Sultan Qaboos University College of Education Department Of Educational Technology Report aboutUsing The Mobile Learning In DE Done By: Sultan Ali All Abdul Salam (84140) Yousuf Ali AL-Kaabi (86471)
What is Mobile Learning? - Learning that happens across locations, or that takes advantage of learning opportunities offered by portable technologies - It is the acquisition of any knowledge and skill through using mobile technology, anywhere, anytime that results in an alteration in behavior. Or Any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed, predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takes advantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies. Objectives of using the Mobile Learning in DE: Enhances knowledge and skills. Improve communication skills. Available wherever and whenever Easier access. Increases motivation . Features of M-learning: Enables learners to construct understandings. Enables knowledge building by learners in different contexts. M-learning is convenient. M-learning is collaborative M-learning is engaging and fun. Advantages of M-Learning One can access lessons, video clips and audio libraries from anywhere, including public places and moving buses and trains. Interaction with fellow students and instructors will be a great help. It is an accepted fact that learning is made easier when information is shared and questions answered through a sort of combined study. This helps several
students to work together on assignments even while remaining at far-flung locations. Portability is a very big plus, as a PDA is compact and very lightweight, and enables a student to take notes or enter all types of data directly into the device. There is a psychological factor; owning handheld devices increases student motivation and deepens the commitment to using and learning with them. Further, the present generation of students has a fascination with handhelds like PDAs, mobile phones and similar carry-around devices. The learning material is mostly colorful and inviting which may prompt students to go back and forth and practice more. It is a fact that most handheld devices are more affordably priced than larger systems, and already a major percentage of the population owns them. Flexible hours of learning are indeed a great boon as students can access the system anytime 24-7 and from any location. What is more, teacher support can now be expected even outside classrooms and other learning environments. Each student can learn at his or her own pace - some student may be slower learners. The students who pick up things fast need not waste time going repeatedly through basic lessons. Yet another blessing is a huge saving in the cost of learning materials and also commuting expenses. Disadvantages of M-Learning There is the definite inconvenience of size, as the student has to learn while hunched over the small screen of a mobile phone and PDA. There is no denying that the storage capacities of PDAs are limited. Anyone who has a mobile gadget knows that the short battery life and frequent changes of batteries are a great nuisance. Add to this the absence of a common hardware platform; this makes it extremely difficult to develop content for use by all.
Devices may become outdated quickly and students have to keep combating obsolescence. There is limited wireless bandwidth and chances are that it may further decrease with the number of users ever on the increase. In the M-Learning venue, students are incapable of printing, simply because it requires a network connection. This is obviously not feasible in a number of real-life situations. Challenges of the Mobile Learning There are two type related to M-learning challenges which are: Technical challenges. Social and educational challenges. Technical challenges: Small Screen size Small keys size Limited Performance, in terms of processor capability, available memory, storage space and battery life. Slow Connectivity of the internet. Social and educational challenges: How to assess learning on mobile phone Developing an appropriate theory of learning for the mobile age Tracking of results and proper use of this information Mobile communication is still expensive. How the Mobile Learning are used to deliver and support learning:
Bluetooth: A short range wireless connection. This enables PDAs (PersonalDigital Assistants) to pass messages to and from other mobile devices.MP3s: Audio file format that efficiently compresses files and enables them tobe shared.CAMs: Video cameras now embedded into mobile phone.SMS : Short Message Service allows users to send and receive messages.MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service, it give us the same purpose as SMSbut allow the inclusion of graphics.Examples: http://www.slideshare.net/stevevosloo/mobile-learning-south- african-examples Mobile learning in South Africa Mobile Technology Applications in the Korean Higher Education:“Mobile campus” has made students and faculty staff access authentic,updated information sources and communicate with each other anytime, andanywhere within the campus. In South Korea, All of Life Is Mobilemore colleges and universities have moved to mobile learningenvironments A student used her cell phone to enter the main library atSookmyung Womens University On campus, students touch their mobiles tothe electronic box to mark their attendance. University of North Carolina atWilmington takes benefits of the mobile learning.