Alley, Andrea , Kathleen , Ryan, Gisselle , Jeffrey                     Team 4
• Developed after the influence of Behaviorism.• “Cognition: literally means ‘knowing’, and is the mental act  or process ...
 Dual Coding Theory (Allvan Palvio) : proposes that information is processed through either  visual images or interpretin...
 Merrill -Component Display Theory (CDT) Reigeluth (Elaboration Theory) Gagne Briggs Wager                           ...
 With Technology: The multimedia principle: states that “people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from word...
 Without Technology: Teachers in the classroom will teach students with  repetition for the students to input the inform...
 With Technology: Students see what the teacher presents as a visual They will then start to process and input the  inf...
 Without Technology: Students will use the thought process to successfully  perform the problem by recalling information...
 Using a vocabulary curriculum to allow the students to  input new information into their brains. Giving students formul...
 "Cognitive Theories." Learning Theories. Web. 20 Nov.  2011. <http://www.learning-  theories.com/category/cognitive-theo...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Cognitive Theory

1,230 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,230
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Cognitive Theory

  1. 1. Alley, Andrea , Kathleen , Ryan, Gisselle , Jeffrey Team 4
  2. 2. • Developed after the influence of Behaviorism.• “Cognition: literally means ‘knowing’, and is the mental act or process to which knowledge is acquired (Mcleod,S.A.).”• Cognitive Theory compared our thoughts and recollections to our behavior: • Both are tendencies of the individual, and therefore should be analyzed as such. (Gary, Shelly B. Pg 371).• The human mind and the present day computer have a synergistic function: • Input, store and retrieve information. • As humans, we hear/see/do certain things which are placed into our memory for us to use this acquired knowledge in the future.
  3. 3.  Dual Coding Theory (Allvan Palvio) : proposes that information is processed through either visual images or interpreting language.  How verbal/ nonverbal information is displayed will effect the influence on the individual.  How the verbal and nonverbal systems are activated in presence of one another  How text with images can trigger us to store the information  (Gary, Shelly B, Pg. 372) 9 events of Instruction (Gagne) : belief that learning depends on verbal, information, intellectual skills, attitudes, and cognitive strategies.  Grabbing the learners attention, displaying the objectives for the learner, activating human recall (PREVIEW information- then REVIEW information), introducing new information with guidance and direction, participation followed by feedback, evaluate their new level of understanding, and continue to increase level of retaining information View on Intelligence (Gardner): each individual holds the ability to learn and demonstrate through a variety of multiple intelligences. Cognitive Domain (Bloom): how we use what we know to form ideas and thoughts.  Psychomotor Domain: motor skills and physical abilities.  Bloom’s Taxonomy: is a hierarchy of learning to stimulate student comprehension  Master Learning: Bloom’s model for learning, where students continue to retain more knowledge, only once previous knowledge is mastered.
  4. 4.  Merrill -Component Display Theory (CDT) Reigeluth (Elaboration Theory) Gagne Briggs Wager PowerPoint Clip Art Bruner (moving toward cognitive constructivism), Schank (scripts) Scandura (structural learning) Richard Mayer- Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning John Sweller- Cognitive Load Theory
  5. 5.  With Technology: The multimedia principle: states that “people learn more deeply from words and pictures than from words alone” (Mayer, p. 47).  Teachers use technology to help students retain information.  The principle states that these elements (pictures and visuals) are selected and organized dynamically to produce logical mental constructs. PowerPoint Clip Art
  6. 6.  Without Technology: Teachers in the classroom will teach students with repetition for the students to input the information. Information comes in, is processed, and leads to certain outcomes.  Using assessments to see these outcomes is how the teacher implements this theory. PowerPoint Clip Art
  7. 7.  With Technology: Students see what the teacher presents as a visual They will then start to process and input the information into their memory Then they will recall that information when tested on that particular visual presentation
  8. 8.  Without Technology: Students will use the thought process to successfully perform the problem by recalling information that the instructor lectured about prior to an assessment. They use problem solving, analysis, and then they explain the result. PowerPoint Clip Art
  9. 9.  Using a vocabulary curriculum to allow the students to input new information into their brains. Giving students formulas to know if in a mathematics- based classroom. Showing the students different videos (implementing technology) and then testing them on what they learned. Constantly adding new information for the students to input into their memory, then reviewing what they have learned by assessments.
  10. 10.  "Cognitive Theories." Learning Theories. Web. 20 Nov. 2011. <http://www.learning- theories.com/category/cognitive-theories>. Gary, Shelly B. Boston (2010). 6th Edition. Teacher’s Discovering Computers; Integrating Technology and Digital media in the Classroom. Mayer, R. E.; R. Moreno (1998). “A Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning: Implications for Design Principles”. http://www.unm.edu/~moreno/PDFS/chi.pdf. Mcleod, S. A. (2007). Simply Psychology; Cognitive Approach in Psychology. Retrieved 20 November 2011, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive.html

×