Mental disorders in children

337 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
337
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mental disorders in children

  1. 1. Mental Disorders in Children Allison Zellhuber
  2. 2. Mental Illnesses in Children <ul><li>Childhood mental illness occurs in about 20% of US children during a given year </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 5 million children have some type of serious mental illness that interferes significantly with daily life </li></ul>
  3. 3. ADHD <ul><li>ADHD is a problem with inattentiveness, over activity, impulsivity or a combination of these </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood </li></ul><ul><li>3-5% of school-aged children are affected and it is diagnosed more often in boys than girls </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD is treated with medication and behavior therapy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Signs of ADHD <ul><li>Fails to give close attention to details </li></ul><ul><li>Has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play </li></ul><ul><li>Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly </li></ul><ul><li>Has difficulty organizing tasks and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Is easily distracted </li></ul><ul><li>Is often forgetful in daily activities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oppositional Defiant Disorder <ul><li>A recurrent or persistent pattern of negative, defiant or even hostile behavior directed at authority figures. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment is individual psychotherapy combined with family or caretaker therapy and occasionally medication may be given to reduce irritability. </li></ul><ul><li>The prevalence of ODD is about 15% in children and adolescents </li></ul>
  6. 6. Symptoms of ODD <ul><li>Lose their temper easily and repeatedly </li></ul><ul><li>Argue with adults </li></ul><ul><li>Defy adults </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse to obey rules </li></ul><ul><li>Deliberately annoy people </li></ul><ul><li>Blame others for their own mistakes or misbehavior </li></ul><ul><li>Be easily annoyed and angered </li></ul><ul><li>Be spiteful or vindictive </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mood Disorders <ul><li>Mood disorders range from simple sadness to major manic depression. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many types of mood disorders – Dysthymia which is mild depression and Major Depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Children and teens who have a family history are more likely than others to experience depression </li></ul>
  8. 8. Symptoms of Mood Disorders <ul><li>Persistent sadness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed </li></ul><ul><li>Significant change in appetite or body weight </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal sleep patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of worthlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide </li></ul>

×