MMD2093 FUNDAMENTAL OF WEB DESIGN
PUAN KHAIRUL NOOR AZWA BINTI KAMARUDDIN
NAMA AHLI :
Khor Ai Ling (1111100188)
Nabihah Binti Wahab (1111101301)
Amira Binti Ahmad Radzi (1111101036)
Norrasidah Binti Md Noor (1111101016)
Aina Nabilah Abdul Rashid (1111101032)
Nur Aisyahtul Amira Binti Zulkefli (1111101033)
DIPLOMA IN MANAGEMENT WITH MULTIMEDIA (DMG10)
WHAT IS NETWORK PROTOCOLS?
A network protocol defines rules that allow for communication between
network devices or a set of rules that govern the format of messages so
they can be exchanged successfully.
When you have two or more computers connected to each other, you
have a network.
The purpose of a network is to enable the sharing of files and information
between multiple systems.
A specific set of communication rules is called a protocol rules that
govern the communications between two computers connected to the
TCP / IP
TCP/IP based networks play an increasingly
important role .
TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol and
IP stands for Internet Protocol.
The term TCP/IP is not limited just to these two
Group of protocols related to the TCP and IP
protocols such as :
DNS (Domain Name Service)
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
POP (Post Office Protocol )
FTP (File Transfer Protocol )
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
HTTPS (HyperText Transport Protocol Secure )
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)
TCP / IP
Standard application protocol for remote login/ it
provides the encoding rules to link a user’s
keyboard/display on a client (“user”) system with a
command interpreter on remote server system.
also incorporated within others application protocols
such as example, FTP and SMTP
SMTP (SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL)
The Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP)
controls the transfer of email messages on the
SMTP defines the interaction between Internet
hosts that participate in forwarding email from a
sender to its destination.
POP (POST OFFICE PROTOCOL )
The Post Office Protocol (POP) allows you to fetch
email that is waiting in a mail server mailbox.
POP defines a number of operations for how to
access and store email on your server.
FTP (FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL )
is the primary internet standard for files transfer.
FTP is a method to transfer files across the Internet
using an FTP client program.
FTP is commonly used on school networks and by
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is used widely on
the Internet for transferring files to and from a
HTTP (HYPERTEXT TRANSFER PROTOCOL)
HTTP is the foundation of data communication for
the World Wide Web.
Hypertext is a multi-linear set of objects.
Building a network using hyperlinks.
For example, when you enter a URL in your
browser, this actually sends an HTTP command to the
Web server directing it to fetch and transmit the
requested Web page.
Transmit and receive data in an unsecured manner
HTTPS (HYPERTEXT TRANSPORT PROTOCOL SECURE )
Transmit and receive data in a secured manner
Examples of sites that use HTTPS include banking and
investment websites, e-commerce websites, and most
websites that require you to log in.
You can tell if a website is secure by viewing the URL in the
address field of your Web Browser.
If the Web address starts with https://, you know you are
accessing a secure website.
Most browsers will also display a lock icon somewhere along
the edge of the window to indicate the website you are
currently visiting is secure.
You can click the lock icon to view the secure certificate that
authenticates the website.
SSL (SECURE SOCKETS LAYER)
This link ensures that all data passed between the
web server and browsers remain private .
SSL is an industry standard and is used by millions
of websites in the protection of their online
transactions with their customers.
SSL provides a way to ensure that the security is
being provided to the transaction and the data in
What is a command prompt ?
Non-graphical interface that allows you to interact with
your operating system.
At the command prompt, you enter commands by typing
their names followed by options and arguments.
Most modern computers use a graphical user interface
(GUI), which allows users to access programs and
Some programs and commands are still only available
only through a command prompt.
What is a command prompt use for ?
used to execute entered command
most commonly used to execute batch
files, perform advanced administrative
functions, and troubleshoot and solve certain kinds
of Windows issues.
How to access the command prompt ?
can be accessed via the Command Prompt shortcut
located in the Accessories program group in
Another way to access Command Prompt would be
to execute CMD or CMD.EXE from the Run dialog
How to used a command prompt ?
you must enter a valid command along with any
executes the command as entered and performs
whatever task or function it's designed to perform in
Availability command prompt ?
every Windows NT-based operating system which
includes Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP,
Windows 2000, and Windows Server 2008/2003.