1. Technology: radioThe purpose of use it in education: worldspace radio improves the quality of teaching and learning atd...
•Teachers schemes of wok include radio program       •Teachers incorporate radio program in their lesson preparation      ...
12. Dose the class time table is indicating radioprograms13. Dose radio program provide enough information?14. Dose the ra...
/STATISTICS=DESCRIPTIVE SCALE CORR COV    /SUMMARY=TOTAL MEANS.Reliability                                           Notes...
WarningsEach variables has zero variance is removed Students have access to more informationand learning resourcesAllVarSc...
Item Statistics                                                                        N                                  ...
Inter Item Correlation Matrix                                                                                             ...
Inter Item Correlation Matrix                                                    radio offer a        radio is an         ...
Inter Item Correlation Matrix                                 radio saves time      radio embeds                          ...
Inter Item Correlation Matrix                                                       Inexperienced                         ...
Inter Item Covariance Matrix                                                                                              ...
Inter Item Covariance Matrix                                                    radio offer a        radio is an          ...
Inter Item Covariance Matrix                                 radio saves time      radio embeds                           ...
Inter Item Covariance Matrix                                                     Inexperienced                            ...
Summary Item Statistics                                                           Maximum /                               ...
Item Total Statistics                                                                    Correlated Item-                 ...
Item Total Statistics                                                           Cronbachs                                 ...
Scale Statistics                                      N of ItemsMean      Variance   Std. Deviation57.2500      3.355     ...
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  1. 1. 1. Technology: radioThe purpose of use it in education: worldspace radio improves the quality of teaching and learning atdistance in primary schools in Kenya. A semi-structuredinterview was used to collect data from head teachers andclassroom teachers.Location of study: Kenya schools.Study created by: Dr. Florence Odera, Maseno UniversityWebsite address: http://pcf4.dec.uwi.edu/viewpaper.php?id=288&print=12. What are the teachers should do toachieve the purpose (task): •Have a class time table indicating radio programmers •Appoint one student to be in charge of collecting the radio set from the store / office •remind the students about the coming programmers by writing the programmers title on the chalkboard in advance •Prepare for the programmers and to improve materials where necessary. •Take part in the listening exercise with students.3. Standards for using Radio: •There are working radios in the school •There is a school radio time table •Every teacher whose subjects are covered by radio has a class timetable indicating programmers. •There is a school time table showing all the radio program •All the teachers guide notes are available and given to the teachers concerned
  2. 2. •Teachers schemes of wok include radio program •Teachers incorporate radio program in their lesson preparation •The necessary assistance and supervisory work are provided •A teacher has been appointed to be in charge of all media materials and broadcasts program in the school.4. Evaluation of technology:SampleThe sample consisted of 30 head teachers and 180 Primary school teachers using WorldSpace Radio, drawn from Rural, Urban and suburban areas.Item Yes No Not applicableeffectiveness1.All radios devises are working2. Dose the cost is appropriate?3. Dose they provide enough recourses?4. Dose school radio time table appropriate for target?5.Dose every teacher whose subjects are covered byradio has a class timetable indicating programs6.There is a school time table showing all the radioprogram7.Teachers schemes of wok include radio programefficiency8.Teachers incorporate radio program in their lessonpreparation9. Dose audience has physical skills for using radio?10.The necessary assistance and supervisory work areprovided11.A teacher has been appointed to be in charge of allmedia materials and broadcasts program in the schoolsatisfaction
  3. 3. 12. Dose the class time table is indicating radioprograms13. Dose radio program provide enough information?14. Dose the radio information correct?15.Dose teacher remind the students about the comingprograms by writing the programs titleRELIABILITY /VARIABLES=Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12 Q13 Q14 /SCALE(ALL VARIABLES) ALL /MODEL=ALPHA
  4. 4. /STATISTICS=DESCRIPTIVE SCALE CORR COV /SUMMARY=TOTAL MEANS.Reliability NotesOutput CreatedCommentsInput Data Active Dataset DataSet1 <none> Filter <none> Weight <none> Split File N of Rows in Working Data 20 File Matrix InputMissing Value Handling Definition of Missing MISSING=EXCLUDE... Cases Used Statistics are basedSyntax RELIABILITY /VARIABLES=Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12 Q13 Q14 /SCALE(ALL VARIABLES) ALL /MODEL=ALPHA /STATISTICS=DESCRIPTIVE SCALE CORR COV /SUMMARY=TOTAL MEANS.Resources Processor Time 00:00:00.015 Elapsed Time 00:00:00.017[
  5. 5. WarningsEach variables has zero variance is removed Students have access to more informationand learning resourcesAllVarScale Case Processing Summary % NCases Valid 20 100.0 Excludeda 0 .0 Total 20 100.0a. Listwise deletion based on all variables Reliability Statistics Cronbachs Alpha Based on Cronbachs Standardized N of Items Alpha a Items -.143- .029 13a. The value is negative due to averagecovariance
  6. 6. Item Statistics N Mean Std. Deviationradio make learning 4.1500 .36635 20enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give 4.2000 .41039 20more effective explanations. 20radio help to improve 4.6500 .48936learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. 20radio information is easy to 4.4500 .51042see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read 20radio facilitate cohesive and 4.2500 .44426participative whole-classlearning. 20radio offer a focus for 4.3500 .48936teacher-student and student-student interactions. 20radio is an enjoyable and 4.3000 .47016effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. 20radio encourages students 4.4500 .51042to pay more attention. 20radio saves time and 4.4000 .50262enables lessons to movequickly. 20radio embeds ‘learning 4.3500 .93330about IT’ across thecurriculum. 20radio make learning easier 4.5500 .51042and faster. 20Technical difficulties are 4.4500 .60481uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW 4.7000 .57124 20reduces its value.
  7. 7. Inter Item Correlation Matrix radio radio help to information is improve learning easy to see, and radio make radio help outcomes and teachers’ learning teachers to give increase handwriting is enjoyable and more effective learners’ easy to Read interesting. explanations. motivation.radio make learning 1.000 -.210- -.279- -.099-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give -.210- 1.000 .105 .302more effective explanations. .242radio help to improve -.279- .105 1.000learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. 1.000radio information is easy to -.099- .302 .242see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read -.058-radio facilitate cohesive and .081 .000 -.303-participative whole-classlearning. .390radio offer a focus for -.015- .157 .099teacher-student and student-student interactions. .066radio is an enjoyable and -.275- .218 -.206-effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .192radio encourages students -.380- .050 -.179-to pay more attention. .082radio saves time and -.343- .102 .599enables lessons to movequickly. -.348-radio embeds ‘learning .146 .082 .167about IT’ across thecurriculum. .212radio make learning easier .099 -.050- -.032-and faster. .332Technical difficulties are .154 .042 -.151-uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW -.025- .269 .169 .126reduces its value.
  8. 8. Inter Item Correlation Matrix radio offer a radio is an radio facilitate focus for enjoyable and radio cohesive and teacher-student effective means encourages participative and student- of presenting students to pay whole-class student and discussing more attention. learning. interactions. persona work.radio make learning .081 -.015- -.275- -.380-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .000 .157 .218 .050more effective explanations. -.179-radio help to improve -.303- .099 -.206-learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .192radio information is easy to -.058- .390 .066see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read .174radio facilitate cohesive and 1.000 -.182- -.126-participative whole-classlearning. -.032-radio offer a focus for -.182- 1.000 .206teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.154-radio is an enjoyable and -.126- .206 1.000effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. 1.000radio encourages students .174 -.032- -.154-to pay more attention. -.328-radio saves time and -.236- .471 .134enables lessons to movequickly. -.569-radio embeds ‘learning .286 -.282- -.012-about IT’ across thecurriculum. .010radio make learning easier .058 .032 -.066-and faster. .162Technical difficulties are .147 .151 -.130-uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW -.311- .207 -.431- .307reduces its value.
  9. 9. Inter Item Correlation Matrix radio saves time radio embeds radio make and enables ‘learning about learning easier lessons to move IT’ across the and faster. quickly. curriculum.radio make learning -.343- .146 .099enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .102 .082 -.050-more effective explanations. -.032-radio help to improve .599 .167learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .212radio information is easy to .082 -.348-see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read .058radio facilitate cohesive and -.236- .286participative whole-classlearning. .032radio offer a focus for .471 -.282-teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.066-radio is an enjoyable and .134 -.012-effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .010radio encourages students -.328- -.569-to pay more attention. -.082-radio saves time and 1.000 .135enables lessons to movequickly. -.315-radio embeds ‘learning .135 1.000about IT’ across thecurriculum. 1.000radio make learning easier -.082- -.315-and faster. .179Technical difficulties are -.104- -.294-uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW -.110- -.385- -.126-reduces its value.
  10. 10. Inter Item Correlation Matrix Inexperienced use of the IW Technical reduces its difficulties are value. uncommon.radio make learning .154 -.025-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .042 .269more effective explanations. .169radio help to improve -.151-learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .126radio information is easy to .332see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read -.311-radio facilitate cohesive and .147participative whole-classlearning. .207radio offer a focus for .151teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.431-radio is an enjoyable and -.130-effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .307radio encourages students .162to pay more attention. -.110-radio saves time and -.104-enables lessons to movequickly. -.385-radio embeds ‘learning -.294-about IT’ across thecurriculum. -.126-radio make learning easier .179and faster. .259Technical difficulties are 1.000uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW .259 1.000reduces its value.
  11. 11. Inter Item Covariance Matrix radio radio help to information is improve learning easy to see, and radio make radio help outcomes and teachers’ learning teachers to give increase handwriting is enjoyable and more effective learners’ easy to Read interesting. explanations. motivation.radio make learning .134 -.032- -.050- -.018-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give -.032- .168 .021 .063more effective explanations. .061radio help to improve -.050- .021 .239learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .261radio information is easy to -.018- .063 .061see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read -.013-radio facilitate cohesive and .013 .000 -.066-participative whole-classlearning. .097radio offer a focus for -.003- .032 .024teacher-student and student-student interactions. .016radio is an enjoyable and -.047- .042 -.047-effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .050radio encourages students -.071- .011 -.045-to pay more attention. .021radio saves time and -.063- .021 .147enables lessons to movequickly. -.166-radio embeds ‘learning .050 .032 .076about IT’ across thecurriculum. .055radio make learning easier .018 -.011- -.008-and faster. .103Technical difficulties are .034 .011 -.045-uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW -.005- .063 .047 .037reduces its value.
  12. 12. Inter Item Covariance Matrix radio offer a radio is an radio facilitate focus for enjoyable and radio cohesive and teacher-student effective means encourages participative and student- of presenting students to pay whole-class student and discussing more attention. learning. interactions. persona work.radio make learning .013 -.003- -.047- -.071-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .000 .032 .042 .011more effective explanations. -.045-radio help to improve -.066- .024 -.047-learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .050radio information is easy to -.013- .097 .016see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read .039radio facilitate cohesive and .197 -.039- -.026-participative whole-classlearning. -.008-radio offer a focus for -.039- .239 .047teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.037-radio is an enjoyable and -.026- .047 .221effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .261radio encourages students .039 -.008- -.037-to pay more attention. -.084-radio saves time and -.053- .116 .032enables lessons to movequickly. -.271-radio embeds ‘learning .118 -.129- -.005-about IT’ across thecurriculum. .003radio make learning easier .013 .008 -.016-and faster. .050Technical difficulties are .039 .045 -.037-uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW -.079- .058 -.116- .089reduces its value.
  13. 13. Inter Item Covariance Matrix radio saves time radio embeds radio make and enables ‘learning about learning easier lessons to move IT’ across the and faster. quickly. curriculum.radio make learning -.063- .050 .018enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .021 .032 -.011-more effective explanations. -.008-radio help to improve .147 .076learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .055radio information is easy to .021 -.166-see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read .013radio facilitate cohesive and -.053- .118participative whole-classlearning. .008radio offer a focus for .116 -.129-teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.016-radio is an enjoyable and .032 -.005-effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .003radio encourages students -.084- -.271-to pay more attention. -.021-radio saves time and .253 .063enables lessons to movequickly. -.150-radio embeds ‘learning .063 .871about IT’ across thecurriculum. .261radio make learning easier -.021- -.150-and faster. .055Technical difficulties are -.032- -.166-uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW -.032- -.205- -.037-reduces its value.
  14. 14. Inter Item Covariance Matrix Inexperienced use of the IW Technical reduces its difficulties are value. uncommon.radio make learning .034 -.005-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .011 .063more effective explanations. .047radio help to improve -.045-learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .037radio information is easy to .103see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read -.079-radio facilitate cohesive and .039participative whole-classlearning. .058radio offer a focus for .045teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.116-radio is an enjoyable and -.037-effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .089radio encourages students .050to pay more attention. -.032-radio saves time and -.032-enables lessons to movequickly. -.205-radio embeds ‘learning -.166-about IT’ across thecurriculum. -.037-radio make learning easier .055and faster. .089Technical difficulties are .366uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW .089 .326reduces its value.
  15. 15. Summary Item Statistics Maximum / N of Items Mean Minimum Maximum Range Minimum VarianceItem Means 4.404 4.150 4.700 .550 1.133 .027 13
  16. 16. Item Total Statistics Correlated Item- Scale Mean if Scale Variance Total Correlation Item Deleted if Item Deletedradio make learning 53.1000 3.568 -.251-enjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give 53.0500 2.682 .376more effective explanations. .139radio help to improve 52.6000 2.884learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. .379radio information is easy to 52.8000 2.484see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read -.066-radio facilitate cohesive and 53.0000 3.263participative whole-classlearning. .312radio offer a focus for 52.9000 2.621teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.221-radio is an enjoyable and 52.9500 3.524effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. -.281-radio encourages students 52.8000 3.642to pay more attention. .136radio saves time and 52.8500 2.871enables lessons to movequickly. -.404-radio embeds ‘learning 52.9000 3.989about IT’ across thecurriculum. -.097-radio make learning easier 52.7000 3.274and faster. .148Technical difficulties are 52.8000 2.695uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW 52.5500 3.208 -.087-reduces its value.
  17. 17. Item Total Statistics Cronbachs Squared Alpha if Item Multiple Deleted Correlationradio make learning .630 -.029-aenjoyable and interesting.radio help teachers to give .528 -.385-amore effective explanations. -.255-aradio help to improve .713learning outcomes andincrease learners’motivation. -.462-aradio information is easy to .599see, and teachers’handwriting is easy to Read -.113-aradio facilitate cohesive and .524participative whole-classlearning. -.390-aradio offer a focus for .675teacher-student and student-student interactions. -.016-aradio is an enjoyable and .681effective means ofpresenting and discussingpersona work. .032radio encourages students .731to pay more attention. -.256-aradio saves time and .804enables lessons to movequickly. .291radio embeds ‘learning .773about IT’ across thecurriculum. -.088-aradio make learning easier .398and faster. -.298-aTechnical difficulties are .373uncommon.Inexperienced use of the IW .787 -.089-areduces its value.a. The value is negative due to average covariance
  18. 18. Scale Statistics N of ItemsMean Variance Std. Deviation57.2500 3.355 1.83174 13

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