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  1. 1. Functionalism<br />By: Aurrora Greening & Christina Watt<br />Callum helped I guess<br />
  2. 2. Functionalism sets out to interpret society as a structure with interrelated parts.<br />It is a part of both Sociology and Anthropology.<br />Functionalism is focused on the importance of everyone working together for the betterment of the society. <br />This form of society is comparable to the human body, all parts much function collectively for the success of the whole, the same can be said about a clock, where individuals are cogs in the wheel who must all work together for the common function.<br />What is Functionalism?<br />
  3. 3. Basics Of Funtionalism and Purpose of Institutions<br />Law, Crime, Institution, Education, Religion<br />
  4. 4. All institutions provide a function that is needed for society to work.<br />– Examples: School, Hospital, Police Station, City Hall, etc.<br />Purpose of Instutions<br />
  5. 5. Purpose of Instutions<br />Purpose of Crime<br />Purpose of Law<br />The way to allow social change when needed <br />Example: prohibition, people collectively going against current social norms in order to change society. <br />To enforce the social norms <br /><ul><li>Example: Police, Judge, Prison, etc. </li></ul>To deem some actions deviant<br />
  6. 6. Purpose of Instutions<br />Purpose Of Education<br />To socialize children according to current social norms.<br />- Teaching everyone in society to pledge allegiance<br />To maintain social role<br />- Trains the young to fulfill roles<br />To create division of labour <br />- Sorts students into skill groups<br />
  7. 7. Purpose of Institutions<br />Purpose of Religion<br />Maintains social order. <br />Discourages deviant acts a.k.a. sins<br />Gives source of personal fulfillment, belonging, love, etc.<br />
  8. 8. E. E. Evans-Pritchard<br />E.E. Evans-Pritchard<br />Studied at Oxford and the University of London<br />Studied the lives and cultures of African Societies.<br />However he failed to treat women as a whole within the functionalist society.<br />He ultimately became a humanist rather than a functionalist.<br />
  9. 9. Sir Raymond Firth<br />Sir Raymond Firth<br />Attended and received his undergraduate degree at the London School of Economics<br />Did extensive field work in Tikopia<br />His greatest contribution was his distinction between social structure and social organizations. <br />
  10. 10. Social organization has tended to be used loosely to refer to the sum total of activities performed in a given social context. <br />Social structure has usually been used for the social context itself, or more accurately for the set of social relations which link individuals in a society.<br />Distinction Between Social Structure and Social Organization<br />
  11. 11. Lucy Mair<br />Lucy Mair<br />Attended the London School of Economics.<br />Mair’s fieldwork was in Uganda<br />Her studies focussed on social change and public affairs<br />Her most notable work was the contemporary processes of Colonization. <br />
  12. 12.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Works Cited/Consulted<br />