“ Safe as Houses” Peter Grimoldby Private Rented Team
Poor Housing - <ul><li>About 30% of private rented housing has serious health and safety problems </li></ul><ul><li>Total ...
HHSRS  - The Housing Health and Safety Rating System <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </l...
Risk Assessment High Score      Extreme (Death)       Significant     Low Score Minor Injury Very likely Likely Unlikely E...
HHSRS  <ul><li>Looks at the “likelihood” of a significant harm </li></ul><ul><li>Looks at the “outcome” when that happens ...
HHSRS Hazards <ul><li>29 types of risk of harm to the health and safety of an occupier </li></ul>
HHSRS – Hazards <ul><li>Damp and mould </li></ul><ul><li>Excess Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Excess Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Asbes...
HHSRS – Hazards <ul><li>Crowding and space </li></ul><ul><li>Entry by intruders </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><...
HHSRS – Hazards <ul><li>Falls on level surfaces etc </li></ul><ul><li>Falls on stairs etc </li></ul><ul><li>Falls between ...
Example – Falls on Stairs Etc
Falls on Stairs Etc (Likelihood) <ul><li>Can you misplace your feet? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you slip on the tread surface? ...
Falls on Stairs Etc (Outcomes) <ul><li>What do you hit when you fall down? (How hard, sharp or angular is it?) </li></ul><...
Example – Falls on Stairs Etc.
HHSRS Falls on Stairs Etc <ul><li>Uneven steps </li></ul><ul><li>External – slippery in rain and ice </li></ul><ul><li>Loo...
HHSRS Assessment - Likelihood <ul><li>Average risk of a harmful incident in next 12 months? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1:226 </...
HHSRS Assessment - Outcomes <ul><li>Average degree of injury or illness associated with an incident of falls on stairs </l...
Example – Falls on Stairs Etc.
HHSRS Score <ul><li>Typical score for falls on stairs for this age of property </li></ul><ul><li>155 Category 2 </li></ul>...
Result <ul><li>A category 1 hazard exists </li></ul><ul><li>Technically Council is obliged to “do something” </li></ul>
Council’s Action - Choices <ul><li>Hazard Awareness Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition </l...
Council’s Action - Choices <ul><li>What is reasonable in circumstances? </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement Policy </li></ul>
Council Practice <ul><li>We will work with landlords informally to improve housing </li></ul><ul><li>Formal action will on...
The Cost of Unsafe Housing <ul><li>Remedying Falls on Stairs costs £340 (average) </li></ul><ul><li>The NHS cost of a sign...
HHSSR <ul><li>29 hazards, each assessed individually </li></ul><ul><li>We use the statistical information in the guidance ...
More Information <ul><li>Leaflets </li></ul><ul><li>www.plymouth.gov.uk/housing </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
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HHSRS - PCC

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HHSSR - Health and Safety Rating System - PCC

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HHSRS - PCC

  1. 1. “ Safe as Houses” Peter Grimoldby Private Rented Team
  2. 2. Poor Housing - <ul><li>About 30% of private rented housing has serious health and safety problems </li></ul><ul><li>Total NHS cost of poor housing in Plymouth exceeds £10M every year </li></ul><ul><li>Annually about 118 deaths due to poor housing </li></ul><ul><li>Main problems are Excess Cold and falls </li></ul>
  3. 3. HHSRS - The Housing Health and Safety Rating System <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Rating System </li></ul>
  4. 4. Risk Assessment High Score      Extreme (Death)       Significant     Low Score Minor Injury Very likely Likely Unlikely Effect
  5. 5. HHSRS <ul><li>Looks at the “likelihood” of a significant harm </li></ul><ul><li>Looks at the “outcome” when that happens </li></ul><ul><li>Brings them together as a combined score </li></ul><ul><li>Sets a score of 1000 as a definition of poor housing </li></ul>
  6. 6. HHSRS Hazards <ul><li>29 types of risk of harm to the health and safety of an occupier </li></ul>
  7. 7. HHSRS – Hazards <ul><li>Damp and mould </li></ul><ul><li>Excess Cold </li></ul><ul><li>Excess Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Asbestos </li></ul><ul><li>Biocides </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide and fuel combustion products </li></ul><ul><li>Lead </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation </li></ul><ul><li>Uncombusted fuel gas </li></ul><ul><li>Volatile organic compounds. </li></ul>
  8. 8. HHSRS – Hazards <ul><li>Crowding and space </li></ul><ul><li>Entry by intruders </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Noise </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse </li></ul><ul><li>Food safety </li></ul><ul><li>Personal hygiene, sanitation, and drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Water supply </li></ul>
  9. 9. HHSRS – Hazards <ul><li>Falls on level surfaces etc </li></ul><ul><li>Falls on stairs etc </li></ul><ul><li>Falls between levels </li></ul><ul><li>Falls associated with baths etc </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Flames, hot surfaces etc </li></ul><ul><li>Collision and Entrapment </li></ul><ul><li>Explosion </li></ul><ul><li>Position and Operation of Amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Collapse and Falling Elements </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example – Falls on Stairs Etc
  11. 11. Falls on Stairs Etc (Likelihood) <ul><li>Can you misplace your feet? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you slip on the tread surface? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you fall off the side of the stairs? </li></ul><ul><li>(Can you see?) </li></ul><ul><li>(What can you hold on to?) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Falls on Stairs Etc (Outcomes) <ul><li>What do you hit when you fall down? (How hard, sharp or angular is it?) </li></ul><ul><li>How hard do you hit it? (distance of fall) </li></ul><ul><li>What happens if you are injured? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example – Falls on Stairs Etc.
  14. 14. HHSRS Falls on Stairs Etc <ul><li>Uneven steps </li></ul><ul><li>External – slippery in rain and ice </li></ul><ul><li>Loose and missing handrails </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Cold (clumsy) </li></ul><ul><li>Hard and uneven surfaces at base of steps </li></ul><ul><li>Hard angles to steps </li></ul><ul><li>Risk of hyperthermia after a fall </li></ul>
  15. 15. HHSRS Assessment - Likelihood <ul><li>Average risk of a harmful incident in next 12 months? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1:226 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A harmful incident is more likely to happen here </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1:18 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Only concerned with significant incidents) </li></ul>
  16. 16. HHSRS Assessment - Outcomes <ul><li>Average degree of injury or illness associated with an incident of falls on stairs </li></ul><ul><li>2.1% fatality rate </li></ul><ul><li>An incident here is likely to cause greater injuries </li></ul><ul><li>4.6% fatality rate </li></ul>
  17. 17. Example – Falls on Stairs Etc.
  18. 18. HHSRS Score <ul><li>Typical score for falls on stairs for this age of property </li></ul><ul><li>155 Category 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Actual score for this dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>3504 Category 1 </li></ul>
  19. 19. Result <ul><li>A category 1 hazard exists </li></ul><ul><li>Technically Council is obliged to “do something” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Council’s Action - Choices <ul><li>Hazard Awareness Notice </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Demolition </li></ul>
  21. 21. Council’s Action - Choices <ul><li>What is reasonable in circumstances? </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement Policy </li></ul>
  22. 22. Council Practice <ul><li>We will work with landlords informally to improve housing </li></ul><ul><li>Formal action will only take place where this fails, or problem is urgent </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Cost of Unsafe Housing <ul><li>Remedying Falls on Stairs costs £340 (average) </li></ul><ul><li>The NHS cost of a significant fall is between £100 and £50,000 – average of £2405 </li></ul><ul><li>Plus social and quality of life costs </li></ul>
  24. 24. HHSSR <ul><li>29 hazards, each assessed individually </li></ul><ul><li>We use the statistical information in the guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Do problems in the house make a harmful occurrence more likely than average? </li></ul><ul><li>Do problems in the house make the result of an occurrence more damaging to health than average? </li></ul><ul><li>Combined to make a score; 1000 or more is a category 1 hazard - a failure to meet minimum standards </li></ul>
  25. 25. More Information <ul><li>Leaflets </li></ul><ul><li>www.plymouth.gov.uk/housing </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>

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