Past simple tense

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Past simple tense

  1. 1. UNIT 2 – PAST SIMPLE
  2. 2. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE) ¿Cómo contamos una historia ? Debemos conjugar los verbos en el tiempo pasado. Veamos entonces los tipos de verbos que existen y cómo los conjugamos.
  3. 3. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVAHay dos grandes tipos de verbos en Inglés: Verbos regulares -> regular verbs Verbos irregulares -> irregular verbs
  4. 4. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVAREGULAR VERBS: Estos verbos siguen la siguiente regla: Agregamos d/ed/ied al infinitivo: work – worked like - liked copy - copied
  5. 5. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVAEXAMPLES We worked in class last week. Paola liked the cake. Mario copied the lesson.
  6. 6. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVAIRREGULAR VERBSNo siguen una regla, debemos consultar el listado de verbos irregulares. go – went write – wrote sing - sang
  7. 7. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVAEXAMPLES We went to the cinema last weekend. Pablo Neruda wrote many poems. Michael Jackson sang pop music.
  8. 8. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA NEGATIVAPara escribir en la forma negativa usamos la siguiente estructura: verbo auxiliar DID + not + verbo principal * el pasado del verbo DO(* Con verbos regulares e irregulares )
  9. 9. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA NEGATIVA Did not =EXAMPLES didn’t*Regular verbs: We did not (didn’t) work in class. Paola did not (didn’t) like the cake. Mario did not (didn’t )copy the lesson.
  10. 10. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA NEGATIVAEXAMPLES Did not = didn’t*Irregular verbs:We did not (didn’t) go to the theatre last weekend.Pablo Neruda did not (didn’t) write songs.Michael Jackson did not (didn’t) sing tango.
  11. 11. NOTE: MICHAEL JACKSON DIDN’T DANCE TANGO. HE DANCED POP MUSIC.
  12. 12. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVA Hay dos tipos de preguntas: Yes / No questions -> para afirmar o negar Wh-questions -> para solicitar información
  13. 13. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVA Yes- no questions:Seguimos la estructura siguiente:Verbo auxiliar did + sujeto + verbo principal(+ resto)?Y contestamos así: Yes, (Pronoun) did No, (Pronoun) did not (didn’t)
  14. 14. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVAExamples : Did you like music? Yes, I did No, I didn’t Did The Beatles sing? Yes, they did Did we study hard? Yes, we did No, we didn’t
  15. 15. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVA Wh-questions: What did you do? I listened to music. Where did you go? I went to the park. When did you watch TV? In the afternoon.
  16. 16. PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)Recuerda :El verbo siempre va en infinitivo cuando está el auxiliar
  17. 17. EXERCISESSay and write the verb in the correct form:1. I ... (walk) home.2. We ....(study) the lesson.3. She .... (listen) to music.4. They .... (paint) the room.5. He .... (live) in Paris.
  18. 18. EXERCISESo Say and write the negative forms: 1. He liked pizza and chips. 2. She drank a coke in class. 3. I got up at 9 p.m. 4. They went to the cinema last night. 5. The girl spoke English.
  19. 19. EXERCISES Answer the questions: 1. Did you have lunch? 2. Did you work today? 3. Where did you study? 4. What time did you get up? 5. When did you play computer games?
  20. 20. PAST SIMPLE TENSE - VERB TO BE El verbo ser / estar es un verbo Irregular. No necesita auxiliares. El pasado simple tiene dos formas. Usamos una u otra forma según el pronombre: I – HE – SHE ------ WAS WE – YOU – THEY ----- WERE
  21. 21. PAST SIMPLE TENSE - VERB TO BE
  22. 22. EXAMPLES
  23. 23. . Bill Clinton was a President. The Bee Gees were famous.
  24. 24. Material preparado por: Alicia Ocampo Prof. en Inglés Año 2012

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