   Expresses the main idea of the paragraph   Usually states a definite opinion or attitude   Gives the reader a clear ...
   it is complete sentence; that is, it contains a subject,    a verb and (usually) a complement.The following are not co...
    It contains both a topic and a controlling idea. It     names the topic and then limits the topic to a     specific a...
(topic)     Gold, a precious metal, is prized for        two important characteristics.               (controlling idea)...
   It gives only the main idea; therefore, it is most    general statement in the paragraph. It does not give    any spec...
   Hurricanes, which are also called cyclones, exert    tremendous power. These violent storms are often a    hundred mil...
Albert Einstein, one of the world’s geniuses, failedhis university entrance examinations on his firstattempt. William Faul...
   Synonyms, words that have the same basic    meaning, do not always have the same emotional    meaning. For example, th...
Some suggestions for writing strong                 topic sentence A good topic sentence usually states an  opinion or at...
   A good TS is specific enough to be clear and    interestingGood TS : Harjum enjoys being in politics.Weak TS : Harjum ...
   A good TS gives a definite direction to a paragraph.Weak TS : The students council met for the     first time Monday (...
To make a good paragraph consists of three    Important parts:   A topic sentence   Supporting sentences   A concluding...
    make possible topic sentences and develop them into     one paragraph from these topic. Choose one of them:2.   My Fa...
topic sentence
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topic sentence

  1. 1.  Expresses the main idea of the paragraph Usually states a definite opinion or attitude Gives the reader a clear understanding what paragraph is Often found in the 1st sentence or near the beginning of a paragraph. However, it can be sometime found at the end of paragraph or somewhere within the paragraph.
  2. 2.  it is complete sentence; that is, it contains a subject, a verb and (usually) a complement.The following are not complete sentences.3. Driving on freeways4. The importance of gold5. How to register for college classes
  3. 3.  It contains both a topic and a controlling idea. It names the topic and then limits the topic to a specific area to be discussed in the space of a single paragraph.3. Driving on freeways requires skill and alertness.4. Gold is prized for two important characteristics.5. Registering for college classes can be a frustating experience for new students.
  4. 4. (topic) Gold, a precious metal, is prized for two important characteristics. (controlling idea) The weather in March was unpredictable. Freddy is very shy. Hurricanes, which are also called cyclones, exert tremendous power.
  5. 5.  It gives only the main idea; therefore, it is most general statement in the paragraph. It does not give any specific details. This is an example of a general statement that could serve as a topic sentence. The Arabic origin of many English words is not always obvious This sentence is too specific to serve as a topic sent. The slang expression “so long” (meaning goodbye) is probably a corruption of the Arabic “salaam.”
  6. 6.  Hurricanes, which are also called cyclones, exert tremendous power. These violent storms are often a hundred miles in diameter and their winds can reach velocities of seventy-five miles per hour or more. Furthermore, the strong winds and heavy rainfall that accompany them can completely destroy a small town in a couple of hours. The energy, that is released by a hurricane in one day exceeds the total energy consumed by human kind throughout the world in one year. *speeds
  7. 7. Albert Einstein, one of the world’s geniuses, failedhis university entrance examinations on his firstattempt. William Faulkner, one of America’s notedwriters, never finished college because he could notpass his English courses. Sir Winston Churchill,who is considered one of the masters of the Englishlanguage, had to have special tutoring in englishduring elementary school. These few examples showthat failure in school does not always predictfailure in life.
  8. 8.  Synonyms, words that have the same basic meaning, do not always have the same emotional meaning. For example, the words “stingy” and “frugal” both mean “careful with money.” however, to call a person stingy is an insult, while the word frugal has a much more positive connotation. Similarly, a person wants to be slender but not skinny, and aggressive, but not pushy. Therefore, you should be careful in choosing words because many so-called synonyms are not really synonymous at all. *implied meaning
  9. 9. Some suggestions for writing strong topic sentence A good topic sentence usually states an opinion or attitude that can be supported by details and examples.TS : The weather is miserable todaySupport : 105 degree temperature high humidity no breeze bad pollution
  10. 10.  A good TS is specific enough to be clear and interestingGood TS : Harjum enjoys being in politics.Weak TS : Harjum works in politics.Good TS : S college is having financial problem.Weak TS : A college in town is having some problems.
  11. 11.  A good TS gives a definite direction to a paragraph.Weak TS : The students council met for the first time Monday (no direction).Better TS : The first student council meeting on Monday was interesting (direction given describing the “interesting” meeting).
  12. 12. To make a good paragraph consists of three Important parts: A topic sentence Supporting sentences A concluding sentencet Two additional elements in a good paragraph : unity and coherence
  13. 13.  make possible topic sentences and develop them into one paragraph from these topic. Choose one of them:2. My Favorite food3. Traveling4. Growing older5. My idol *Believe to yourself*

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