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Leadership Styles


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Leadership Styles

  1. 1. Styles ofleadershipBy: Endrita Isaj and AlishaEsteves
  2. 2. What is a Leader? The person who leads or commands a group, organization or country Has a vision and leads the group towards a common goal that needs to be achieved (Cherry)
  3. 3. Styles of LeadershipAutocratic Democratic Laissez-faire
  4. 4. Autocratic Leaders Characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members Provide clear expectations for what needs to be done, when it should be done, and how it should Hitler was an be done. autocratic leader Best applied to situations where because nobody there is little time for group had a say in what happened and decision-making or where the they couldn’t leader is the most knowledgeable speak out against member of the group (Cherry) his regime or Example: Hitler they’d be killed
  5. 5. Autocratic Leaders: Effects onTeams Positive Negative-Helps New Members by -decision making is lessteaching them how to creativeperform a task so they have -doesn’t develop gooda set of clear expectations relationships between group-allows knowledgeable membersmembers to direct new -lessened commitment: themembers in terms of leader takes credit for all theappropriate behavior until successthe new members are -high stress: members feelcapable of making stressed due to highdecisions on their own expectations and a low(Slusher) feeling of worth (Slusher)
  6. 6. Democratic Leaders Generally the most effective leadership style Offer guidance to group members, but they also participate in the group and allow input from other group members Encourage group members to participate, but retain the final say over the decision-making process. Obama is a Members in this group were less democratic productive than the members of the leader because authoritarian group, but their the elected contributions were of a much higher members of quality(Cherry). government have Example: Barack Obama a say just as much as he does
  7. 7. Democratic Leaders: Effectson Teams Positive Negative-inspires better creativity, cooperation, -not a lot of workmotivation and communication amongemployees. may be-invites workers to discuss the factors that will accomplished dueinfluence a particular decision, workers have a to the amount ofbetter understanding of the reasoning behind time spent onthe decisions that are made.-Workers are more committed to their group’s discussiongoal because they feel that their input has (Webster)importance-Democratic leaders often work with theiremployees to set workable goals rather thandictating what might be unobtainable goals.(Webster)
  8. 8. Laissez-faire Least productive of all three groups Offer little or no guidance to group members and leave decision-making up to group Ghandi was a members. (Cherry) laissez-faire leader because he encouraged peaceful protesting and he didn’t direct the group, they all came together to work towards a common goal
  9. 9. Laissez-faire: Effects on Teams Positive Negative-While this style can be -It often leads to poorlyeffective in situations where defined roles and a lack ofgroup members are highly motivation.qualified in an area of -More demands on theexpertise (Cherry) leader -Little cooperation and were unable to work independently (Cherry)
  10. 10. ScenariosYou’re in a company meeting and theleader is talking about ways to achieve theirgoals.1) What would an autocratic leader do?2) What would a democratic leader do?3) What would a laissez-faire leader do?
  11. 11. Scenarios: Autocratic Theautocratic would not consult the rest of the team and set their own goals and assume that the group members would achieve them up to their expectations
  12. 12. Scenarios: DemocraticA democratic leader would discuss with the group members, goals that would be obtainable. An example of these are the SMART goals - specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and timely.
  13. 13. Scenarios: Laissez-faire Would not set long term goals for the group to achieve and allow members to work at their own pace and independently
  14. 14. Leadership inTeaching TeachingAutocratic Democratic Laissez-faire
  15. 15. Teaching: Autocratic Effective Not Effective-Works best in applied -In a class where studentsclassrooms, where students are to work independentlyare pushed and motivated (ex. This Peer Tutoring class)by their teachers to do their -In an Academic classbest where students can take responsibility and initiative for their own learning -Doesn’t prepare students for University -Not an encouraging learning environment
  16. 16. Teaching: Democratic Effective Not Effective-Mutual cooperation -In cases where students arebetween a teacher and a a bit shy and afraid to speakstudent up, prefer to work-Would work best in both independently (ex. ESL class)applied and academicclassrooms-Creative groups such as artand drama classes-Makes students feelinvolved in their ownlearning and helps todevelop their people skills
  17. 17. Teaching: Laissez-faire Effective Not Effective-In IB classrooms where -Applied classesstudents are committed to -Elementary schooldeveloping learning skillsand working independently-Online learning classes
  18. 18. Leadership inParenting ParentingAutocratic Democratic Laissez-faire
  19. 19. Parenting: Autocratic Effective Not Effective-When you have rowdy -When the children are oldchildren enough to make their own-Young children choices and decisions-Need to instill discipline at a -Can seem oppressive andyoung age untrusting -Would effect the child’s confidence and relationship between the child and the parents
  20. 20. Parenting: Democratic Effective Not Effective-Gives your child more -When children are veryfreedom to develop their young and don’t have theown choices and morals common sense to make-Learn how to be more rational decisionsindependent while still beingguided
  21. 21. Parenting: Laissez-faire Effective Not Effective-When teenagers are above -In children ages 0-17 whenthe age of 18 and head off children need their parentsto University/College to instill good morals and shape them to be responsible, young adults
  22. 22. Leadershipin Managing ManagingAutocratic Democratic Laissez-faire
  23. 23. Managing: Autocratic Effective Not Effective-In businesses/companies -In work places where workwhere the tasks are more involves everyone’s inputindependent (ex. and decisions areConstruction Companies) influenced by the whole-Certain decisions, such as group (ex. Magazinethose that affect worker company)safety, should be handledby experts and should notbe open to discussion
  24. 24. Managing: Democratic Effective Not Effective-In work places where work -Where the leader is theinvolves everyone’s input expert in that field and theyand decisions are don’t need the input of theirinfluenced by the whole co-workersgroup (ex. Magazinecompany)
  25. 25. Managing: Laissez-faire Effective Not Effective-If the leader monitors what -When time is limited andis being achieved and there are urgent deadlinescommunicates this back to to meetthe team regularly -Need someone to take-When individual team charge and the workplacemembers are very requires directionexperienced and skilled self-starters
  26. 26. Leadership vs. Management Leadership Similar Management-an original -involve -a copy-a leader innovates influence, -a managerand develops working with maintains-a leader has a people, concern -a manager has along-range about effective short range viewperspective goal -accepts the status--a leader accomplishment quo (Prussakov)challenges the (TeamTech) -controls or directsstatus-quo people/resources in(Prussakov) a group according-Leadership is setting to principle or valuesa new direction or that have alreadyvision for a group been establishedthat they work with (TeamTech)(TeamTech)
  27. 27. Video RQGgw_A