Open Educational Resources           and the Future of Higher EducationGill Ackerman*1, Rachel Lander*2 and Allan Parsons*...
The Workshop• Presentation• Information Sheets• Online Publications• Questions
Presentation• OER Background and History• OER Issues: Sustainability• OER: Learning and Teaching• Intellectual Property an...
OER: Definitions―OER are teaching, learning and research resourcesthat reside in the public domain or have beenreleased un...
Why OER?
UNESCO meeting October 2002, first used theterm OER and defined them functionally as the―technology-enabled, open provisio...
President Barack Obama, July 14th, 2009 publiclybacked the global OER movement‗Online educational software has the potenti...
World Open Educational Resources (OER) Congress UNESCO, Paris, June 20-22, 2012– Foster awareness and use of OER– Reinforc...
Public, Open…[From the Public Sphere in a liberal international             (political-)economy…• Public - National - Prin...
Free  Free as in liberalNot free as in no cost
Seed Funding• JISC/HEA OER programme• William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Sustainability  • Financial  • Technological  • Human  • Cultural
Cultural Sustainability     •   Flexible     •   Re-usable     •   Context of use     •   Licence     •   Modifiable     •...
Trustworthy, Authoritative……in part, initially, becomes a question of brandscape:
Learning and teaching • Guiding Principles • Benefits • Usage and Examples • Technology - sources • Roles and relationships
Guiding Principles• Principle 1: educational futures work should aim to challenge  assumptions rather than present definit...
Benefits for Staff – key points from Leeds Met   • Designing learning not creating content;   • Get recognition for your o...
OER Benefits• For the individual learner• For the Educators• For the Educational InstitutionsOER is one component of T & L...
OER Examples and Repositories• SABE: Building Adaption and Conservation course• Online Guide to OER in HE• Scoop.it!• OER ...
Technology• Technology for producing OER: Tools widely  available   • Supporting staff development• Developing Institution...
Roles and Relationships• TEL and HE• Roles – TEL expert advisors/collaborators to work  with staff• HEI need to reconsider...
Role of Academic Liaison LibrariansBellison (2009) identified the following opportunitiesfor librarians to develop their r...
IP and creative commons
Creative Commons‗Creative Commons is a non profit organization thatworks to increase the amount of creativity (cultural,ed...
Creative Commons – Brief Explanation   • Creative Commons is a non-profit organisation     founded in 2001 in the US with ...
Analysis of Institutional Issues  • The University  • Finding and using  • Publishing and repositories  • Shifting roles  ...
In our end is our beginning…From a provider/user paradigm to a community model of collaborative development Utopia: Charle...
Resources: On line Publication• Tour our Google site on OER: address in the  Symposium abstract   • Current Awareness sect...
Learning and Teaching Symposium: Open Educational Resources
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Learning and Teaching Symposium: Open Educational Resources

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An outline of the issues facing higher education institutions in the UK in relation to open educational resources

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Learning and Teaching Symposium: Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources and the Future of Higher EducationGill Ackerman*1, Rachel Lander*2 and Allan Parsons*3 *1 Academic Liaison Librarian, WBS *2 Senior Lecturer, WBS *3 Academic Liaison Librarian, MAD
  2. 2. The Workshop• Presentation• Information Sheets• Online Publications• Questions
  3. 3. Presentation• OER Background and History• OER Issues: Sustainability• OER: Learning and Teaching• Intellectual Property and Copyright• University of Westminster and OER
  4. 4. OER: Definitions―OER are teaching, learning and research resourcesthat reside in the public domain or have beenreleased under an intellectual property license thatpermits their free use or re-purposing by others‖William and Flora Hewlett Foundation―…technology-enabled, open provision of educationresources for consultation, use and adaptation by acommunity of users for non-commercial purposes‖UNESCO
  5. 5. Why OER?
  6. 6. UNESCO meeting October 2002, first used theterm OER and defined them functionally as the―technology-enabled, open provision of educationresources for consultation, use and adaptation by acommunity of users for non-commercial purposes‖ (Wiley, 2007)
  7. 7. President Barack Obama, July 14th, 2009 publiclybacked the global OER movement‗Online educational software has the potential to helpstudents learn more in less time than they would withtraditional classroom instruction alone.‘Later in the same speech he said,‗[Online courses] will be developed by teams ofexperts in content knowledge, pedagogy, andtechnology and made available for modification,adaptation and sharing‘.
  8. 8. World Open Educational Resources (OER) Congress UNESCO, Paris, June 20-22, 2012– Foster awareness and use of OER– Reinforce the development of strategies and policies on OER.– Support capacity building for the sustainability of quality learning materials.– Foster strategic alliances for OER.– Encourage the open licensing of educational materials produced with public funds.– www.unesco.org
  9. 9. Public, Open…[From the Public Sphere in a liberal international (political-)economy…• Public - National - Print – Broadcast• Open - Global - Digital – Networked …to the Digital Commons in a neo-liberal globalisation]
  10. 10. Free Free as in liberalNot free as in no cost
  11. 11. Seed Funding• JISC/HEA OER programme• William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
  12. 12. Sustainability • Financial • Technological • Human • Cultural
  13. 13. Cultural Sustainability • Flexible • Re-usable • Context of use • Licence • Modifiable • Adaptable • Co-development • Reliable • Trustworthy • Authoritative
  14. 14. Trustworthy, Authoritative……in part, initially, becomes a question of brandscape:
  15. 15. Learning and teaching • Guiding Principles • Benefits • Usage and Examples • Technology - sources • Roles and relationships
  16. 16. Guiding Principles• Principle 1: educational futures work should aim to challenge assumptions rather than present definitive predictions• Principle 2: the future is not determined by its technologies• Principle 3: thinking about the future always involves values and politics• Principle 4: education has a range of responsibilities that need to be reflected in any inquiry into or visions of its future (Facer and Sandford, 2010)
  17. 17. Benefits for Staff – key points from Leeds Met • Designing learning not creating content; • Get recognition for your own materials by sharing them as OER and engage in a global community of sharing and using educational resources; • Encourage your students to search for OER materials to support their own learning; • Embed the use of OER as part of your module/course review process; • Get recognition for your work by being attributed by others through OER release.
  18. 18. OER Benefits• For the individual learner• For the Educators• For the Educational InstitutionsOER is one component of T & LOER are not always appropriate
  19. 19. OER Examples and Repositories• SABE: Building Adaption and Conservation course• Online Guide to OER in HE• Scoop.it!• OER Commons• Open Scout
  20. 20. Technology• Technology for producing OER: Tools widely available • Supporting staff development• Developing Institutional Repositories of OER
  21. 21. Roles and Relationships• TEL and HE• Roles – TEL expert advisors/collaborators to work with staff• HEI need to reconsider roles and structure here• Role of Academic librarians
  22. 22. Role of Academic Liaison LibrariansBellison (2009) identified the following opportunitiesfor librarians to develop their roles in thedevelopment of OER:• Librarians can help by contributing their own OERs to the commons;• screening for indexing, and archiving quality OERs;• using OERs in their own teaching; and• participating in discussions leading toward responsible intellectual property policies and useful standards.
  23. 23. IP and creative commons
  24. 24. Creative Commons‗Creative Commons is a non profit organization thatworks to increase the amount of creativity (cultural,educational, and scientific content) available in ―thecommons‖ — the body of work that is available to thepublic for free and legal sharing, use, repurposing,and remixing.‘Taken from http://creativecommons.org AccessedMay 22nd, 2012
  25. 25. Creative Commons – Brief Explanation • Creative Commons is a non-profit organisation founded in 2001 in the US with the dedicated aim of making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright. • With a Creative Commons licence, you keep your copyright but allow people to copy and distribute your work provided they give you credit – and only on the conditions you specify.
  26. 26. Analysis of Institutional Issues • The University • Finding and using • Publishing and repositories • Shifting roles • Flexible and lifelong learning
  27. 27. In our end is our beginning…From a provider/user paradigm to a community model of collaborative development Utopia: Charles Vest (2006) sees the Open Movement as the emergence of a meta-university ―a transcendent, accessible, empowering, dynamic, communally constructed framework of open materials and platforms of which much of higher education can be constructed or enhanced‖ Community: Co-development; Co-design; Co-construct; Collaborate Conventional: Producer/Consumer Hierarchical Model
  28. 28. Resources: On line Publication• Tour our Google site on OER: address in the Symposium abstract • Current Awareness section• Slide share link for this presentation – we will email all on the contact sheet• Handouts to take away

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