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Not everything is 'e', advice on tracing public health resources which are still available in print only!


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Nicholas Martland Not everything is 'e', advice on tracing public health resources which are still available in print only!

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Not everything is 'e', advice on tracing public health resources which are still available in print only!

  1. 1. Not everything is ‘e’: accessing printresources a presentation by Nicholas Martland ALISS / BL Global Aspects of Public Health Workshop, The British Library, 10th November 2011
  2. 2. Not everything is ‘e’Not everything is available Not everything is published inelectronically english Not everything is published in North America & the EU 2
  3. 3. Wider issues – online/print and English/other languages Not all resources are digitised and available online Many online resources are available only via subscription-based databases requiring institutional access or individual payment Even where material is freely available/open access not everyone has the skills or the infrastructure to access online – the digital divide Dominance of UK / EU and North American publishing – yet muchpublished elsewhere both in English and other languages The convenience and apparent breadth of online resources(particularly in academic institutions) might distort research through aneglect of: print-only material; developing countries’ research and publishing output; non-English language resources 3
  4. 4. English dominates … but not everything is in the Englishlanguage English is the language of academic and professional STM publishing – increasingly even in the non-Anglophone world Many academic journals in China, Japan, the Hispanic and Arab worlds now publish English abstracts and increasingly articles in English English still the dominant language of the Internet and commercialdatabases BUT The mass of the population in the developing/newly industrialising worldare educated and informed in languages other than English. Health information - from official publications to popular literature - in the developing/newly industrialising world is produced in languages other than English – even in the Anglophone world, in countries such as India and Malaysia 4
  5. 5. “Beyond English: accessing the global epidemiologicalliterature”“Beyond English: accessing the global epidemiologicalliterature” has a range of articles – from the philosophical tothe practical - relating to issues concerning literature inlanguages other than English in the fields of epidemiology andpublic health. open access journal Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 5
  6. 6. Other issues particularly relevant to the developing worldPlace of traditional / alternative systems of medicine in health care Ayurvedic, Unani, Siddha, Chinese medicine, &c. Information often not available in English nor onlineTraditional belief systems / folklore / religious & cultural issuesMedicinal plants and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) fear that “Big Pharma” poaching medicinal plants and plant products toexploit with little return for local communitiesGeneric medicines and IPR Western pharmaceutical companies concerned about loss of income fromgeneric medicines produced in Brazil, Cuba, India, &c.Issues of literacy / Public health education / Access to online resources 6
  7. 7. UK library holdings – publishing beyond the UK and the US The British Library and SOAS Library are major repositories forprinted and online resources in Arabic, Asian and African languagesand for material in English and other European languages on theMiddle East, Asia and Africa, relating to public health The British Library and ULRLS (University of London ResearchLibrary Services) Latin American and Caribbean Studies Collectionare major repositories for printed and online resources in Spanishand Portuguese and for material on Latin America and theCaribbean, relating to public health Other university and research libraries also hold important Englishlanguage collections on Asia, the Middle East, Africa, the Pacific,Latin America and the Caribbean, and also material in languagesother than English. Check COPAC 7
  8. 8. Search terms - changes in terminology Terms change and older terms become inappropriate or redundantas the old, bi-polar divisions between the developed and developingworld become less meaningful – but they remain important assearch terms, particularly when searching older catalogues andindexesFirst World / Third WorldThe North / The SouthDeveloped World / Developing WorldIndustrialised West / Industrialising WorldPost-Industrial World / Industrialising World 8
  9. 9. Search strategies: Geographic search terms for nations For large countries also search at state/province level: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh as well as India Queensland, Northern Territory as well as Australia São Paulo, Bahia, Pará as well as Brazil Archaic terms might still be used in indexes, catalogues & even online: Ceylon for Sri Lanka Malaya for Malaysia Gold Coast for Ghana British Guiana for Guyana(particularly useful for research into the history of medicine and publichealth) 9
  10. 10. Search strategies: broader & narrower terms Search under broader terms such as Asia-Pacific; Southeast Asia; MiddleEast; Latin America; Organisation of Islamic Cooperation; ASEAN and TheCommonwealth as well as under names of individual countries andstates/provinces within countries Combine geographic names with broader terms such as “Health” or“Disease” or with more specific terms such as “AIDS”; “Malaria”; “Cholera”;“Primary health care” and “Immunization” Use non-English words for “health” : salud (Spanish); saude (Portuguese);sức khỏe (Vietnamese); kesihatan / kesehatan (Malay / Indonesian); sağlık(Turkish); wèi shēng 卫生 [hygiene] or jiàn kāng 健康 [health] (Chinese) ;‫(الصحة‬Arabic).….this is a particularly useful way of locating journal titles and officialpublications, including statistics 10
  11. 11. Accessing MonographsMajority of monographs still in print/paper format. Using appropriate searchterms, search individual library catalogues or databases such as Copac andWorldcat monographs are available electronically and in print; some are only availableelectronically: - PDF files (official bodies, academic departments, NGOs) - freely available online books (e.g., googlebooks) - ebooks (either purchased individually or as a package) - POD (Print on Demand) 11
  12. 12. Conference proceedingsAlthough more-recent conference proceedings are sometimesavailable online, older printed conference proceedings will probablyremain a low priority for digitisation.The British Library has probably the most comprehensive and easilyaccessible collection of conference publications in the world. the BL or COPAC catalogues using “conference” or“proceedings” together with a subject and a country name as searchterms. 12
  13. 13. Research institute and university department publications Research institutes and university departments publishjournals, reports and sometimes monographs Such publications cover a broad range of research topicsthat can include material on public health Particularly in the developing/newly industrialising world,these publications are not likely to be available online andmight be the only source of published research from a country 13
  14. 14. Official / government publications Many official publications, reports and parliamentary papers are now available online … but many are not … Older publications might not have been digitised Many developing/newly industrialising countries officialpublications are not available online 14
  15. 15. Indexes and bibliographic databasesAlthough most bibliographic databases and indexes are nowavailable online, much of the material cited is only available inprinted format.There are bibliographic databases specifically related tohealth, such as the WHO Virtual Health LibraryThere are region- and country-specific databases, such as theBibliography of Asian Studies and the Australian InformitdatabaseThere are databases/indexes that appear to be of norelevance to public health …. 15
  16. 16. Index IslamicusAn example of a resource that is probably generally perceived as of norelevance to public health issues is Index Islamicus : a bibliography ofbooks, articles and reviews on Islam and the Muslim world.Indexes material on Islam, the Middle East and the Muslim world.The “Muslim world” covers all countries that have a Muslim or Muslimminority population - all of Asia & the Middle East, including China; India, SriLanka, Burma and Nepal not just Pakistan and Bangladesh; Africa; and alsoEurope and North America.Religious and theological subjects are only part of Index Islamicus’coverage. It covers the arts and humanities, the social sciences and appliedsciences.Good coverage of public health issues. 16
  17. 17. Any questions? Any questions? 17
  18. 18. The end …. Thank you Gracias Obrigado Terima kasih Cảm ơn bạn 谢谢 ً ‫شكرا‬ Teşekkür ederim 18