The English in North America<br />By: Alicia Willes<br />History 140 <br />Online<br />
American Colonies 6 - Virginia<br />The English Queen lacked the means to finance and govern an overseas colony, especiall...
American Colonies 6 - Virginia<br />The Indians faced the formidable fury of their uninvited guests. <br />Most English fo...
 In 1607 the English tried again at Chesapeake Bay, which offered better harbor, navigable rivers and more fertile land. <...
American Colonies 8 – New England<br />Puritans were seeking a place where they could practice their religion and get away...
American Colonies 8 – New England<br />The Puritans believed that it was their duty to build a model society in America th...
American Colonies 8 – New England<br />The English expected all adults to marry and divide the various duties into male an...
American Colonies 9 – Puritans and Indians<br />The first skirmish that occurred between the Puritans and Indians happened...
American Colonies 9 – Puritans and Indians<br />The bloodiest war between the Indians and Puritans happened in 1675.It was...
American Colonies 9 – Puritans and Indians<br />The colonists were shocked about the amount of land and food supply in New...
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Alicia theme 4 part 2

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Alicia theme 4 part 2

  1. 1. The English in North America<br />By: Alicia Willes<br />History 140 <br />Online<br />
  2. 2. American Colonies 6 - Virginia<br />The English Queen lacked the means to finance and govern an overseas colony, especially after a full-scale war erupted with Spain in 1585.<br />16th century England concentrated wealth and power at the narrow top of the steep social pyramid, in the hands of a monarch , an aristocracy, and a lesser aristocracy known as the gentry. <br />London grew from 120,000 people in 1550 to 200,000 in 1600 and 375,000 in 1650.<br />
  3. 3. American Colonies 6 - Virginia<br />The Indians faced the formidable fury of their uninvited guests. <br />Most English folk, 80%, lived in country villages and tended livestock or cultivated grains.<br />The English in Ireland learned to consider the resisting peoples as dirty, lazy and so on. <br /><ul><li>In 1585, Sir Walter Ralegh sent about one hundred colonists, all of them men, across the Atlantic to settle on Roanoke.
  4. 4. In 1607 the English tried again at Chesapeake Bay, which offered better harbor, navigable rivers and more fertile land. </li></li></ul><li>American Colonies 6 - Virginia<br />Tobacco was a good that everyone wanted. It was highly priced and was well worth the colonists wait. <br />1616, the Virginia Company had transported more than 1700 people to the Chesapeake and spent well over 50 Euros.<br />During the 1620s, tobacco sold in England for about five to ten times as much as it cost to produce in the Chesapeake.<br />As tobacco cultivation expanded and the population grew, the planters needed more land, which they obtained at the Indian’s expense.<br />
  5. 5. American Colonies 8 – New England<br />Puritans were seeking a place where they could practice their religion and get away from the sinners<br />The first Puritan emigrants crossed the Atlantic Ocean in the Mayflower and landed in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620<br />The first settlement consisted of 102 colonists<br />By 1630, 1,500 people lived in the Plymouth colony<br />The colonists had an easier time getting themselves into a place where food was adequate than those that settled in other English colonies.<br />The colonists had an easier time getting themselves into a place where food was adequate than those that settled in other English colonies.<br />The Puritans started having disagreements over rules and how to run the colony.<br />During the 1630’s and 1640’s the colonists started to expand into the interior and started forming new colonies.<br />Southeastern New England became home to radical Puritan’s who felt that the rules had become too strict.<br />Puritan’s that found Massachusetts too easy on the rules founded Connecticut and New Haven.<br />Most of the Puritans were of the middle class who were hard workers who hoped to purify their church and bring about law and order with rules from the bible.<br />
  6. 6. American Colonies 8 – New England<br />The Puritans believed that it was their duty to build a model society in America that properly worshipped God.<br />Any struggle was considered to be a punishment from God for somehow disappointing him.<br />They stressed that all people were literate and therefore were able to read the bible and other religious texts.<br />In 1650, there was one minister to every 415 persons compared to one per every 3,239 in Virginia.<br />In order to educate orthodox Puritan ministers, Harvard College was founded in Massachusetts in 1636.The Puritans felt that it was the job of the government to punish sinners<br />Unfortunately, they were not able to keep their community free from “sinners” that came from the outside.<br />Religious heretics were convicted and exiled.<br />Colonists started to have disagreements over the interpretation of the bible and the way New England should be run<br />The Puritans continued to prosecute witches past 1650 when the practice had mostly stopped in England.<br />Up until 1692, New England prosecuted 92 people of witchcraft and executed sixteen.<br />The Salem Witch Trials in 1692 saw the accusation of hundreds of people and the execution of 19 people.<br />
  7. 7. American Colonies 8 – New England<br />The English expected all adults to marry and divide the various duties into male and female responsibilities.<br />The men did the hardest work-clearing lands, construction, tending to the crops-while women kept the home running-gardening, childrearing, preserving food.<br />The New English had a better understanding of marriage than back in the home country.<br />People were allowed to court and then ask their parents to approve to their marriage.<br />Parents didn’t dictate who their children should marry, but they did have the power to veto if they felt that it wasn’t a good arrangement.<br />In New England as in England, women were weren’t able to own land, vote, or hold office (unless an unmarried widow)<br />New English law expected the men to be kind and generous to their partner<br />.Compared to the old country women could obtain a divorce easier.<br />Puritanism considered men and women to be equal in spirituality, with women enjoying a little superiority to men.<br />The men weren’t allowed to be in the birthing chamber with their wives-instead the neighboring women and friends were there to help.<br />Women had an informal influence on the reputations of men in the community, with women often being called to testify in court.<br />
  8. 8. American Colonies 9 – Puritans and Indians<br />The first skirmish that occurred between the Puritans and Indians happened in 1636.Colonials leaders told the Pequot they had to pay a tribute in wampum, give up several kids as hostages, and surrender captured colonists.<br />The Pequot’s refused, which caused the colonies of Connecticut, Plymouth, and Massachusetts to declare war.<br />The colonies were able to persuade the tribes of Narragansett and Mohegan to fight against the Pequot also.<br />In May of 1637 a Pequot village in the Mystic River Valley was attacked.<br />The village contained mostly women, children, and old men which the colonists and other Indians set on fire, killing all but five of the 400 inhabitants.<br />The Indian allies of the colonists were shocked at the brutality of the attack.<br />The New English felt justified in the killings despite criticism from Puritans in England.<br />The victory was seen as proof that God had found them worthy.<br />The rest of 1637 saw the killing or capture of the rest of the Pequot tribe.<br />An attempt at uniting all of the area tribes by chief of the Narragansett failed and ended in his capture and death.<br />
  9. 9. American Colonies 9 – Puritans and Indians<br />The bloodiest war between the Indians and Puritans happened in 1675.It was named after the Wampanoag chief known to the New English as King Philip.<br />The Wampanoag attacked the colonists after the executions of three Indians that had killed a praying town Indian.<br />The Indian victories over small colonial homesteads caused other bands of Indians with their own problems with the colonists to attack.<br />The Puritans then attacked neutral bands, such as the Narragansett, who were the largest and most powerful Indians in the regions.<br />Both sides used muskets as the primary weapons.<br />Using the lessons the natives had learned from the Puritans, they decimated entire families and completely destroyed all symbols of the English civilization.<br />The colonists felt it was their duty to God to kill all Indians, including ones that converted and lived in praying towns.<br />The colonists were able to ally with the Pequot and Mohegan making this a civil war.<br />The allied Indians turned the tide in the war, teaching the colonists how to attack on the Indians terms<br />In 1676, the rebellion collapsed as a result of starvation and lack of ammunition on the Indians part.<br />The war devastated both the settlements and Indian villages.<br />The English lost about 1,000 colonists, while the Indians lost 3,000 people, almost a third of their population.<br />
  10. 10. American Colonies 9 – Puritans and Indians<br />The colonists were shocked about the amount of land and food supply in New England.<br />They felt like God had given them this land as a reward for their pious behavior.<br />The New English felt that it was their duty to punish the “lazy” natives.<br />They decided that it was their right to decide the amount of land that the Indians needed, which got smaller in every passing year.<br />The colonists offered goods in trade for tracts of land from the Indians…the colonists felt they then owned the land, the natives thought they were sharing the land.<br />The colonists often punished the natives for trespassing.<br />When the Indians retaliated, the colonists felt that they were the victims.<br />The natives couldn’t believe how fast the colonists cleared the land to provide area for their livestock.<br />The livestock often ate the crops of the Indians.<br />As the colonists built permanent buildings, they made it less recognizable to the Indians.<br />The habitat for the wild animals and plants became smaller and smaller.<br />

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