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Digital Enterprise: Industry 4.0

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Digital Enterprise: Industry 4.0

  1. 1. ON THE WAY TO INDUSTRY 4.0 : DIGITAL ENTERPRISE Ali Rıza Ersoy Mar, 2016 v2.0
  2. 2. GOOGLE TRENDS First assembly line Cincinnati USA, 1870
  3. 3. HISTORY?
  4. 4. FIRST INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • Mechanical Steam Power First mechanical loom Doncaster England, 1784 Photograph Source : http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/79800/79831/79831_powerloom.htm
  5. 5. SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTİON • Electrical Energy First assembly line Cincinnati USA, 1870 Photograph Source : http://www.thinglink.com/scene/477884074095017986
  6. 6. THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • Electronic and IT Systems Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) 1969 Photograph Source : http://electrical-engineering-portal.com/when-we-started-to-use- plcs-after-all
  7. 7. WHY 4th?
  8. 8. EAST MANUFACTURING OVERWHELMING WEST • Industrial products sales Source VDMA Billion € 2006 2011 EU (27) 550 620 China 170 580 USA 280 280 Germany 190 220 Russia 10 15
  9. 9. SHORTEN TIME TO MARKET • Shorter innovation cycles • More complex products • Smaller lots
  10. 10. INCREASE FLEXIBILITY • Individualized production • Volatile markets • Max. automation
  11. 11. BOOST EFFICIENCY • More with less • Energy efficiency • Robots for redundant actions • More flexible and coherent processes
  12. 12. WHEN?
  13. 13. INDUSTRIE 4.0 • 2011 Hannover Fair • 2012 German Federal Goverment • 2013 April German Country Strategy • 2014 February Siemens Turkey Press Launch • 2015 Hannover Fair motto • 2016 Davos WEF motto
  14. 14. HOW?
  15. 15. CYBER - PHYSICAL SYSTEMS • Digital 3D simulation of factories, manufacturing lines and human • Digital 3D simulation of products • All on PLM-Product Lifecyle Management systems • Bits and atoms Photograph Source : http://www.fabricatingandmetalworking.com/2013/09/standing- on-the-edge/
  16. 16. Animation 16
  17. 17. VERTICAL & HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION • Vertical: Marketing, Sales, Planning, Production (PLM, ERP, MES/MOM) • Horizontal: Raw Material, Suppliers, Producers, Logistics, Distributers, Customers, Recycling • No hierarchy, all distributed
  18. 18. IOT INTERNET OF THINGS (&SERVICES &HUMAN &EVERYTHING) Connected “things” will double to 28 billion by 2020, human to 7,7 billion • Unique ID for every material, machine, product and human • End-to-end digital process info from raw material to recycle • Communicating, analyzing data, predict failure, configure trouble shooting • Adapt to changes
  19. 19. AUTONOMOUS ROBOTS • Learning from other robots and humans • Multi programmable • Great capabilities • H2M, M2H, New:M2M • Self –testing and repairing
  20. 20. © Siemens AG 2015 Page 20 Siegfried Russwurm, Member of the Managing Board of Siemens AGJune 9, 2015
  21. 21. Increase of data from 2010 to 2020 50fold 20202010 Overall data Big Data And Analytics - aaaa 0101001101101001011001010110110101100101011011100111001100 1000000110100101110011001000000110000100100000011001110110 1100011011110110001001100001011011000010000001110000011011 1101110111011001010111001001101000011011110111010101110011 0110010100100000011001100110111101100011011101010111001101 1010010110111001100111001000000110111101101110001000000111 0100011010000110010100100000011000010111001001100101011000 0101110011001000000110111101100110001000000110010101101100 0110010101100011011101000111001001101001011001100110100101 1000110110000101110100011010010110111101101110001011000010 0000011000010111010101110100011011110110110101100001011101 0001101001011011110110111000100000011000010110111001100100 0010000001100100011010010110011101101001011101000110000101 1011000110100101111010011000010111010001101001011011110110 1110001011100010000001001111011011100110010100100000011011 1101100110001000000111010001101000011001010010000001110111 0110111101110010011011000110010010010010011100110010000001 1011000110000101110010011001110110010101110011011101000010 0000011100000111001001101111011001000111010101100011011001 0101110010011100110010000001101111011001100010000001100101 0110111001100101011100100110011101111001001011010110010101 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 • Data created only in 2000 was more than in 25 million years • Many different sources (robots, automation software, even unfinished products) • Must for real-time decision making BIG DATA AND ANALYTICS
  22. 22. THE CLOUD • 35 % of data in Cloud by 2020 • Cloud based solutions • Smart applications
  23. 23. AUGMENTED REALITY • Manufacturing instructions • Real-time reports, messages • Quality checks with camera • Emergency directives
  24. 24. CYBER- SECURITY • More comprehensive security framework • Increased communication can cause access problems • Vulnerable to cyberattacks • Data privacy is critical
  25. 25. WHAT @WORLD?
  26. 26. GERMANY: SIEMENS AMBERG FACILITY • 1000+ product variants • 1Million products monthly • Only 25% performed by humans • Quality 99.9988 %
  27. 27. CHINA • 20 % of the world's • Made in China 2025 • Goal : 40% by 2020 70% by 2025
  28. 28. • Industrial Internet • Advanced IT and communication sector is advantage • Advanced Manufacturing National Program of the US Department of Commerce USA
  29. 29. FINLAND • Silicon Valley of: Industry 4.0 • Internet in manufacturing: 44% • Employment in high-tech 8%
  30. 30. WHAT@TURKEY
  31. 31. TODAY • Between 2.0-3.0 • Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology meeting on Dec. 09, 2015 • Workshop on Jan. 16-17, 2016 • Science and Technology High Council’s decision on Feb. 23, 2016 • Government: “Ready for I 4.0” in Autumn 2016 Photograph Source : http://fotogaleri.egebirlik.org.tr
  32. 32. WWW. ENDUSTRI40 .COM • Turkey’s Platform for: • Information • Discussion • Library • Events • Best Practice • Know-how exchange • Come and be a partner
  33. 33. TOMORROW • Industry 4.0 Turkey Platform • Industry 4.0 Country Strategy • Eurasia Hub of Manufacturing • From “technology user“ to “innovator” • Middle Income Trap
  34. 34. WHAT@NEXT
  35. 35. INVESTMENT • Germany: € 40 B Europe: € 140 B p.a till 2020 • 3.3 % of sales Source : pwc
  36. 36. REVENUE GROWTH • New complex products • New customized products • Growth of 2-3% sales • Germany : € 30 B Europe : € 110 B p.a Source : pwc
  37. 37. EMPLOYMENT • 6% increase • Highly skilled people needed • IT and Mechatronics experts replacing low skilled laborers Source : BCG
  38. 38. GOVERNMENTS • Establish a Country Platform • Workout, approve and launch Country Strategy • Review school curricula, university programs • Incentivize R&D programs, high-tech manufacturing • Provide a good technology infrastructure Photograph Source : https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/develop/owa/tbmm_internet.anasayfa
  39. 39. RESEARCHERS • Work on int’l standards • Focus on university – industry collaboration models • Mentoring students about cross discipline studies like mechatronics
  40. 40. TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIERS • Concentrate on future-tech • Inform about Industry 4.0 • Collaborate with each other • Implement new business models, organizational structures fit to digital world
  41. 41. MANUFACTURERS • Need to fully understand customer requirements • Develop a strategy for technological improvement • Implement new business models, organizational structures fit to digital world 35
  42. 42. WHAT@BEYOND
  43. 43. OPEN • Open Innovation • Open Design • Open Software • Open Hardware • Open Organization • Open Production • Open Capital
  44. 44. MAKERS MOVEMENT • At home • Ingeneunity, Sharing, Self Learning • Production instead consuming • Self proto-typing
  45. 45. ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING • 3D scanning and 3D printing • First 3D printer borned in 2015 • Skull and vane already in use • 10 houses in 3 days • Siemens TR & Darüşşafaka Robots Club - 2015 NASA Award
  46. 46. DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION • Today cars: 5 % at work Google car: 95 % • Robots are producing robots
  47. 47. LIGHT OUT FACTORIES • Highly automated robots • No need for light, food etc. • Somewhere in desert • Controlled remotely
  48. 48. LET’S GET READY FOR THEM NOW!
  49. 49. THANK YOU...

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