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Language, Literacy & Numeracy


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Language, Literacy & Numeracy

  1. 1. Language, literacy & numeracy <ul><li>Language – spoken words, listening, non-verbal gestures and body language </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy – the ability to read and use written information, write appropriately, recognition and use of numbers, mathematical signs and symbols within text </li></ul><ul><li>Numeracy – the practical application of mathematical skills </li></ul>
  2. 2. LLN & the AQF <ul><li>Each vocational area has a unique set of reading, writing, communication and numeracy tasks that are part of everyday vocational tasks </li></ul><ul><li>The skills of reading, writing, speaking and listening, and numeracy are most often at different levels within any particular qualification as well as across qualification levels </li></ul>
  3. 3. The role of the trainer in LLN <ul><li>Understand the LLN skills that need to be part of vocational training for all learners </li></ul><ul><li>Model the appropriate LLN skills as part of training for all learners </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate training materials and methods for appropriate LLN levels </li></ul><ul><li>Allow learners to practice the appropriate LLN skills included in training </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate assessment tasks and methods for appropriate LLN level cont… </li></ul>
  4. 4. The role of the trainer in LLN cont… <ul><li>Develop LLN materials that are relevant to learners’ needs within vocational training </li></ul><ul><li>Identify learners experiencing significant LLN difficulties who may need specialist assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate and communicate with LLN specialists who can undertake LLN assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate any additional recommended LLN support with the vocational training through collaboration </li></ul>
  5. 5. International Adult Literacy Survey <ul><li>19% of people could be expected to have considerable difficulties using printed materials in daily life </li></ul><ul><li>28% of people could be expected to have some difficulties in using many of the printed materials encountered in daily life </li></ul><ul><li>36% of people could cope with a range of printed materials found in daily life and at work </li></ul><ul><li>17% of people had good to very good literacy skills, with the ability to effectively use complex information processing skills </li></ul>
  6. 6. Learner’s LLN levels <ul><li>It is necessary to have an indication of whether a person has the language skills to engage in and successfully complete training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal methods – validated LLN assessments, LLN tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-formal methods – benchmarking LLN performance (in Australia – National Reporting System) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-formal – i.e. enrolment processes that collect LLN information, interview, self-assessment </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Language proficiency tests <ul><li>International Second Language Proficiency Rating (ISLPR) </li></ul><ul><li>International English Language Testing System (IELTS) </li></ul><ul><li>Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) </li></ul>
  8. 8. National Reporting System (NRS) <ul><li>The NRS provides a national benchmark for generic LLN indicators of competency </li></ul><ul><li>The NRS provides a set of descriptors, grouped at 5 levels, against achievement of reading, writing, oral communication and numeracy can be reported </li></ul><ul><li>The NRS is used to measure and report on the LLN skills of participants in Workplace English Language & Literacy Programme (WELL) </li></ul>
  9. 9. NRS – Macro skills <ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking and listening </li></ul><ul><li>Numeracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are 5 levels within each macro skill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each level includes LLN Complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are 6 aspects of communication </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. LLN skills in training & assessment practice <ul><li>Speaking and listening </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear instructions and explanations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to questions effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt your own vocabulary and delivery to match learner comprehension levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate spoken language skills required </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. LLN skills in training & assessment practice cont… <ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce written documents appropriate for learners, settings and topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make judgements about which documents are suitable for their learners to read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help learners to focus on the purpose for reading and help them recognise different types of documents (e.g. operating instructions) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. LLN skills in training & assessment practice cont… <ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping learners to focus on the purpose/reasons for writing i.e. what to write, who will read it, why it needs to be written and to what standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be clear about what learners are expected to write and the style in which it needs to be completed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide examples of tasks learners need to produce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities to practise </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. LLN skills in training & assessment practice cont… <ul><li>Numeracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Model the required numeracy skill/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate the use of measuring equipment or calculators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstration of simple formulae to work out e.g. ratios, percentages or the interpretation of graphs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be clear about when it is important to be accurate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make new maths related skills as practical as possible </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. LLN skills in training & assessment practice - other considerations <ul><li>Information communication technology (ICT) </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your language clear and simple </li></ul><ul><li>Provide reader friendly documents – remember the reader comes first </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate </li></ul><ul><li>Talk about it – use the appropriate vocabulary </li></ul>
  15. 15. LLN skills in training & assessment practice - other considerations cont… <ul><li>Reasonable adjustment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any reasonable adjustments to the assessment process must ensure that the integrity of the unit being assessed is maintained </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interpreting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes it is appropriate to seek assistance from an interpreter when working with learners from a background other than English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpreting services are available through the National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI) – </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. LLN skills in training & assessment practice - other considerations cont… <ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage learners to support each other - consider establishing mentors or buddy systems between learners where appropriate </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. LLN for assessment <ul><li>Recognition – LLN support to assemble recognition portfolio of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple choice tests – high level language skills to understand what to do – explain how these tests work </li></ul><ul><li>Written short answer – include practice runs, discuss marking criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Extended written responses – make sure they are appropriate and at a suitable level </li></ul><ul><li>Spoken presentations – clear guidelines, provide opportunities to practice in short bursts </li></ul><ul><li>Oral questions or interviews – allow for short practice runs </li></ul><ul><li>Individual or group projects – provide guidelines and rules for participation roles </li></ul>
  18. 18. LLN help <ul><li>LLN specialists – access to specialist help will depend upon the RTO/training environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local private or public LLN providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry Skills Councils (ISCs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The reading & writing hotline 1300 655 506 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ongoing liaison with LLN specialists </li></ul><ul><li>One-to-one LLN tuition </li></ul><ul><li>Small group LLN support delivered by a specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Team teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Language expert working alone </li></ul>