Overview - The Training System


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Overview - The Training System

  1. 1. Introduction <ul><li>Australia’s national training system is a set of organisational arrangements between the Australian Government, state and territory governments working with industry, employers and training providers to deliver vocational education and training (VET). </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Training System <ul><li>What is VET? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational Education & Training is ‘education and training for work’ and part of a broader educational network in Australia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Australian VET system is one of the most sophisticated in the world because it is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industry-led </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Client focused </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is VET? Cont… <ul><li>Three identifiable sectors in Australian education system: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HE (higher education) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VET (vocational education and training) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some dual sector VET/HE institutions but each sector has its own: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative arrangements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets of qualifications </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Overlapping Program Delivery <ul><li>VET Programs delivered in schools </li></ul><ul><li>VET Programs delivered in universities </li></ul>Higher Education VET Schools
  5. 5. Governance
  6. 6. VET policies & frameworks <ul><li>The National Training Framework (NTF) </li></ul><ul><li>Training packages </li></ul><ul><li>The Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) – currently AQTF 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) </li></ul><ul><li>User choice </li></ul><ul><li>Traineeship and apprenticeship arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>The National Reporting System (NRS) </li></ul>
  7. 7. National Training Framework (NTF) <ul><li>The National Training Framework (NTF) is made up of the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) and Training Packages </li></ul><ul><li>The NTF is a nationally consistent, industry-led system designed to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide high-quality skill outcomes to maintain individuals’ employability and increase their productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide for nationally recognised qualifications, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improve the competitiveness of enterprises and the nation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. National Training Strategies <ul><ul><li>Towards a Skilled Australia (1994-1998) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Bridge to the Future (1998-2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaping Our Future (2004-2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Builds on achievements of the two previous national VET strategies, with the vision: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VET works for Australian businesses – making them internationally competitive </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VET works for people – giving Australians world-class skills and knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VET works for communities – making them inclusive and sustainable </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Other national strategies <ul><ul><li>The Australian Flexible Learning Framework for VET 2000-2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A nationally agreed set of goals, principles and actions to help Australian people and industries make a rapid and successful transition to the information economy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridging Pathways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A five-year (2000-2005) national strategy and implementation plan for increasing VET opportunities for people with a disability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners in a Learning Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A five-year (2000 – 2005) national strategy and implementation plan for increasing VET opportunities for Indigenous people </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. New Directions for VET <ul><li>The Directions Paper Skilling Australia – New Directions for Vocational Education and Training set out possible models for a new national training system from 1 July 2005 when responsibilities of the Australian National Training Authority transfer to the Department of Education, Science and Training. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Skilling Australia <ul><li>Skilling Australia’s Workforce Act 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>2005-2008 Commonwealth-State Agreement for Skilling Australia’s Workforce </li></ul>
  12. 12. National Goals & Objectives <ul><li>Industry will have a highly skilled workforce to support strong performance in the global economy </li></ul><ul><li>Employers and individuals will be at the centre of VET </li></ul><ul><li>Communities and regions will be strengthened economically and socially through learning and employment </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous Australians will have skills for viable jobs and their learning culture will be shared </li></ul>
  13. 13. National Priorities <ul><li>Improving the system’s responsiveness to rapid changes in demand for skills development and addressing skills shortages, especially in traditional trades and in emerging industries </li></ul><ul><li>Delivering improved outcomes for employers, individuals and communities </li></ul><ul><li>Improving quality </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing participation and up-skilling mature age workers </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging greater re-engagement in training by Australians who are not fully participating in the labour market </li></ul>
  14. 14. Key VET Organisations & Stakeholders <ul><li>Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) – formally Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST) – from 1 July 2005 the responsibilities and functions of the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) were transferred to DEST </li></ul><ul><li>State and Territory training authorities (STAs) </li></ul><ul><li>Industry Skills Councils (ISCs) – national industry advisory boards </li></ul><ul><li>State and Territory ISCs </li></ul><ul><li>State and Territory course accrediting bodies </li></ul><ul><li>National and state employer and employee organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Apprenticeship Centres (formally New Apprenticeship Centres NACs) </li></ul><ul><li>Training and assessment organisations – Registered Training Organisations (TAFE, private commercial colleges or companies, enterprises, community organisations, group training companies and schools) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Training Packages <ul><li>A training package is a set of nationally endorsed standards and qualifications for recognising and assessing people’s skills in a specific industry, industry sector or enterprise. Training packages ensure the quality, consistency and industry relevance of training products </li></ul><ul><li>Training packages describe the skills and knowledge that individuals need to perform effectively in the workplace. </li></ul><ul><li>A training package does not describe how an individual should be trained </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers and trainers develop learning and assessment strategies (the ‘how’) depending on learners’ needs, abilities and circumstances </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Training Packages cont… <ul><li>By December 2004 there were 81 training packages (currently 86) covering most industries and over 80% of the workforce. When there is a training need that is not addressed by an existing training package, an accredited course is developed. </li></ul><ul><li>The National Training Information Service (NTIS) records all training packages, accredited courses, qualifications and units of competency at www.ntis.gov.au </li></ul>
  17. 17. Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF) <ul><li>Is the set of nationally agreed quality assurance arrangements for training and assessment services delivered by training organisations. </li></ul><ul><li>It assures the quality and consistency of training outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>The AQTF comprises two sets of standards: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards for Registered Training Organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards for State and Territory Registering/Course Accrediting Bodies </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) The AQF is a unified system of national qualifications
  19. 19. National Reporting System <ul><li>National framework for reporting outcomes of adult English language, literacy and numeracy programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visit www.nrs.dest.gov.au for more information </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Traineeship <ul><li>A system of vocational training combining off-the-job training at an approved training provider with on-the-job training and practical work experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Traineeships generally take one to two years and are now a part of the Australian Apprenticeships (previously “New Apprenticeships”) system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visit www.australianapprenticeships.gov.au for more information </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. User choice <ul><li>A provision of New Apprenticeships whereby an employer and an apprentice or trainee can choose the training provider for the government-funded off-the-job elements of the training program. </li></ul><ul><li>The organisation chosen can be a TAFE or any other RTO (including school) that has been registered to deliver the required training </li></ul>
  22. 22. Industry Skills Councils (ISCs) <ul><li>ISCs provide advice to Australian, state & territory governments on the training required by industry. </li></ul><ul><li>The key purpose of an ISC to to provide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>comprehensive representation of industry in the management and planning of VET </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advice and participation in the development of training products and services to meet industry needs. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Industry Skills Councils cont… <ul><li>ISCs collect information on industry training needs from employers, unions and professional industry associations, thereby ensuring an industry-led VET system that is flexible and responsive. </li></ul><ul><li>ISCs advise government on how public funds should be spent within each industry, and have primary responsibility for the development and maintenance of Training Packages. </li></ul><ul><li>ISCs ensures that the Australian VET system remains industry-led, client focused, flexible and responsive. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Training Packages and Courses <ul><li>Training Packages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by national industry skills councils or enterprises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive national consultation processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endorsed by the National Quality Council (NQC) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Courses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed in areas not covered by training packages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation with industry/community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accredited by state/territory accrediting bodies </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. VET in Victoria <ul><li>In Victoria, VET programs include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-vocational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VET programs may be delivered in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TAFE institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private RTOs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACE (Adult Community Education) providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not all VET programs are nationally recognised </li></ul><ul><li>The VRQA (formally VQA) is the accrediting body for all VET programs which are accredited courses </li></ul><ul><li>The same set of standards and processes apply for all VET accredited courses </li></ul>
  26. 26. VET Policy Development <ul><li>Consultation processes are an essential element of the VET system </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities to contribute to VET policy developments may occur through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance at workshops and consultations conducted by relevant VET organisations and stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual or organisational written submissions and feedback to relevant VET organisations and stakeholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in forums, networks and conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in training or assessment organisation meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in validation meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research or consultancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribution to online consultations </li></ul></ul>