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  1. 1. Roy Adaptation Model Chapter 2
  2. 2. Discuss the relationship ofsystems theory to Roy Model.Based on assumptions of von Bertalanffy’sGeneral Systems TheoryBased on assumptions of Helson’sAdaptation-Level theoryHumanism
  3. 3. HumanismPhilosophy and psychology that recognizesthe person and subjective dimensions of thehuman experience as central to knowingand valuing.
  4. 4. Discuss the relationship ofsystems theory to Roy Model.Based on assumptions of von Bertalanffy’sGeneral Systems TheoryBased on assumptions of Helson’sAdaptation-Level theoryHumanismVeritivity
  5. 5. VeritivityPrinciple of human nature that affirms acommon purposefulness of humanexistence, activity and reactivity for thecommon good and value and meaning oflife.
  6. 6. Discuss the concepts ofadaptation model. Adaptive: Human system has the capacity to adjust effectively to changes in the environment and affects the environment. Promote survival, growth, reproduction & mastery.
  7. 7. System Set of parts connected to function as a whole for some purpose and through the interdependence of the parts. Input--Through put--Output--Feedback
  8. 8. Adaptive LevelChanging Point influenced by the demandsof the situation and the person’s internalresources, including capabilities hopes,dreams, aspirations, motivations.Represents the persons ability to respond.
  9. 9. Adaptive LevelThe response (output) or behavior is afunction of the input stimuli and theadaptation level.It is adaptive or ineffective.
  10. 10. Identify the environment as a significant concept of adaptation.Stimuli are environmental influences.3 type: focal contextual, or residual.
  11. 11. Focal StimuliInternal or external stimulus mostimmediately confronting the person
  12. 12. Contextual StimuliAll other stimuli present that contribute tothe focal stimuli.Influence how the person can deal with thefocal stimulus.
  13. 13. Contextual Stimuli
  14. 14. Residual StimuliFactors whose effect in the current situationis unclear.No clear data.Based on theory or experience of the nurse.
  15. 15. Residual Stimuli? ? ? ?? ?
  16. 16. Coping MechanismsInnate or acquired ways of responding tothe changing environment.Innate are genetically determined orcommon to the species and automaticprocesses.Acquired are developed through learningand other process.
  17. 17. Coping MechanismsRegulator
  18. 18. Regulator SubsystemAutomatic responses through neural,chemical and endocrine coping processes.
  19. 19. Coping MechanismsRegulatorCognator
  20. 20. Cognator SubsystemPerceptual/information processing, learning,judgment, and emotion
  21. 21. Perceptual/information Processing Examples:Selective AttentionCodingMemory
  22. 22. LearningImitationReinforcementInsight
  23. 23. EmotionDefenses are used to seek relief fromanxiety
  24. 24. EmotionMake affective appraisal and attachments.
  25. 25. Identify the modes & submodes of the Roy Adaptation ModelAdaptive Modes--Behaviors– Physiological– Self-concept– Role function– Interdependence
  26. 26. Physiological-Physical Mode Needs of physiological integrityOxygenationNutritionEliminationActivity & RestProtectionSensesFluid, electrolyte, and Acid-Base BalanceNeurologic FunctionEndocrine Function
  27. 27. Self-Concept ModePsychological and spiritual aspects of theperson.Need for psychic integrity
  28. 28. Self-conceptComposite of beliefs and feelings that aperson holds about him or herself at a giventime.
  29. 29. Self ConceptPhysical Self– Body Sensations– Body Image
  30. 30. Self ConceptPersonal Self– Self-consistency– Self-ideal– Moral-ethical-spiritual self
  31. 31. Role Function ModeRole is a set of expectations about anotherNeed for social integrityRole classification: Primary, Secondary,Tertiary
  32. 32. Role Function Behaviors Instrumental (task) Expressive (emotional)
  33. 33. Interdependence ModeInteractions related to the giving andreceiving of love, respect, and value.Need is for affectional adequacy.
  34. 34. Interdependence BehaviorsReceptiveContributive
  35. 35. BehaviorsAdaptiveIneffective
  36. 36. Identify the goal of nursing according to RoyPromote ADAPTATION in each of thefour modes.
  37. 37. Discuss the nursing activities in the Roy Adaptation ModelWhat affects adaptation behavior?StimuliIf you want to change behavior,change stimuli.