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silent features of organic f

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silent features of organic f

  1. 1. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE <ul><li>BY </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.P.Bhattacharyya </li></ul><ul><li>Director, NCOF, Ghaziabad </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Commissioner (INM) </li></ul><ul><li>DAC, Krishi Bhawan </li></ul><ul><li>New Delhi </li></ul>
  2. 2. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE <ul><li>Holistic production system, harmony with nature, Avoids chemical fertiliser, pesticides etc. </li></ul><ul><li>PURPOSE </li></ul><ul><li>Good soil, good food, good health, good environment, good business </li></ul><ul><li>Movement from Farmers, NGOs etc. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ORGANIC STATUS <ul><li>Global : 24 mha (1.6% Ag. Area) </li></ul><ul><li>: Nearly 130 countries produce organic product, Australia (10 mha) – lead country </li></ul><ul><li>Indian : 37000-41000 ha (SOEL survey), (0.3% of Ag. Area) </li></ul><ul><li>: 2.50 million ha (APEDA) </li></ul><ul><li> (Including 2.43 mha of forest area with wild herb & medicinal plants </li></ul>
  4. 4. Main ISSUES <ul><li>Standard </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection, Certification, Accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><li>Market (Export/Domestic) </li></ul>
  5. 5. STANDARD <ul><li>: Globally 61 standards available </li></ul><ul><li>: Important Standard includes – IFOAM, CODEX, EU, Demeter, JAS, Naturland etc. </li></ul><ul><li>: National Standard in India under NPOP (2002) (General Principle, Recommendation, Standard, list (permitted/non-permitted) </li></ul><ul><li>: Mainly “process” Standard, cover – cultivation, Fertilisation, Pest/Disease management </li></ul><ul><li>: recently under review; Efforts for harmony with EU regulation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. CERTIFICATION Agencies in India <ul><li>11 Nos. </li></ul><ul><li>Ecocert (G) (Aurangabad), Skal (N) (Bangalore), IMO (S) (Bangalore), SGS (S) (Gurgaon), Naturland (G) (Gurgaon), Lacon (G) (Cochin), Indocert (S) (Cochin), APOF (Bangalore), ISCOP (Coimbatore), IRFT (Mumbai), Bioinspectra (S) (Cochin) </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory for export market </li></ul><ul><li>ACREDITATION </li></ul><ul><li>: Earlier 6 agencies: APEDA, Spice Board, Coffee Board, Coconut Board, Tea Board, Cashew nut Board </li></ul><ul><li>: Now one body : National Accreditation Board (APEDA, other Commodity Board and Ministry of Agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Limitation : i) Inspection performance not always good </li></ul><ul><li> ii) Certification cost is high </li></ul>
  7. 7. Organic Input <ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Live stock = 2.47 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>Crop residues = 2.00 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>Biogas slurry = 0.12 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>Biofertiliser = 0.20 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>Green manure = 0.10 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>City refuse = 0.68 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>Others = 1.00 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>(Rural compost, Vermicompost, = 6.57 million ton </li></ul><ul><li> Ag. Waste) </li></ul><ul><li>Total = 7.0 million ton </li></ul><ul><li>Biopesticide = 1000 ton </li></ul><ul><li>Constraint: (a) No regulatory mechanism </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Response always not satisfactory. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>31 organic products currently exported </li></ul><ul><li>No. of exporters = 69 </li></ul><ul><li>Organic value (2003) estimated </li></ul><ul><li>= US $ 15.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>(710 million Indian Rupees) </li></ul>Global Market (Export) Current market =26 BN US$ Annual Growth =15-20% USA =11-13 BN US $ Japan =350-450 MN US $ Europe =10-11 BN US $
  9. 9. Market Organic (Export) 2004 Export Product Basmati rice, cotton, Mangopulp, Cashew nut, Sesame, Piniapple pulp, Honey, Walnut, spices, coffee, Tea, Peanut canned. APEDA, Metric ton 6472 = India Total Metric ton 375 = Maharashtra Metric ton 521 = Himachal Pradesh Metric ton 541 = Punjab Metric ton 471 = Tamil Nadu Metric ton 476 = Karnataka Metric ton 937 = West Bengal Metric ton 1232 = Kerala
  10. 10. Future Export Demand Exported to : Europe : Netherland, UK, Germany, Belgium, Sweeden, Switzerland, France, Italy, Spain America : USA, Canada Middle East : Saudi Arabia, UAE Asia : Japan, Singapore (Source Org. Marg = 2002) [In 2002, from a total food production over 200 million ton, India produced only 14000 ton of organic food produces] 21523 ton 2006-07 19080 ton 2005-06 16930 ton 2004-05 15050 ton 2003-04
  11. 11. THANK YOU EAT ORGANIC LIVE ORGANIC DREAM ORGANIC

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