6.4 organisations

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6.4 organisations

  1. 1. Organisations Involved in International Law Sources of Contemporary Australian Law
  2. 2. The United Nations  Started in 1945  51 initial members  193 members today  Aimed to be a “forum for nations in dispute with each other”  Didn’t allow for domestic disputes (ie: civil war)
  3. 3. Courts and Tribunals International Court of Justice War Crimes Tribunals International Criminal Court • Fixed court, in the Hague, Netherlands • Set up on an ad hoc basis (when they need to) • Has existed since 2002 • Won’t hear a case unless both parties agree to be bound by the decision • Nuremburg (Germany) was the first, post WWII • Rwanda (appeals) • Fmr Yugoslavia (20) • 122 member-states • All trials have focused on Africans Eg: East Timor v Australia re: oil fields and spying Investigate genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, breaches of Geneva Convention Targets individuals who have committed crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide
  4. 4. Intergovernmental Organisations (IGOs)  Organisations which represent the governments of their members EG:  United Nations  European Union (EU)  ASEAN  IGOs have their own rules for membership and sanctions against those who don’t comply
  5. 5. Non-government Organisations  Limited Status  cannot enforce sanctions  can apply pressure on governments through lobbying, education programs, aid etc EG:  Amnesty International  Greenpeace  Sea Shepherd
  6. 6. Relevance to Australia?  We have played an active role since the UN was formed  We are a member-nation of many organs, and have been active in peace-keeping  UN treaties have an impact on our domestic legislation  It’s not all smooth-sailing; we have been at odds with the UN on a range of issues  Asylum seekers  Indigenous issues  East Timor / oil

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