ObjectivesBy the end of this session, the students will beable to:Identify main concepts, advantages, andproduction processes of ITV.
Instructional television(ITV) *Is a type of television program that is designedfor use in schools. Refers primarily to programs which emphasizeformal, classroom instruction and enrichmentprogramming. *It incorporates "formal" (classroom) and"informal" (cultural, childrens, lifelong learning)instructional programming.
Instructional television(ITV) *Efforts to useTV for education struggled tosurvive, overwhelmed by entertainment andadvertisements. Instructional television has never realized itsfullest potential as an instructional medium. Interest in instructional television was expressedearly. Educators envisioned televisions potential as aninstructional tool and sought recognition byofficials.
ITV broadcast PublicTV stations devote some airtime to ITV ITV programs are seen on a digital subchannel of apublicTV station *Programs on instructional television generally 15minutes in length to help their integration into theclassroom setting. *These shows are often accompanied by teachersguides that include material to help use thisprogram in lessons.
ITV broadcast There are some dedicated free ITV channels(Egyptian Satellite Channels) *As a noncommercial enterprise, ITV needed torely on outside sources for funding. ITV provides programming which emphasizesformal instruction for children and adults. *Literacy, mathematics, science, geography,foreign language and high school equivalencyare a few examples of ITVs offerings.
ITV in HE *Workbooks and examinations oftensupplement the video "lessons.” *“Telecourse" is designed for adults who cannotattend a university. The Pennsylvania State University CCTV project(1952) to eliminate overcrowded classrooms andfaculty shortages. *CCTV system proved unpopular with studentsbecause of the absence of student-teachercontact boring "look" of the programs.
ITV in the Open University ITV is most developed and more successful asa learning device in the Open Universitysystem. The lack of higher education opportunities inmany countries has contributed to thevalidation of distance learning. Open universities are provided by public(service) broadcasters on every continent.
ITV in the Open University *The British Open University (BOU- 1969) is themost notable example, to confer degrees tostudents enrolled in telecourses. Programs are supplemented by outside examsand work/textbooks. *Degrees from the Open Universities are asvalued as traditional college diplomas.
ITV in Schools *Preschool, elementary and secondary schoolstudents use ITV to support traditionalclassroom instruction. *The most successful ITV initiatives in the UnitedStates are public televisions childrensprograms. *Sesame Street successfully combines educationand entertainment ;international success. *An international success, it is even used in theGulf to teach school students Arabic.
ITV in training/enrichment *ITV workplace programming is often usedby corporations for training purposes or toteach safety procedures. ITV also includes "enrichment"programming emphasizing culture, thearts and public affairs. The surge of cable television has been themost significant challenge to ITV.
ITV comparative view ITV is similar throughout the industrializedworld. *The combination of formal classroominstruction and enrichment programmingdefine the genre. ITV in the developing world also includesprogramming which directly effects thequality of life of its viewers.
ITV comparative view *In areas where television penetration is verylow, audiences may gather at communitycenters to view programs on hygiene,literacy, child care and farming methods. In this respect, ITV provides the group withpractical information to improve livingstandards. Such programming bestexemplifies the global aims of ITV.
ITV future view *Satellite technology has alreadyprovided a more effective delivery systemfor programming. *Interactivity has revitalized ITV inparticular.Teleconferencing. *Links classrooms globally. Enhances the cultural literacy of studentsworldwide.
ITV future view *As television will abome more"individualized," providing, for example,"menus" of lessons, applications, andexperiments, ITV may become theprogramming of choice. New outlets for ITV across the globe, butaudiences--students and users—asproduction becomes integrated
Importance Of ITV *Individuals are in need of different education. ITVcan provide mass education that is needed. *New options of ITV make traditional educationalpractices change. *New opportunities of ITV provide all individuals anequality in education. *Addition of synchronous technologies or useinteractive technologies such as teleconferencing,through ITV.
Advantages of ITV *Supporting and enhancing teaching Instructing *Explaining , clarifying *Summarizing *Reinforcement *Motivation and encouragement Using as supplementary for the other materials Imposing study speed (determining rate of study) Presenting a reference to large masses *Changing behavior *Presenting unreachable facts and events.
Disadvantage of ITV *Does not provide instant feedback. *Doesn’t show viewers reactions about theprogram. *Same pace for all students *Cost *Accessibility
Production of f ITV programs1. Analysis2. Design3. Development and production Using people (Instructors , Announcer/Speaker, Players ,Field experts , Common people). Using visual production opportunities (Graphic s) Making use of real events with documents and design4. Implement5. Evaluate
Using ITV *tudent Support : learners face some difficulty andproblems in their own environment while they arelearning and they may feel of being unable to learnon his own, fear of failure because of this. *Supporting Role ofTelevision Programs: providingintroductory course units to introduce aim of a newcourse, using television in their learning period andshow students the way of the study which arebroadcasted at the beginning of each project.
Using ITV Supporting Role ofTelevision Programs forExams: in teaching, television can be usedinteractively or one-way. In one-way teaching, byproducing the programs beforehand, they can bedelivered as videotapes or television broadcast.Contrary to this, interactive televisionstrengthens the effect of teaching by allowingthe participation of the audience. Supporting Identity: to inform students andprovide them with a feeling of belonging to thisfaculty.
Broadcasting on the Internet:Vodcasts*Definition ofVodcasts: term used for the onlinedelivery of video content*Advantages ofVodcast Broadcasting:Access**Everyday People*MobileNews Programs*SpecialTopics*Audio Supports