and flew away .
ConclusionThe teaching of reading shouldfocus on developing students’reading skills and strategies.Reading should be aninteractive process. Reading inthe classroom can be dividedinto three stages: pre-readingactivities, while readingactivities and post readingactivities.