When you type a word, select a menu, or click a button, software sends data to the CPU.
Many people are making money writing apps (or programs) for the i-Pads, i-Phones, or i-Touches.
Nearly all modern operating systems use a graphical user interface (GUI).This lets users click on images or text on the screen instead of having to type commands.
There are many kinds of Operating Systems, but most people use one of the following:
helps you control your computer and keep it in good running conditionDue to this focus, utilities are often rather technical and targeted at people with an advanced level of computer knowledge
Computer Software - 7th Grade
In this Lesson, You Will Learn:To distinguish between hardware and softwareTo understand the role of software to the computerTo identify main software categoriesDistinguish among different software programs
What is Hardware? Hardware-The physical devices that make up a computer system.Tangible components that can be seen and touched. Keyboard Printer Mouse chips
What is Software? Software - A program that tells a computer how to perform tasks. Program – aka application - a series of step by step instructions that tell the computer precisely what actions to perform.
What does Software do?Software translates yourcommands into the languagethat computers understand.
Who Writes the Software?Programmers – write instructions,or programs, to the computer so itis able to execute a task or operateproperly.
Categories of Software Operating System (OS) Software - Main program that makes your computer work. Application Software - lets you do different tasks on your computer, such as writing reports and sending email Utility Software – helps you control your computer and keep it in good running condition
Operating System (OS) Software Operating System - Software that controls all the other software programs and allows a computer to perform basic tasks. Every computerized device needs an operating system (OS) in order to work.
Graphic User InterfaceGUI – Graphic User Interface - uses graphics or pictures to help the user navigate within the computer system
Types of Operating SystemsMicrosoft Windows – Most popular operating system for PC’sMac OS – used by Apple computersLinux – powerful OS often used in large networks and business environmentsHandheld Operating System – used in tablets and cell phones
Windows OS Windows 95 Windows 98 Windows NT Windows 2000 Windows XP Windows Vista Windows 7 Windows 8
Macintosh Operating Systems System1 System 2 System 3 System 4 System 5 System 6 System 7 System 8 System 9 Mac OS X
Application SoftwareApplication Software - A softwareprogram that lets you perform specifictasks, like organizing info, creatingreports or printing a picture.
Utility SoftwareUtility Software - is system software designed to help analyze, configure, optimize or maintain a computer.Types of Utility Software: • Anti Virus Programs • File managers • Disk Cleaners
ReviewDraw ConclusionsWhat types of software could you use toaccomplish your school tasks?