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2003 Presentation General Allard


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Reuse Learning objects Implementation Strategy leermiddelen arrangeren Standaarden Standards Specification SCORM LOM IEEE IMS VLE Curriculum Design Educational Onderwijskundig Ontwerpen Onderzoek

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2003 Presentation General Allard

  1. 1. Reuse of learning material: technical and human perspective Allard Strijker
  2. 2. Focus of research <ul><li>How can reuse of learning material be supported in terms of technology, and what human issues have to be solved when exchange of material takes place within or between different organizational contexts. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Learning material <ul><li>Learning material is referenced from a technological point of view as learning objects </li></ul><ul><li>A learning object is any entity, digital or non-digital , that may be used for learning, education or training. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Learning-object lifecycle <ul><li>Obtaining </li></ul><ul><li>Labelling </li></ul><ul><li>Offering </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting </li></ul><ul><li>Using </li></ul><ul><li>Retaining </li></ul>
  5. 5. Organizational Contexts Human Perspective Technical Perspective University Military Corporate learning Reuse of learning objects
  6. 6. Perspectives <ul><li>Human </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Human Perspectives <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the reason for reuse? Why should humans invest time and effort during the different stages of the learning-object lifecycle? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who are involved in the reuse process? What roles can be identified in the different stages of a learning-object lifecycle? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Technical Perspectives <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What material is reused? What is the size and type of the reused material? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How is the material actual reused in terms of tools? What kind of technical support is possible and in place in the different stages of the learning-object lifecycle? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where takes reuse place in terms of systems? What systems are available to support reuse and what services are offered by the systems during the different stages of the learning-object lifecycle? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Technical Issues <ul><li>Specifications and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Granularity </li></ul><ul><li>Reuse </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-tagging </li></ul><ul><li>Access and privileges </li></ul>
  10. 10. Human issues <ul><li>Usability </li></ul><ul><li>Time and effort </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogical aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational payoff </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness </li></ul><ul><li>Support services </li></ul><ul><li>Access and privileges </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership and copyright </li></ul>
  11. 11. TeleTOP Environment
  12. 12. Creating Material
  13. 13. Creating Metadata for Material content metadata content
  14. 14. Material Metadata Creation
  15. 15. Material Metadata List
  16. 16. Material Metadata Document
  17. 17. Resource Management System content metadata content content
  18. 18. Selecting Resources
  19. 19. XML Exchange metadata
  20. 20. Mapping TeleTOP SCORM Course Structure Format Asset Content Course - - - - - - - Roster Document Content Curriculum - - - - - - -
  21. 21. SCORM and XML SCORM Title MetadataScheme CourseName Cateloque UniqueIdentifier Language Description KeyWord Keyword Keyword Keyword
  22. 22. More Information <ul><li>Strijker@ edte . utwente . nl </li></ul><ul><li>www. teletop . nl </li></ul>