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The life of charlotte perkins, English 102 6:00pm


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The life of charlotte perkins, English 102 6:00pm

  2. 2. CHILDHOOD •Born on July 3, 1860 in Hartford, Connecticut, but spent most of her childhood in Providence, Rhode Island •Abandoned by her father Frederick Perkins soon after her birth (also a writer) •Mothered by Mary Perkins, who was said to be unaffectionate (noted in “Autobiography of Charlotte Perkins Gilman”) •Had a poor upbringing •Ironically often surrounded by aunts from father’s side Isabella Beecher Hooker (suffragist) and Harriet Beecher Stowe (author of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”) A Young Charlotte Perkins
  3. 3. EDUCATION •Taught herself to read at the age of five •Attended seven different public schools •She was considered a “poor student” •Often frustrated teacher because she did not live up to her potential •Attended the Rhode Island School of Design •Time in her life where she rekindled with her father Rhode Island School of Design
  4. 4. ADULTHOOD/MARRIAGE •In 1884 she married fellow artist Charles Walter Stetson •In 1885 they had a daughter, Katherine Beecher Stetson •Soon after her daughter’s Katherine’s birth she fell into sever post-partum depression (suffered a nervous breakdown) •She was treated by Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell (psychologist) whom tried to cure her through the “rest cure” (she was instructed to stop writing, painting, working, etc.) •In 1888 not able to go on with her limited lifestyle she divorced Charles and moved with her daughter to Pasadena, CA Charles Walter Stetson Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell
  5. 5. SWEET VICTORY •Nearly 20 years later after her divorce Perkins wrote “The Yellow Wall Paper” in 1913 which was based on her personal fight against depression and the lifestyle she was condemned to by Dr. Silas and her husband •The “rest cure” was the opposite of what Perkin’s needed, but her ideas were shunned by Dr. Silas as well as her husband •It has been said that Perkins sent a copy of the short story to Dr Silas •Most famous piece of writing “Just what the Doctor ordered”
  7. 7. CAREER • Soon after she moved to California she became active in many different groups such as feminist, socialist, nationalist, and suffrage groups • In 1896 she represented California at the Suffrage convention as well as the International Socialist and Labor Congress • In 1890 she joined a Nationalist group to help end “capitalism” • Held lectures regarding Nationalism • Feminist organizations- Woman's Alliance, Economic Club, Ebell Society, Pacific Coast Woman’s Press Association 1896 convention of the National American Women's Suffrage Association
  8. 8. RELATED WORKS • Best seller- Woman and Economics: A study of the Economic Relation Between Men and Women as a Factor in Social Relations (made her highly successful and was translated into seven different languages) •Concerning Children •The Home: It’s Work and Influence •Forerunner- monthly journal based on social problems primarily written by Perkins •Suffrage Songs and Versus •Moving the Mountain •Herland •What Diantha Did Symbol for Planet Venus/ Woman’s rights
  9. 9. RELATED QUOTES •The first duty of a human being is to assume the right functional relationship to society--more briefly, to find your real job, and do it.” “To swallow and follow, whether old doctrine or new propaganda, is a weakness still dominating the human mind.” "It is not that women are really smaller- minded, weaker-minded, more timid and vacillating, but that whosoever, man or woman, lives always in a small, dark place, is always guarded, protected, directed and restrained, will become inevitably narrowed and weakened by it.” "A house does not need a wife any more than it needs a husband."
  10. 10. THE END •As the years went on Perkins continued to stay involved in reformist groups, writing, and lecturing •In 1900 she married her cousin George Houghton Gillman who died suddenly from a cerebral hemorrhage •In 1932 Perkins was diagnosed with inoperable breast cancer •She killed herself in 1935 "When all usefulness is over, when one is assured of an unavoidable and imminent death, it is the simplest of human rights to choose a quick and easy death in place of a slow and horrible one"