Ethics of LOVE


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Sexual Ethics presentation, highlighting explanation by Thomas Aquinas in the Summa

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Ethics of LOVE

  1. 1. The Ethics of LOVE (aka ‘Sexual Ethics’) <ul><li>Chief Sources : </li></ul><ul><li> (Jason & Crystalina Evert) </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Kreeft, “Summa of the Summa” </li></ul><ul><li>[explanation of Aristotelian philosophy as expounded on by Thomas Aquinas] </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Human Person: </li></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><li>Soul </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will </li></ul></ul>Verum* Bonum* <ul><li>*Due to weakness, this direction is not automatic. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence : </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance </li></ul><ul><li>Ill will (all vices): hatred, impurity, calumny... ( PCLAGES=pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, sloth) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Need to train the WILL to pursue its proper object: GOOD <ul><li>Concrete applications (solutions/helps) : </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivation of the mind (studies) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships (marriage) </li></ul><ul><li>Social/mutual dealings </li></ul><ul><li>Speech/behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition/Consumption </li></ul>Read! Industriousness Purity/Chastity Love, Respect Discretion/Prudence Temperance/Sobriety
  4. 4. LOVE as one of the passions * <ul><li>*In terms of the 10 categories of Aristotelian logic: substance , quantity , quality , relation , action , passion (reception), time , place , posture , and possession . </li></ul><ul><li>*The Aristotelian category of passion is not necessarily “passionate; it means reception , the “flip side” of action. </li></ul>11 passions : love , hatred, desire, aversion, joy, sorrow; hope, despair, fear, daring, anger.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Summa Q.22, A.2 : </li></ul><ul><li>“… the first change wrought in the  appetite  by the appetible object is called &quot;love,&quot; and is nothing else than complacency in that object; and from this complacency results a movement towards that same object, and this movement is &quot;desire&quot; ; and lastly, there is rest which is &quot; joy .&quot; Since, therefore,  love  consists in a change wrought in the  appetite  by the appetible object, it is evident that love is a  passion : properly so called, according as it is in the  concupiscible  faculty; in a wider </li></ul><ul><li>& extended sense, according as it is in the  will . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>What really is LOVE ? </li></ul><ul><li>Summa Q. 26, A. 4 “… to love is to wish GOOD  to someone. &quot; Hence the movement of love has a twofold tendency: towards the  good  which a man wishes to someone (to himself or to another) and towards that to which he wishes some  good . Accordingly,  man  has love of concupiscence  towards the  good  that he wishes to another, and love of friendship towards him to whom he wishes  good . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Thus we have: </li></ul>Love Most Generally As habit As action or passion Selfish: “love of concupiscence” Unselfish: “love of friendship” Generically “love” Specifically Love choosing: “dilection” Love cherishing: “charity” from Peter Kreeft, “Summa of the Summa”
  8. 8. Sexual Ethics <ul><li>Sexuality   affects all aspects of the human person in the unity of his body and soul. It especially concerns affectivity , the capacity to love and to procreate, and in a more general way the aptitude for forming bonds of communion with others. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone, man and woman, should acknowledge and accept his sexual  identity . Physical, moral, and spiritual  difference  and  complementarity are oriented toward the goods of marriage and the flourishing of family life . The harmony of the couple and of society depends in part on the way in which the complementarity, needs, and mutual support between the sexes are lived out. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sexual Ethics (cont’d) <ul><li>Chastity means the successful integration of sexuality within the person and thus the inner unity of man in his bodily and spiritual being. Sexuality, in which man's belonging to the bodily and biological world is expressed, becomes personal and truly human when it is integrated into the relationship of one person to another, in the complete and lifelong mutual gift of a man and a woman. </li></ul><ul><li>The virtue of chastity therefore involves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the integrity of the person and the integrality of the gift . </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The integrity of the person </li></ul><ul><li>The chaste person maintains the integrity of the powers of life and love placed in him. This integrity ensures the unity of the person; it is opposed to any behavior that would impair it. It tolerates neither a double life nor duplicity in speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Chastity includes an  apprenticeship in self-mastery  which is a training in human freedom. The alternative is clear: either man governs his passions and finds peace, or he lets himself be dominated by them and becomes unhappy. </li></ul><ul><li>The integrality of the gift of self </li></ul><ul><li>Charity is the  form   of all the virtues . Under its influence, chastity appears as a school of the gift of the person. Self-mastery is ordered to the gift of self.  </li></ul>Sexual Ethics (cont’d)
  11. 11. Love & Responsibility: Ethics Taken from “Love and Responsibility”
  12. 12. Abstinence Education: research shows that … <ul><li>… abstinence-only education works and is effective: </li></ul><ul><li>Abstinence programs emphasize principles of self-restraint, self-esteem, future goals, longterm commitment, and unselfishness in relationships, and teach healthy relationship skills, all of which support the formation of strong marriages and healthy families. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Jason Evert in Manila! Feb. 24-28, 2011 [Feb. 24, U.P. Theatre]