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Day 11 grammar fragment presentation


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Day 11 grammar fragment presentation

  1. 1. Happy Sentence Structure Monday!!! I hope you had a chance to review your own work and make corrections in italics. I hope even more you have brought those revisions with you.
  2. 2. Sentence Fragments • A sentence fragment is a word group that pretends to be a sentence. Sentence fragments are easy to recognize when they appear out of context: • When the cat leaped onto the table. • Running for the bus (verbal alert!!!). • And immediately popped their flares and life vests.
  3. 3. Sentence Fragments • When fragments appear next to related sentences, however, they are harder to spot. • We had just sat down to dinner. When the cat leaped onto the table. • I tripped and twisted my ankle. Running for the bus. • The pilots ejected from the burning plane, landing in the water not far from the ship. And immediately popped their flares and lifevests.
  4. 4. Fixing Sentence Fragments • Easy Peasy!!! • Just pull the fragment into a nearby sentence. • Rewrite the fragment as a complete sentence. • Let’s look at pp 239-240
  5. 5. Vocabulary Alert I • Fragmented subordinate clauses • Fragmented phrases • Other fragmented word groups 1. Parts of compound predicates 2. Lists 3. Examples introduced by “for example,” “in addition,” or similar phrases
  6. 6. Vocabulary Alert II • Prepositional phrases =a group of words made up of a preposition, its object, and any of the object's modifiers. They add meaning to the nouns and verbs in a sentence. • Verbal = a verb form that does not serve as a verb in the sentence. Instead, it functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Verbal phrase includes the verbal plus its objects & modifiers, • Appositives = words that rename nouns or pronouns.
  7. 7. Attach fragmented subordinate clauses or turn them into sentences. • A subordinate clause is patterned like a sentence, with both a subject and a verb, but it begins with a word that marks it as subordinate. • The fact that it is subordinate makes the clause a fragment. By definition, a subordinate thought is not a complete thought, and all sentences must have a SUBJECT and a VERB, and EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT.
  8. 8. The fix – let’s look at p. 240 to see words that signal subordinate clauses
  9. 9. Attach fragmented phrases or turn them into sentences. • Like subordinate clauses, phrases function within sentences as adjectives (describe nouns), adverbs (describe actions), or as nouns. They cannot stand alone. They are often prepositional or verbal phrases; sometimes they are apposotives (words or word groups that rename nouns or pronouns). • Let’s look at p. 241
  10. 10. Other common fragment forms • Parts of compound predicates (hint: use the three-prong approach. Does it have a subject, verb AND express a complete thought). • Lists (often you can attach it to a nearby sentence with a colon or a dash) • Examples introduced by “for example,” “in addition,” or similar expressions – generally pretty easy to turn fragment into sentence.
  11. 11. Page 242 • Let’s look at p. 242 to see how easy it is to fix these fragments. • Want more practice?? Do Exercises G5-1 and G5-2. I will happily go over these with you in the additional support sessions.