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1    Food photos on this slide courtesy of NCI, Renee Comet, photographer
Alice Henneman, MS, RD    ahenneman1@unl.edu                        http://food.unl.edu              UNL Extension in Lanc...
Calorie:    ―Basic measure of     the amount of     rationalization     offered by the     average     individual prior to...
Spending your ―calorie salary‖                     Think of MyPlate                     as a ―calorie                     ...
Spending your ―calorie salary‖    Plan calories    the same as    major    expenses —    such as a car,    house, or    va...
Or, you may have trouble ahead!
Spending your ―calorie salary‖7
4 budgeting        $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for your calorie   salary3. Consider th...
4 budgeting       $teps1. Stay within your calorie   budget2. Choose the most value for calorie salary3. Consider the ―tru...
Build your foundation first!After you have a―foundation‖ builtaround MyPlate, ifyou have caloriesto spare in yourcalorie b...
Beware the cost of extra calories11
Example of 100 calories         2 tablespoons of sugar,12          jelly, jam, or syrup
―It would be far      easier to lose      weight      permanently if      replacement parts      weren’t so handy      in ...
Example of 100 calories1 tablespoonbutter ormargarine  Photo courtesy National Cancer Institute / Renee Comet, Photographer
Example of 100 calories       10     large      jelly     beans15
Example of 100 calories     ⅓ large (4-inch diameter) doughnut16
Example of 100 calories                  ⅔ can of a                  regular soft                  drink17
The Latte Factor.®     David Bach, author of     The Automatic     Millionaire, popularized     the term Latte Factor® to ...
®             The Latte Factor     Over several     years, you can     save thousands of     dollars!     When you save   ...
Balance food calories     with physical activity level20
Recommended minimum levelsof physical activity weekly: Adults• 2 hours and 30 minutes  of moderate-intensive  activity wee...
Recommended minimum levelsof physical activity: 6-17 years                      60 minutes                      daily of  ...
Recommended minimum levelsof physical activity: 2-5 yearsNo specificrecommendationother than toplay activelyseveral timese...
Moderate     aerobic     activity     moderately     increases     heart rate     and     breathing24
Vigorous     aerobic     activity     greatly     increases     heart rate     and     breathing25
Short on time?        Get      active        for        10     minutes        3      times      a day26
NOT a solution!     ―Whenever I feel      the need to      exercise, I lie      down until it      goes away.‖     ~ Rober...
Raise your hand for each activity that fits your   lifestyle …11 ways to get physically active             without going t...
Ways to increase physical activity                       Walk up and                       down the                       ...
Ways to increase physical activity      Replace a     coffee break     with a brisk         walk30
31
Ways to increase physical activity        Use a      restroom       further     away from     your office32
Ways to increase physical activity       Take a     brisk walk       around      the mall      BEFORE     you shop33
Ways to increase physical activity      Use the stairs       as much as       possible …       even if you       don’t nee...
―A man’s health can be judged by which he takes two at a time — pills or stairs.‖       ~Joan Welsh
Ways to increase physical activity                            Stand while                             you’re on           ...
Ways to increase physical activity       Walk while         waiting     for your plane37
Ways to increase physical activity     Get off the bus      or out of your      car a distance        from your     destin...
Ways to increase physical activity        Use your         exercise        bicycle or     treadmill while       watching T...
Ways to increase physical activity        Speed         clean         your        house!40
Choose      shoes that       promote       walking       (at least     some of the        time!)41
Take me for a      walk … don’t     just watch me          walk!42
Most important — have fun        while being active!43
And … don’t go to extremes unless       you know what you’re doing!!!44
4 budgeting        $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for   calorie salary3. Consider the ―tr...
Get the most for your ―calorie salary‖46   by eating more ―nutrient-dense‖ foods
Nutrient-dense foods provide vitamins,     minerals, and other beneficial substances while     being relatively low in cal...
Nutrient-dense foods retain naturally        occurring components, such as dietary fiber     Photo courtesy of National Ca...
All vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seafood,     eggs, beans and peas, unsalted nuts and     seeds, fat-free and low-fat...
Nutrient-dense vs.            not nutrient-dense     300     250     200     150                                  246     ...
Nutrient-dense vs.           not nutrient-dense     200     150     100                            246                138 ...
Nutrient-dense vs.             not nutrient-dense     250     200     150                                          236    ...
Switching to fat-free or low-fat (1%)          milk makes a difference!       Whole       2%         1%        Fat-free   ...
At least half     your grains     should be     whole grains54
Bran     Whole                 Endosperm     grains     contain the     entire grain     seed or     ―kernel‖             ...
Can you guess: Which bread     is highest in WHOLE grains?     A. INGREDIENTS: wheat     flour, water, high fructose corn ...
Can you guess: Which bread     is highest in WHOLE grains?     A. INGREDIENTS: wheat     flour, water, high fructose corn ...
Overall dietary pattern is important58             Photo courtesy of USDAgov on flickr
Example: Importance of total diet     The ―Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension‖     (DASH Eating Plan) clinical study ...
―For optimum      health,      scientists say      eat a rainbow of      colors. Your      plate should      look like a b...
Pick a variety of vegetables from        each vegetable subgroup61
No single ―SUPER‖ food                   Many                   interactions                   occur among                ...
Supplements vs. Food     Foods may contain     additional substances     and provide benefits     not available from     f...
If science     could create     a pill that     gave us all     the vitamins     and minerals     we need, the     only pr...
Swallowing it!65
4 budgeting        $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for calorie salary3. Consider the ―true...
Foods thatdo little to meetnutrient needs —even if they’rewithin our caloriesalary — can putour HEALTH andMONEY at risk
If you cared for your car like you do      your body, would it look like this?68
Plus … you can replace a car with a   new model … unlike your body!69
―Today in the United States,  chronic diseases account for  70% of deaths, limit the  activities of tens of millions  more...
―We also know that the  burden of chronic  disease is growing in  large part because of  our lifestyles — the  choices we ...
―Healthy eating is      associated with reduced      risk for many diseases,      including several of the      leading ca...
―The Dietary Guidelines for      Americans recommend a      diet rich in fruits and      vegetables,      whole grains, an...
Healthy diets     may help     reduce or     eliminate the     need for, and     cost of,     medications     for some    ...
Average cost of medications/month High cholesterol     (cost of statins, a type       of drug that helps       lower chole...
Average cost of medications/month            Type 2           Diabetes      $15 to $505     U.S. National Library of Medic...
Pills vs. Food: You WON’T see these        drug side effects listed on food • Dizziness • Nausea • Blurred vision • Muscle...
And … food tastes better than pills!78
Do you want to swallow this?79
Or … do you want to swallow this?80             Photo courtesy of The Beef Checkoff
―Adam and Eve      ate the first      vitamins,      including the      package.‖     ~E.R. Squibb81
4 budgeting       $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Consider the ―true cost‖ of poor nutrition3. Choose the most v...
As you ―budget,‖ choose foods     for good taste as well as health!                      ―What some call                  ...
Fine-tune what you’re already eating to meet MyPlate recommendations84
Situation 1     Your diet is fairly     healthy, but your     healthcare     professional says     it would help your     ...
Situation 1: Fine-tune     Eat smaller portions and put on smaller        plates so the portions look larger86
Situation 1: Fine-tune         Add extra         physical         activity to         your dayImage courtesy of Centers fo...
Situation 2     Fruit and     vegetable     intake is     low.     How do you     fine-tune     your intake     to increas...
Situation 2: Fine-tune     • Eat larger servings     • Snack on them     • Toss into salads     • Serve them with dips    ...
Situation 3             Less than half of             your grain group             servings are             whole grain.  ...
Situation 3: Fine-tune                   Look for whole                   grain forms of                   grains you’re  ...
Situation 4     There is a lack     of variety in     your fruits and     vegetables.     How do you     fine-tune your   ...
Situation 4: Fine-tune     • Buy frozen mixed       vegetables and       fruits     • Commit to trying       one new fruit...
Raise your hand if your fruits &      vegetables this week included …     • 5 colors     • 4 colors     • 3 colors     • 2...
Final thoughts …―Our health always seems much more valuable after we lose it.‖            ~Author unknown
Final thoughts …―Money is the most envied, but the least enjoyed. Health is the most enjoyed but     the least envied.‖ ~C...
Final thoughts …     ―Take care of your body. It’s the only97         place you have to live.‖ ~Jim Rohn
Final thoughts …―The greatest wealth is health.‖ ~Virgil
―Thank you‖ to the following people     (in alphabetical order)   for reviewing these slides!        • Lisa Franzen-Castle...
References      •   Choose MyPlate at http://ChooseMyPlate.gov      •   Dash Diet at          http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hea...
If you’re viewing this PowerPoint online, please      click below and tell us how you liked it.http://food.unl.edu/web/fnh...
Extension is a Division of the Institute of Agriculture and      Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln  ...
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How Should You Spend Your Calorie Salary?

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Are you spending your "calorie salary" wisely? 4 "budgeting" tips to get the most value for your money & health. More resources, recipes, & tips at http://food.unl.edu

How Should You Spend Your Calorie Salary?

  1. 1. 1 Food photos on this slide courtesy of NCI, Renee Comet, photographer
  2. 2. Alice Henneman, MS, RD ahenneman1@unl.edu http://food.unl.edu UNL Extension in Lancaster County Save Time – Do More with our FREE educational resources: http://food.unl.edu/web/fnh/educational-resources This is a peer reviewed publication • February, 2012 Adapted and updated from an earlier “Spending Your Calorie Salary” by2 Alice Henneman and Bev Benes
  3. 3. Calorie: ―Basic measure of the amount of rationalization offered by the average individual prior to taking a second helping of a particular food.‖ ~Author unknown3
  4. 4. Spending your ―calorie salary‖ Think of MyPlate as a ―calorie salary‖ guide that helps you get the most health and enjoyment from what you eat4
  5. 5. Spending your ―calorie salary‖ Plan calories the same as major expenses — such as a car, house, or vacation5
  6. 6. Or, you may have trouble ahead!
  7. 7. Spending your ―calorie salary‖7
  8. 8. 4 budgeting $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for your calorie salary3. Consider the ―true cost‖ of poor nutrition4. Plan a budget for YOU
  9. 9. 4 budgeting $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for calorie salary3. Consider the ―true cost‖ of poor nutrition4. Plan a budget for YOU
  10. 10. Build your foundation first!After you have a―foundation‖ builtaround MyPlate, ifyou have caloriesto spare in yourcalorie budget, thenyou can spendsome on extras
  11. 11. Beware the cost of extra calories11
  12. 12. Example of 100 calories 2 tablespoons of sugar,12 jelly, jam, or syrup
  13. 13. ―It would be far easier to lose weight permanently if replacement parts weren’t so handy in the refrigerator.‖ ~Hugh Allen13
  14. 14. Example of 100 calories1 tablespoonbutter ormargarine Photo courtesy National Cancer Institute / Renee Comet, Photographer
  15. 15. Example of 100 calories 10 large jelly beans15
  16. 16. Example of 100 calories ⅓ large (4-inch diameter) doughnut16
  17. 17. Example of 100 calories ⅔ can of a regular soft drink17
  18. 18. The Latte Factor.® David Bach, author of The Automatic Millionaire, popularized the term Latte Factor® to demonstrate the power of saving a few dollars daily by forgoing unnecessary purchases18
  19. 19. ® The Latte Factor Over several years, you can save thousands of dollars! When you save by forgoing unnecessary food, you also save calories!19
  20. 20. Balance food calories with physical activity level20
  21. 21. Recommended minimum levelsof physical activity weekly: Adults• 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensive activity weekly (i.e. 30 minutes, 5 times/week)• 1 hour and 15 minutes of vigorous-intensity activity weekly (i.e. 15 minutes, 5 times/week)
  22. 22. Recommended minimum levelsof physical activity: 6-17 years 60 minutes daily of moderate and vigorous activity
  23. 23. Recommended minimum levelsof physical activity: 2-5 yearsNo specificrecommendationother than toplay activelyseveral timeseach day
  24. 24. Moderate aerobic activity moderately increases heart rate and breathing24
  25. 25. Vigorous aerobic activity greatly increases heart rate and breathing25
  26. 26. Short on time? Get active for 10 minutes 3 times a day26
  27. 27. NOT a solution! ―Whenever I feel the need to exercise, I lie down until it goes away.‖ ~ Robert Maynard Hutchins27
  28. 28. Raise your hand for each activity that fits your lifestyle …11 ways to get physically active without going to the gym28
  29. 29. Ways to increase physical activity Walk up and down the soccer or softball field sidelines while watching the kids play29
  30. 30. Ways to increase physical activity Replace a coffee break with a brisk walk30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. Ways to increase physical activity Use a restroom further away from your office32
  33. 33. Ways to increase physical activity Take a brisk walk around the mall BEFORE you shop33
  34. 34. Ways to increase physical activity Use the stairs as much as possible … even if you don’t need anything upstairs or downstairs!34
  35. 35. ―A man’s health can be judged by which he takes two at a time — pills or stairs.‖ ~Joan Welsh
  36. 36. Ways to increase physical activity Stand while you’re on the phone36
  37. 37. Ways to increase physical activity Walk while waiting for your plane37
  38. 38. Ways to increase physical activity Get off the bus or out of your car a distance from your destination and walk the rest of the way38
  39. 39. Ways to increase physical activity Use your exercise bicycle or treadmill while watching TV39
  40. 40. Ways to increase physical activity Speed clean your house!40
  41. 41. Choose shoes that promote walking (at least some of the time!)41
  42. 42. Take me for a walk … don’t just watch me walk!42
  43. 43. Most important — have fun while being active!43
  44. 44. And … don’t go to extremes unless you know what you’re doing!!!44
  45. 45. 4 budgeting $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for calorie salary3. Consider the ―true cost‖ of poor nutrition4. Plan a budget for YOU
  46. 46. Get the most for your ―calorie salary‖46 by eating more ―nutrient-dense‖ foods
  47. 47. Nutrient-dense foods provide vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial substances while being relatively low in calories, and without solid fats (in or added to the food) and without added sugars, refined starches, or sodium “Dietary Guidelines, 2010 at a Glance “PowerPoint, USDA CNPP47
  48. 48. Nutrient-dense foods retain naturally occurring components, such as dietary fiber Photo courtesy of National Cancer48 Institute, photographer unknown
  49. 49. All vegetables, fruits, whole grains, seafood, eggs, beans and peas, unsalted nuts and seeds, fat-free and low-fat dairy, and lean meats and poultry are nutrient-dense when prepared without solid fats or sugars49
  50. 50. Nutrient-dense vs. not nutrient-dense 300 250 200 150 246 100 138 calories 50 calories 0 Baked chicken breast Breaded fried chicken strips50 Nutrient-dense Not nutrient-dense
  51. 51. Nutrient-dense vs. not nutrient-dense 200 150 100 246 138 calories 50 calories 0 Unsweetened Sweetened applesauce applesauce51 Nutrient-dense Not nutrient-dense
  52. 52. Nutrient-dense vs. not nutrient-dense 250 200 150 236 100 184 calories calories 50 0 90% lean ground beef 75% lean ground beef patty patty52 Nutrient-dense Not nutrient-dense
  53. 53. Switching to fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk makes a difference! Whole 2% 1% Fat-free 165 125 100 85 calories calories calories calories Calories 40 65 8053 saved
  54. 54. At least half your grains should be whole grains54
  55. 55. Bran Whole Endosperm grains contain the entire grain seed or ―kernel‖ Germ55
  56. 56. Can you guess: Which bread is highest in WHOLE grains? A. INGREDIENTS: wheat flour, water, high fructose corn syrup, molasses, wheat, bran ... B. INGREDIENTS: whole wheat flour, water, brown sugar ...56
  57. 57. Can you guess: Which bread is highest in WHOLE grains? A. INGREDIENTS: wheat flour, water, high fructose corn syrup, molasses, wheat, bran ... B. INGREDIENTS: whole wheat flour, water, brown sugar ...57
  58. 58. Overall dietary pattern is important58 Photo courtesy of USDAgov on flickr
  59. 59. Example: Importance of total diet The ―Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension‖ (DASH Eating Plan) clinical study showed … • Fruit and vegetable consumption lowers blood pressure … • Adding low-fat, high-calcium foods to a diet high in fruits and vegetables further lowers blood pressure, and … • Even greater reductions occur when sodium intake is restricted U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services National Heart Lung Blood Institute59 http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.pdf
  60. 60. ―For optimum health, scientists say eat a rainbow of colors. Your plate should look like a box of Crayolas.‖ ~Janice M. Horowitz, TIME, January 12, 200260
  61. 61. Pick a variety of vegetables from each vegetable subgroup61
  62. 62. No single ―SUPER‖ food Many interactions occur among food constituents (such as fiber, nutrients, and phytochemicals) that affect disease risk62
  63. 63. Supplements vs. Food Foods may contain additional substances and provide benefits not available from fortified foods, nutrient supplements and vitamin and mineral pills63
  64. 64. If science could create a pill that gave us all the vitamins and minerals we need, the only problem would be …64
  65. 65. Swallowing it!65
  66. 66. 4 budgeting $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Choose the most value for calorie salary3. Consider the ―true cost‖ of poor nutrition4. Plan a budget for YOU
  67. 67. Foods thatdo little to meetnutrient needs —even if they’rewithin our caloriesalary — can putour HEALTH andMONEY at risk
  68. 68. If you cared for your car like you do your body, would it look like this?68
  69. 69. Plus … you can replace a car with a new model … unlike your body!69
  70. 70. ―Today in the United States, chronic diseases account for 70% of deaths, limit the activities of tens of millions more Americans, and cost our economy billions each year. In the United States, they account for 75% of our health care spending.‖ U.S. Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, Department of Health and Human Services, May 16, 2011 http://geneva.usmission.gov/2011/05/16/sebelius-chronic-diseases-a-growing-health-problem-for-countries-everywhere/70
  71. 71. ―We also know that the burden of chronic disease is growing in large part because of our lifestyles — the choices we make about where we live, what we eat, and how we exercise.‖ ~ U.S. Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, Department of Health and Human Services, May 16, 2011 http://geneva.usmission.gov/2011/05/16/sebelius-chronic-diseases- a-growing-health-problem-for-countries-everywhere/71
  72. 72. ―Healthy eating is associated with reduced risk for many diseases, including several of the leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes.‖ ~ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/nutrition/facts.htm72
  73. 73. ―The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free and low-fat dairy products for persons aged 2 years and older.‖ ~ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/ nutrition/facts.htm73
  74. 74. Healthy diets may help reduce or eliminate the need for, and cost of, medications for some people74
  75. 75. Average cost of medications/month High cholesterol (cost of statins, a type of drug that helps lower cholesterol) $11 to $277 Consumer Reports, April 2010 http://www.consumerreports.org/health/best-buy- drugs/statins.htm75
  76. 76. Average cost of medications/month Type 2 Diabetes $15 to $505 U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, based on prices from Red Book: Pharmacy’s Fundamental Reference, 2011 Edition http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK63537/#prices76
  77. 77. Pills vs. Food: You WON’T see these drug side effects listed on food • Dizziness • Nausea • Blurred vision • Muscle cramps • Headache • Constipation • Breathing difficulties • Insomnia • Decreased sex drive • Tremors77 Photo: courtesy of Alice Henneman
  78. 78. And … food tastes better than pills!78
  79. 79. Do you want to swallow this?79
  80. 80. Or … do you want to swallow this?80 Photo courtesy of The Beef Checkoff
  81. 81. ―Adam and Eve ate the first vitamins, including the package.‖ ~E.R. Squibb81
  82. 82. 4 budgeting $teps1. Stay within your calorie budget2. Consider the ―true cost‖ of poor nutrition3. Choose the most value for calorie salary4. Plan a budget for YOU
  83. 83. As you ―budget,‖ choose foods for good taste as well as health! ―What some call health, if purchased by perpetual anxiety about diet, isn’t much better than tedious disease.‖ ~George Dennison Prentice83
  84. 84. Fine-tune what you’re already eating to meet MyPlate recommendations84
  85. 85. Situation 1 Your diet is fairly healthy, but your healthcare professional says it would help your blood pressure to lose some weight. How do you fine-tune your already positive85 eating patterns?
  86. 86. Situation 1: Fine-tune Eat smaller portions and put on smaller plates so the portions look larger86
  87. 87. Situation 1: Fine-tune Add extra physical activity to your dayImage courtesy of Centers for Disease Control andPrevention, http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/hwi/ downloads/stairwell_messages.pdf 87
  88. 88. Situation 2 Fruit and vegetable intake is low. How do you fine-tune your intake to increase fruits and vegetables?88
  89. 89. Situation 2: Fine-tune • Eat larger servings • Snack on them • Toss into salads • Serve them with dips • Add fruits to cereal and yogurt • Serve vegetable soup89 • Add to omelets
  90. 90. Situation 3 Less than half of your grain group servings are whole grain. How do you fine-tune your whole grain intake?90
  91. 91. Situation 3: Fine-tune Look for whole grain forms of grains you’re already eating. Example: Enjoy some of the many forms of brown rice as well as white rice.91 Photo courtesy of USArice.com
  92. 92. Situation 4 There is a lack of variety in your fruits and vegetables. How do you fine-tune your selections to increase variety?92
  93. 93. Situation 4: Fine-tune • Buy frozen mixed vegetables and fruits • Commit to trying one new fruit or veggie each time you shop • Eat a variety of colors93
  94. 94. Raise your hand if your fruits & vegetables this week included … • 5 colors • 4 colors • 3 colors • 2 colors • 1 color94
  95. 95. Final thoughts …―Our health always seems much more valuable after we lose it.‖ ~Author unknown
  96. 96. Final thoughts …―Money is the most envied, but the least enjoyed. Health is the most enjoyed but the least envied.‖ ~Charles Caleb Colton
  97. 97. Final thoughts … ―Take care of your body. It’s the only97 place you have to live.‖ ~Jim Rohn
  98. 98. Final thoughts …―The greatest wealth is health.‖ ~Virgil
  99. 99. ―Thank you‖ to the following people (in alphabetical order) for reviewing these slides! • Lisa Franzen-Castle • Joyce Reich • Vicki Jedlicka • Kayte Tranel • Patricia Luck • Nancy Urbanec • Amy Peterson • Karen Wobig99
  100. 100. References • Choose MyPlate at http://ChooseMyPlate.gov • Dash Diet at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.pdf • Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 at http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/DGAS2010-PolicyDocument.htm • Dietary Guidelines, 2010 at a Glance Slide Presentation, U.S. Department of Agriculture Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion • Nutrition Facts, Centers for Disease Prevention and Control at: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/nutrition/facts.htm • Selected Messages for Consumers, U.S. Department of Agriculture Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion at http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/Publications/DietaryGuidelines/2010/PolicyDoc/Sel ectedMessages.pdf • U.S. Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, Department of Health and Human Services, May 16, 2011 http://geneva.usmission.gov/2011/05/16/sebelius-chronic-diseases-a- growing-health-problem-for-countries-everywhere/100
  101. 101. If you’re viewing this PowerPoint online, please click below and tell us how you liked it.http://food.unl.edu/web/fnh/calorie-salary-feedback Thank you!
  102. 102. Extension is a Division of the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln cooperating with the Counties and the United States Department of Agriculture. University of Nebraska–Lincoln Extension educational programs abide with the nondiscrimination policies of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and the United States Department of Agriculture.102

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