Present Simple Tense Rules of spelling, use, formation
We use the Present Simplea. for permanent states, repeated actions, daily routineshabits.He works in an office.(permanent state)They meet their boss everyday.(repeated actions/daily routines)British people drink a lot oftea.(habits)
b. for general truths, laws of nature.The sun rises in the East.Water boils at 100 degreesCelsius.Winters in Russia are cold.
c. for timetables (planes, trains, buses, etc.) and programmes.The train from LondonArrives at 10:30.Our favourite film startsat 8 in the evening.
d. for sports commentaries, reviews, narration.Petrov overtakes Schumacherand wins the race.(sports commentary)Then Simon gets on his bikeand quickly rides away.(narration)
e. for headlines in newspapers and magazines.(references to the past are usually simplified to Present Simple) Ship sinks in midnight collision.
f. for instructions, itineraries, recipes.(sometimes recipes and instructions can be written in PresentSimple instead of in Imperative Forms. This style is more personal) First you roll out the pastry. Then you add some salt and pepper.
Affirmative I/You/We/They read. He/She/It reads. Interrogative Do I/you/we/they read? Does he/she/it NegativeI/You/We/They do not (don’t) readHe/She/It does not (doesn’t)
Spelling RulesMost verbs take –s in the third person singular.I read – he readsVerbs ending in –ss, -sh, -ch, -tch, -x and –o, take –es.I kiss – he kisses, I brush – he brushes,I teach – he teaches, I go – he goes, I fix – he fixesVerbs ending in a consonant + y, drop y and take -ies.I try – he tries, I fly – he fliesVerbs ending in a vowel + y, simply take –s.I buy – he buys