Art & gender


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Art & gender

  1. 1. Art & Gender CHAPTER 4.10
  2. 2. Art & Gender  Sex identifies a person as biologically male or female.  Gender is the inner identity and is hard to condense into 2 different categories, typically under feminine or masculine.  Difficult to determine if gender is biologically or culturally derived, or possibly even both.
  3. 3. Gendered Roles Natali Tuttle
  4. 4. Gender Roles in Art Through History  Males have been consistently portrayed as kings, soldiers, royalty, peasants, hunters, p riests, artists, musicians, etc.  Never seen doing any feminine activities.  Overwhelmingly extremely masculine, whether in a position of leadership or strong, dominant male.
  5. 5. Gender Roles in Art Through History  Females have mostly been very narrowly represented in the history of art.  Mainly portrayed as religious figures, mistresses, mothers or sources of temptations. (O’Kelly)
  6. 6. Gender Roles in Art Through History  Gradually as culture, morals and religions changed, so did the representations and availabilities of women in art. Woman slowly gained more roles in compositions.  Men has remained fairly consistent throughout history.  The base frame of these representations still exist in the modern day art.
  7. 7. Self-Portrait Sideways No. 3, John Coplans  Photography, Gelatin Silver Print  2001  Challenges the traditional male nudes  Traditional: tall, sculpture, toned, strong  Coplans: hunched, escaping, n on-ideal body  He brings a striking reality of the aging body
  8. 8. Untitled Film Still #35, Cindy Sherman  Black and white photograph  1979  Appears to be a self portrait of some sort, but the artist recreated characters from nonexistent 1950s B-movies where women were always stereotypically represented as housewives, starlet, country girl, going to the city, etc.
  9. 9. Feminist Critique Rachel Barraza
  10. 10. Feminist Critique  Women had fewer opportunities than men to become artists  Language associated with a gender bias  Not many people noticed that women had been excluded from institutions  The feminist movement of the 1960's and 1970's
  11. 11. The Dinner Party – Judy Chicago 1974-9 Sculpture Honors women from the past and present Triangular dinner table Place settings Georgia O'Keeffe
  12. 12. Judith Decapitating Holofernes Artemisia Gentileschi 1620 Oil on canvas Reinterpretation of a Caravaggio Story from the Bible Events in Gentileschi's own Life
  13. 13. Blurring the Lines: Ambiguous Genders Alisha Moss
  14. 14. Blurring the Lines: Ambiguous Genders  Most cultures have clear roles for males and females  Not everyone fits into the traditional roles  As public awareness of ambiguous genders increases our art reflects it.
  15. 15. Blurring the Lines: Ambiguous Genders  Gender roles have become a hot topic recently but its not exactly a new subject for art  A twist in traditional gender roles in Egyptian art.  Today blurred gender can be found nearly everywhere.
  16. 16. Hermaphroditus  Unknown artist, Lady Lever Art Gallery in England.  The nymph Salmacis loved Hermaphroditus  We see both male and female characteristics  Over all feminine look but awkward male features
  17. 17. Hermaphrodite with a Dog  Diane Arbus, gelatin silver print - 1968  Is this a male or female?  Feminine costume, make up and clean shaven right side  Wristwatch, masculine tattoo and unshaved left side  No clear gender identity
  18. 18. “ ” Thank you! ART AND GENDER CHAPTER 4.10 Natali Tuttle Rachel Barraza Alisha Moss