5th Grade Ch 8 Lesson 5 What Is Climate

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5th Grade Ch 8 Lesson 5 What Is Climate

  1. 1. Ch. 8 Lesson 5 What is climate?
  2. 3. weather <ul><li>made up of all the conditions in one place @ single moment </li></ul>
  3. 4. climate <ul><li>average of weather conditions over long time (usually 30 yrs.) </li></ul><ul><li>does not change much daily </li></ul><ul><li>incl: </li></ul><ul><li>avg. amt. precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>avg. temp </li></ul><ul><li>how much temp. changes during yr. </li></ul>
  4. 5. landforms affect climate <ul><li>areas on opposite sides of mountain range can have different climates </li></ul>
  5. 6. rain shadow <ul><li>side of the mountain that does not have clouds or rain </li></ul>
  6. 8. oceans affect climate <ul><li>slow rise & fall of air temp. </li></ul><ul><li>currents can make climate warmer or cooler </li></ul>
  7. 9. Gulf Stream <ul><li>ex. Gulf Stream & North Atlantic Drift </li></ul><ul><li>(warms wind) </li></ul>
  8. 11. factors that can cause climate change volcanic eruptions asteroid/ meteoroid impacts carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor
  9. 12. Scientists debate on why climates have changed.
  10. 13. Review <ul><li>How are weather and climate different? </li></ul>
  11. 14. Review <ul><li>What geographical features might affect our local climate? </li></ul>
  12. 15. Review <ul><li>How are fossils used to study past climates? </li></ul>
  13. 16. Review <ul><li>What can cause a sudden climate change? </li></ul>
  14. 17. Review <ul><li>Would a large volcanic eruption cool or warm the climate? </li></ul>
  15. 18. Review <ul><li>How do the Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Drift currents affect weather in Europe? </li></ul>
  16. 19. Review <ul><li>What human activity might have contributed to an increase in average temperature in North America during the 20 th century? How? </li></ul>

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