Soundintvdrama 100129055219 Phpapp01


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Soundintvdrama 100129055219 Phpapp01

  1. 1. AS Media Studies: TV Drama Sound: Micro Elements
  2. 2. Sound in TV Drama <ul><li>Sound has the power to create certain moods , to create character and can signal events that are about to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>The power of music to manipulate audience’s emotions has always been acknowledged in television and film. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sound in TV Drama <ul><li>The entire sound track is comprised of three essential ingredients:  </li></ul><ul><li>the human voice / dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>sound effects </li></ul><ul><li>music </li></ul><ul><li>In TV drama these create a balance between the realism of the world of the text/programme and drama that is created by the use of sound </li></ul><ul><li>(in the real world dialogue is less polished and music/ soundtracks don’t appear!) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Sound <ul><li>The world of the TV programme we see on screen is called the DIEGESIS. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two main types of sound in TV drama… </li></ul><ul><li>DIEGETIC sound </li></ul><ul><li>NON-DIEGETIC sound </li></ul><ul><li>Both are used in TV drama to create VERISIMILITUDE – realism. </li></ul>VERISIMILITUDE = the believable logic of the texts world (which appears real)
  5. 5. Diegetic Sound <ul><li>DIEGETIC SOUND is any sound or music that happens inside the world of the story </li></ul><ul><li>This sound is part of the programme’s world (diegesis) and can be dialogue/speech, footsteps and sound effects with a source. </li></ul><ul><li>For example if the drama portrays a character playing the piano, the sounds of the piano are projected. </li></ul><ul><li>DIEGETIC sounds contribute to the realism of the programme and also help to create a particular atmosphere. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Diegetic Sound <ul><li>The “click” of a door being opened may simply serve to convince the audience that the image portrayed is real, and the audience may only subconsciously note the expected sound. </li></ul><ul><li>However, if the “click” of an opening door is part of an ominous action such as a burglary, the sound mixer may call attention to the “click” with an increase in volume; this helps to engage the audience in a moment of suspense.  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Non-Diegetic Sound <ul><li>Non-diegetic sound is sound that takes place outside the world of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>It is usually placed later in the post-production process e.g. music and soundtrack. </li></ul><ul><li>Such sounds are included so as to provide an appropriate emotion or mood and they may also add to the realism of the drama. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dialogue - modes of address Voice Over <ul><li>The use of voice over is generally used in TV drama as a narrative device </li></ul><ul><li>This is first person narration . </li></ul><ul><li>The voice over can also allow us information about the central character and build his/her representation </li></ul><ul><li>They can also allow privileged information – so sometimes we will know more than the other characters on screen- which creates drama! </li></ul>Narrative Devices = Elements that help explain the narrative (story/plot) e.g. voice over, captions and extended dialogue
  9. 9. Dialogue/Speech: Modes of Address Direct Address <ul><li>Direct address = when the characters on screen directly address the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an alternative to the voice over. </li></ul><ul><li>This is rare in TV drama but when used </li></ul><ul><li>can create humour or can act as a </li></ul><ul><li>narrative device , giving us more </li></ul><ul><li>information about the narrative. </li></ul><ul><li>It tends the break the verisimilitude of the drama and stops the action taking place. (Breaking the 4 th wall.) </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Importance of Music in TV Drama <ul><li>The soundtrack/score in TV drama is often used to tell the audience how we should be feeling, whether this is sad, happy, scared or amused. </li></ul><ul><li>This use of music is a convention of TV drama. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Incidental music <ul><li>Incidental music is used to add emotion and rhythm to a drama. Usually not meant to be noticeable. </li></ul><ul><li>It often provides a tone or an emotional attitude toward the story and/or the characters  depicted. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, background music often foreshadows a change in mood . For example, dissonant music may be used in film to indicate an approaching (but not yet visible) menace or disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Incidental music may aid viewer understanding by linking scenes. For example, a particular musical theme or sound motif associated with an individual character or situation may be repeated at various points in a text in order to remind the audience of ideas (think the Bond theme in Bond films, American Beauty, The Godfather etc.) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Sound is comprised of conventions and innovations. </li></ul><ul><li>We have come to expect an acceleration of music during car chases and creaky doors in horror dramas. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, it is important to note as well that sound is often brilliantly conceived. The effects of sound are often largely subtle and often are noted by only our subconscious minds </li></ul>
  13. 13. Parallel and Contrapuntal Sound <ul><li>Sound can be used in one of two ways… </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel sound = when we watch a TV drama the sound we hear usually compliments and follows what we see on screen. For example fast paced, loud music in chase scenes or action sequences. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Contrapuntal sound = is sound that does not fit the images we see on screen. Usually done to create an effect e.g. classical music over violent scenes etc… </li></ul>
  14. 14. Stings <ul><li>A Sting = either a brief crescendo stab of music used to enhance the drama of the current situation just before a change of scene (called a &quot;dramatic sting&quot; when used this way) </li></ul><ul><li>or a brief comical stab on music to enhance a punch line at the end of a scene (most famously, the so-called &quot;rimshot&quot; -- ba-dum-bum-ching ). </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sting 'em and sling 'em&quot; is a phrase used to describe this kind of break. </li></ul><ul><li>When used for a cheap shock, the sting becomes a scare chord. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g the end of an episode of Eastenders </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ambient Sound <ul><li>Ambient sound , also known as natural sound = The sound occurring in the area where they shoot the drama. It is often used or created in dramas to create verisimilitude (realism) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Task: <ul><li>Watch the opening sequence of Goodfellas (1990) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Identify as many examples of diegetic and non-diegetic sound as you can. </li></ul><ul><li>From the dialogue what do we learn about the narrative? </li></ul><ul><li>How important is the use of music? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Theme Tunes <ul><li>Theme tunes are used over the opening titles of TV dramas. </li></ul><ul><li>They are a recognisable piece of music that the audience will associate with the drama. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the music is to establish a mood for the show and to provide an audible cue that a particular show is beginning. </li></ul><ul><li>These are a ‘call to action’ for audiences so they will sit down to watch the programme. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Theme Tunes Task <ul><li>In groups watch and listen to the opening sequences of… </li></ul><ul><li>Coronation Street </li></ul><ul><li>Hustle </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Who </li></ul><ul><li>Casualty </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Does the theme tune fit the mood and themes of the drama? </li></ul>