EGYPTIn the Beginning:• Only chaos, a lifeless water called Nu• Atem, the sun god, rose out of Nu• Atem gave rise to Geb and Nut, the earth and the sky• Geb and Nut’s children were Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, and Horus, five of the most major gods of Egypt.
EGYPTSymbols:• Water is important in Egyptian society (the Nile). Therefore it plays a major part in Egyptian creation• As with the Nile’s regular flooding, Nu causes chaos• Atem represents the sun, another major part of Egyptian society
GREECEIn the Beginning• There was only darkness, from which came Gaea, Mother Earth• Gaea and Uranus, the sky, were the first two entities.• Their children were the Titans
GREECE• Cronos, urged on by Gaea, took Uranus’ scythe and chopped him into many pieces, throwing the pieces into Tartarus• Cronos, the lead Titan, ate his children, the gods, out of fear of them killing him.• When Zeus escaped, he later returned and forced Cronos to regurgitate the other gods. He then killed Cronos and threw him into Tartarus, establishing the reign of the gods.
GREECESymbols• Darkness The Twelve Olympian symbolizes chaos Gods who control the Silver Age• Gaea, the earth, is the most revered entity for all life came from her• You get what you give: Cronos receives the same fate which he inflicted upon
ROMEIn the Beginning• There was only chaos.• A god arose and separated the light from the dark, the sea from the land, and opposites apart• Then man was created either from this one god or by Prometheus, it is not sure which
ROME• The universe came under the rule of Saturn in the golden age.• Finally, Jupiter took control from Saturn and created the silver age, the age of gods and of great prosperity.
ROMESymbols• Original god The Roman symbolizes one Gods higher power.• Jupiter represents order and knowledge prevailing, because although Saturn ruled the golden age, he kept humanity in ignorance. (Ignorance is bliss)
MESOPOTAMIAIn The Beginning:• There are two watery beings, Apsu and Tiamat• From them comes a variety of monsters and gods• Tiamat tries to take control of the universeTigris River
MESOPOTAMIA• Marduk, god of Babylon, fights against her and kills her• Tiamat’s body is split into two parts, heaven and earth.• Marduk creates man to serve the gods, and then plants and animals.Tigris River
MESOPOTAMIA Symbols • Tiamat represents chaos trying to win the universe • Marduk represents order and the Babylonians, who also brought order toBabylonian Hanging Gardens Mesopotamia • Gods were very harsh and combative. This represents the violent conditions before the unification of Mesopotamia. Tigris River
CHRISTIAN/JEWISHIn the Beginning• There was only God, who created the heaven and the earth over seven periods, termed “days”• Man was put in the Garden of Eden.• Man was placed in dominion over the world. Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day and Night Sky and Sea Land and Oceans Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Sun, Moon, Stars Fish and Birds Beasts and Man Day 7 God Rests
CHRISTIAN/JEWISHSymbols• God created everything good.• Man was created on the sixth day for the seventh day• Each “day” is simply a period of time.• The Garden of Eden is an The Garden of Eden earthly paradise.• Man’s dominion represents our need to take care of the world
NORSEIn the beginning• There was only Muspell and Niflheim. Muspell was a place of fiery doom, and Niflheim was a freezing place of ice.• Between the two areas was the Ginnungap, and here, where the heat met the cold rose Ymir, the great frost giant.• From Ymir came his son, who started the race of frost giants, and humans.
NORSE• Soon came Bor and Bestla, whose children were Odin, Vili, and Ve.• The three killed Ymir and Odin became the ruler of the universe.• From Ymir’s body Bor and Bestla fashioned the earth and the rest of the universe.
NORSE Symbols • Both Muspell and Nieflim are chaos. • Life can only arise in the moderate area where they cancel each other out. • Ymir represents life, but he is still a menace. • Odin takes control and brings order to the world.
AZTEC In the Beginning: • There was only void. • Out of this void rose one god with two persons, Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl. They created themselves. • This god was opposites. It was both good and bad, chaos and order.
AZTEC • It’s children were the gods of direction, Huizilopochtli (south), Quetzalcoatl (east), Tezcatlipoca (west), and Xipe Totec (west). • These gods began to create. They created the other gods and a huge sea monster name Cipactli. • When Cipactli began swallowing the rest of creation, the gods attacked him. They defeated him and created the rest of the universe from his body.
AZTEC Symbols: • The dual God represents that there is good in evil and evil in good. • The directional gods are important because the Aztecs believed they lived in the center of the world. • Cipactil represents chaos and destruction
MAYANIn the Beginning:• There is only Heart-of-the-Sky• The Heart-of-the- Sky wants others to praise him, so he creates the earth.• It then creates animals and commands them to pray, but they cannot. So they must serve those who will pray.• It creates men from clay, but they crumble.• It creates men from wood, but they have no will.• Finally, it creates the perfect man from maize.
MAYAN The Mud Men of CreationSymbols:• Animals are recognized to be beneath man• Man fails to satisfy the Heart- of-the-Sky. (sin)• Man made of maize represents the Mayan reliance on maize as their main staple crop.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CIVILIZATIONS• Many differences are seen in these accounts of creation.• Caused by differences in: • Culture • Geography • Religion • Politics• Many different interpretations are seen in Creation stories. These show the differences in societies across history.