Sexual Transmitted Infection


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Sexual Transmitted Infection

  1. 1. STI: AIDS Early Symptoms In the initial stages of HIV infection, most people will have very few, if any, symptoms. Within a month or two after infection, individuals may experience a flu-like illness, including: * Fever * Headache * Tiredness * Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and groin area These symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for another viral infection, such as influenza (flu). However, during this period people are highly infectious because HIV is present in large quantities in genital fluids and blood. Some people infected with HIV may experience more severe symptoms initially or a longer duration of clinical symptoms, while others may remain symptom-free for 10 years or more.
  2. 2. STI: AIDS continuedLater Symptoms * Rapid weight loss * Recurring fever or profuse night sweats * Extreme and unexplained fatigue * Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin or neck * Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week * Sores of the mouth, anus or genitals * Pneumonia * Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose or eyelids * Memory loss, depression and other neurological disorders.Each of these symptoms can be related to other illnesses. The only way to determine if you are infected with HIV is to get tested.
  3. 3. STI: HIV TESTINGTypes of HIV TestsWe test a sample of blood to see if it contains human antibodies (disease-fighting proteins) specific to HIV.The two key types of HIV antibody tests are the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the Western blotNOTE: HIV is the cause of AIDS.
  4. 4. STI: HIV 31 anti retroviral drugs (ARVs) approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat HIV infection. These treatments do not cure people of HIV or AIDS. Rather, they suppress the virus, even to undetectable levels, but they do not completely eliminate HIV from the body. By suppressing the amount of virus in the body, people infected with HIV can now lead longer and healthier lives. However, they can still transmit the virus and must continuously take antiretroviral drugs in order to maintain their health quality.
  5. 5. STI: ChlamydiaMode of Transmission Oral / Anal / Vaginal Sex with an infected personSymptoms: Considered a silent disease with no apparent symptoms up to 2weeks from Infection Those who do have symptoms may have an abnormal discharge (mucus or pus) from the vagina or penis or experience pain while urinating. These early symptoms may be very mild.
  6. 6. STI: ChlamydiaTESTING:Swab test is obtained by briefly placing a swab in the opening of the urethra at the tip of the penis; this causes brief discomfort and a burning sensationTREATMENT:Anti-biotics like Zithromax or Doxycycline
  7. 7. STI: GonorrheaIncubation period 2-10 days after exposure to infected person via sex Symptoms (women) * Bleeding during vaginal intercourse * Painful or burning sensations when urinating * Yellow or bloody vaginal dischargeMore advanced symptoms, which may indicate development of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), include cramps and pain, bleeding between menstrual periods, vomiting, or fever. Symptoms (men) * White, yellow, or green pus from the penis with pain * Burning sensations during urination that may be severe * Swollen or painful testiclesTREATMENT: ANTI-BIOTICS
  8. 8. Gonococcal cervicitis
  9. 9. GENITAL HERPESCaused by Herpes Simplex VirusSymptoms: tingling or sores (lesions) near the area where the virus has entered your body, such as on your genital or rectal area, on your buttocks or thighs Sometimes, there is a crack or raw area or some redness without pain, itching, or tingling. Other symptoms that may accompany the first (and less often future) outbreak of genital herpes are fever, headache, muscle aches, painful or difficult urination, vaginal discharge, and swollen glands in the groin area.TREATMENT: ANTI-BIOTICS
  10. 10. Recurrent herpes, male
  11. 11. STI: SYPHILIS  The first symptom of primary syphilis is often a small, round, firm ulcer called a chancre ("shanker") at the place where the bacteria entered your body.  Treatment: penicillin